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5 CHAPTER FIVE

5.4 Conclusions

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From Fig. 5-4d, a drop in pH was observed in the solution after adding coagulant in the C/F/DAF process. As the pH increases, there is also a corresponding increase in the difference between the initial pH and the final pH of the solution in both C/F/DAF and C/F/S processes. The final pH shows that the solution is more acidic after using chitosan from crab shell as a coagulant.

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(4) The effect of pH using chitosan showed a different performance to using polyDADMAC in terms of As (V) removal where C/F/DAF removes more As (V) across the pH than C/F/S. Turbidity removal was similar for both processes. With increase in pH, there is little improvement in turbidity removal. The difference in pH after chitosan addition showed a reduction in pH except for pH 4.

These results showed that neither polyDADMAC nor chitosan from crab shell is good in removing arsenic from a contaminated water. The two processes considered showed > 40 % arsenic removal efficiency. Both polyDADMAC and chitosan recorded high turbidity removal at all the pH investigated in this study and would find application in removing turbidity in contaminated water. One of the challenges of using chitosan is its inability to dissolve readily in water, which will make its application on a large-scale process complicated.

Conflict of interest None

Appendix 5. Supplementary data

Contains supplementary data related to this Chapter

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