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Aristotle calls Rhetoric an offshoot of Logic. Ex- plain this and the nature and uses of Rhetoric

generally.

HONOUR EXAMINATIONS, O.T. 1863. XCVI1

S E N I O E G E E E K . (Professor Irving.)

SOPHOCLES, Antigone. THUCYDIDES, Book I I I . 1. Translate with brief notes if you judge them

necessary—

TroXXa r a Ceiva KOVOEV avBpwrrov OEtvoTEpov TTEXEI.

TOVTO K a l TToXtOV TTEpaV TTOVTOV ^ ( E l f l t p i w VUTIp

\ w p t l , TTEpijipv^jtoiatv

TTEpwy hit dihfiaaiv, Bewv TE TOV vweprciTav, T d v aipBiTOV, aKafxarav a i r o T p v i r a i ,

IXXofiivwv a p o r p w v i r o g Eig i r o g , 'nnTtiio y i v t i TToXtVOV.

Kovqjovowv TE (pvXov opvlBwv afitptpaXwv a y t i , Kal Onpwv a y p i w v 'tOvn, TTOVTOV T t l v a X i a v (pvanv anEipaiTi hlKTVOKXwOTOig,

TTepiij>puhi)g uvi'ip' K p n r t l hi / i n x a v a i g a y p a v X o v Bnpbg opETatfiara, X a a i a v y E v a 0'

"nmov dtLjerut u/AipiXoipov £ v y d v o i p t w v T aKfiiira r a v p o v .

2. Arrange the above chorus metrically and name each line in it.

3. What was the origin of the Greek Chorus ? W h a t are its functions in the Greek Drama ? Quote Horace's lines upon it.

4 . X O . p i X X o v r a r a v r a . TWV TrpoKEi/xivwv n \p>) irpuaaEiv. fiiXEi y a p TiTivh' STOIITI %pi) jiiXEiv.

K P . dXX' S>v i p w fJtijv, r a v r a a v y K a r n v ^ a / i n v .

e

XCVlll E X A M I N A T I O N P A P E R S

XO fn) I'vv TrpooEv^ov /.inhiv' wg TTETrpwfiEvng OVK 'ian Bvnrdlg av/Kpooag a—aXXayi].

K P . ctyoir a v f.taratov iivhp' EKTrohwv, og, w TTOT, <TE T o'v% f.KWV KariKavov a t T a v rt'o'O. uifioi p i X t o g , o'vh' i \ w o ~ a npog —OTEOOV ihw' Travrn y a p X i ^ p t a rciv y t p o i v , r a 0 ETTI Kpari juot TTOTfiog hvaKojMTTog t i a i i X a r o . X O . 7r«XX(3 TO ippovtiv t v Sa i f i o v i a g

TTpWTOV VKUp\tC J(P'/ <*' *C T" BtWV j i n h t v aatTTTEiv' fityuXoi he Xoyoi fiEyaXag TTXnyag TWV VTTEpav^wv aTTOTian VTEg "

yi'ipa r o (ppovEtv k h i c a ^ a v .

Translate the preceding. Discuss any difficulties and various readings.

o1-

5. Translate and explain—

( 1 . ) XETTTI) h' iiyog ipvyovrog wg tTrijv Kovig.

( 2 . ) Trarpoc TpnroXiirrov O'IKOV

TOV TE TTpOTTai'TOg (IflEripOV TTOTfiOV KXEivo'ig A a / j ^ a K i h a i m v .

( 3 . ) niroi.TOj'oDi'rE r u m X a n r w p w fiopov KOIVOV K a r e i p y a a a v r EIT aXXi]Xoiv jfcpolv.

6. Translate with explanatory notes if you judge them necessary—

K a l hfiXov o n ») TM XiyEiv TTiarEvaag TO TTOLVV hoKOvv uvTaTTofr/vai wg OVK i y v w a r a i a y w v ' i a a i r a v , j) Kiphei iTTaipb^iEvog TO EVTrpcirtg TOV Xoyov EKwovi'iaag TrapayEiv TTtipantrai. ij SE miXig EK TWV TOiiZvht a y w v w v ret fjiv u d X a t r i p o i g h i i w a i v , a v n ) hk rovg KIV- hvvovg a v a i p i p t i . U'ITIOI h' v/MElg KOKwg ayiovoBE-ovvreg, o'lnvtg EIIOBOTE BEOTOI /.itv TwvXoywv y l y v E o B a t , aKpoa- r a l hk TWV t p y u y , ret JIEV yiiXXovra i p y a OTTO TWV t v

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. XC1X E'ITTOVTWV aKOTTOvvTEg wg h v v a r a y i y v t a B a i , TO. hk TTETTpayfiiva i'lCn, ov TO Opa/rBtv maruTEpov O^EI X a - fjovreg i) - 0 UKOVITBEV a - b TWV Xoyio KuXtog ETTITILITJ- a d v r w v ' Kal LIETO. Kaivorifrog ixtv Xoyov a r r a r a a B a i (ipiUTOi, i i t r i i OthoKiiiaTiiivov ht in) ^ v v i i r t a B a i kdiXEtv' tSoiiXoi o v r t g TWV CIEI a r o n w i ' , vrrEpOTrrai hk TWV EIWBO- TWV' Kal fidXivra t u v a v r b g tiirCiv EKaarog fjovXd/jiti'og h v v a a B a i , t l hk in), avraywinCoiiEvoi rolg T o i a v r a X i - y o v a i iii} vrrTEpoi aKoXovBiJTai hoKE~tv r p yvwiin, 6H,iwg h i n X i y o i r o g T r p o t - a i v i o t u Kal TrpoaiabiaBai r e Trpo- Bviioi Eivai r a XEyiiiiEva Kal Trpovoijirat fipahtlg r a k£

a v r w v a ~ o p r } o b i i t v a ' ^Tjrovvrig TE tiXXo n , wg EiTrtiv, 7/ kv oig i^wiitv, (jipovovvTEg he oi/ht rrtpl TWV rrapovrwv iKavwg' cWXtiJc; ~E ftKoiig iiooi'i] i\aawiitvoi Ka\ cotpurroiv B t a r a i g kotKOTtg Kadniiivoig LidXXov j) irfpt iroXfwc ftovXtvofiivoig.

7. Translate and explain—

( 1 . ) avXirruiitvog he rai arpnTio t v TIJI Atog TOV Ntiielov TO) lipio kv IO Waiohog b —oinn)g X i y t r a i VTTO TWV TOVTI] (ITToBaVE'lV.

( 2 . ) AijXov t K u ^ n p a v ' A B n v a i o i KOTO, ^pr/v/ibv hi) n v a . ( 3 . ) Kal a v r o l ktrtvtyKovTtg TOTE rrpwrov kaipopuv.

8. Shew by instances how much the general laws of Euphony influenced the forms of words in Greek.

9. Discuss the meaning and the derivation of KXnpovxog

aKiid^Etv nKpopoXiiravTO n p w p t i v TrtvKatig ^ P V a ^ t i g hsipag ayKwv.

10. Translate into Greek in the style of Thucydides—

" In natural courage and intelligence both the nations which now became connected with Eng- land ranked high. I n perseverance in self com-

EXAMINATION P A P E R S ,

mand in forethought in all the virtues which con- duce to success in life the Scots have never been surpassed. The Irish on the other hand were distinguished by qualities which tend to make men interesting rather than prosperous. They w-ere an ardent and impetuous race easily moved to tears or to laughter to fury or to love. Alone among the nations of Northern Europe they had the susceptibility the vivacity the natural turn for acting and rhetoric which are indigenous on the shores of the Mediterranean sea."—MACAULAY.

S E N I O E L A T I N . (Professor Irving.)

T A C I T U S , Annals i. ii. iii. H O R A C E , Epistles.

Translate—

Dies, quo reliquiae tumulo Augusti infereban- tur, modo per silentium vastus, modo ploratibus inquies : plena urbis itinera, conlucentes per cam j mm Martis faces. Illic miles cum armis, sine insignibus magistratus, populus per tribus, concidisse rempubl., nihil spei reliquum, clami- t a b a n t ; promptius apertiusque, quam ut memi- nisse imperitantium crederes. Nihil tamen Tibe- rium magis penetravit, quam studia hominum accensa in Agrippinam ; cum decus patriae, solum Augusti sanguinem, unicum antiquitatis speci- men adpeilarent, versique ad coelum ac deos integrant illi subolem, ac superstitem iniquorum, precarentur.

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. ci

Fuerc, qui publici funeris pompam requirerent, compararentque, quae in Diusum, patrem Ger- manici, honora et magnifica Augustus fecisset.

Ipsum quippe asperrimo hiemis Ticinum usque progressum, neque abscedentem a corpore simul urbem intravisse : circumfusas lecto Claudiorum Liviorumque imagines : defletum in foro, lau- datum pro rostris : cuncta a maioribus reperta, aut quae poster! invenerint, cumulata. At Ger- manico no solitos quidem, et cuicumque nobili debitos honores, contigisse. Sane corpus, ob longinqiiitatem itinerum, externis terris quoquo modo creuiatum : sod tanto plura decora mox tribui par fuisse, quanta prima furs negavisset.

Non fi-atres, nisi unius diei via, non patruum, saltern porta tenus, obvium. Ubi ilia veterum instituta ? propositam toro effigiem, meditata ad memoriam vii-flitis carmina, et laudationes et lacrimas, vel doloris imitamenta ?

2. Translate with explanatory notes—

Si prodesse tuis paulloque benignius ipsum Te tractare voles, accedes siccus ad unctum.

" Si pranderet olus patientcr, regibus uti Nollet Arist.ippus." " Si sciret regibus uti, Fastidiret olus, qui me notat." Utrius homm Verba probes et facta, doce, vel junior audi, Cur sit Aristippi potior sententia ; namque Mordacem Cynicum sic eludebat, ut aiunt:

" S c u n o r ego ipse mihi, populo t u ; rectius hoc et Splendidius multo est. Equus ut me portet, alat

rex,

OfEcium facio : tu poscis vilia rerum,

Dante minor, quamvis fers te nullius egentem."

Omnis Aristippum decuit color et status et res, Tentantem majora, fere praesentibus ajquum.

CH E X A M I N A T I O N P A P E R S ,

Contra, quern duplici panno patientia velat, Mirabor, vitie via si conversa deccbit.

Alter purpureum non exspoctabit amictum, Quidlibet indutus celeberrima per loca vadet, Personamque f'cret non inconcinnus utramque;

Alter Miloti text-am cane pejus ot angui Vitabit chlamydem, morietur frigore, si non Rettuleris pannum. Refer et sine vivat incptus.

3. Translate into Latin—

Such a man was Horace who had offered his services to Brutus together with young Cicero the orator's son, and doubtless many other gene- rous students of the Athenian lecture-rooms.

Horace lived to merit the favour of Octavius and to repay it in immortal verse. In his days of ease and security he could afford to raise a smile as the runaway of Phiiippi who abandoned his shield to expedite his flight while the braggarts of the morning lay sprawling in the dust. I t would have been imprudent perhaps to remind even the kindest of patrons of the previous action in the same field in which the Brutians drove the Ctesarians before them, seized their camp and pierced their general's litter: but his- tory may restore the recreant minstrel to the honours be abjured and claim for him his rightful share in that ineffectual victory.—MERIVALE.

4. Construct a Stemma Cfesarum containing all those mentioned in your Horace and Tacitus.

5. Explain fully—

(1.) Lento Saranites ad lumina prima duello.

(2.) '' Non mild Cuinas

Est iter aut Baias" lajva stomachosus habena Dicet eques.

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. CHI

(3.) Alter rixatur de lana saepe caprina.

(4.) Fautor utroque tuurn laudabit pollice ludum.

(5.) Diu manipularis dein centurio mox castris prac- fectus.

(6.) Cui militaribus facctiis vocabulum " C e d o al- teram " indiderant.

(7.) Quajdam planae curinis ut sine noxa siderent:

plures appositis utrimque gubernaculis.

6. Cubat hie in colle Quirini

Hie extreme in Aveutiuo, visendus utcrque : Intervalla vides humane cummoda

Draw a rough map of Rome marking the seven , hills and the places mentioned in your Horace

and Tacitus.

7. Imi derisor lecti. Explain this and the arrange- ment of the places at a Roman Triclinium 8. Write full notes on the form and the derivation

of solor ampullor elementum plagosus sigillum supplicium proles sponte.

GEOMETEY AND TEIGONOMETEY.

(Professor Wilson.)

1. If there be three magnitudes and other three which taken two and two have the same ratio then if the first be greater than the third the fourth shall be greater than the sixth and if equal equal and if less less.

CIV EXAMINATION P A P E R S ,

2. I f a right cone be cut by any plane parallel to the base shew that the section will be a circle.

3. Define the sine of an angle and state carefully in order the several steps by which a meaning is attached to the sine of an angle greater than two right angles

4. Shew that

sin 3 A = 4 sin A . sin (00° + A ) . sin (60° — A ) 5. Give the formulae for solving a triangle when two

sides and an angle opposite to one of them are given. Explain from geometrical considerations in what cases there can be two triangles having these parts and shew how in all other cases the triangle is solved analytically without ambiguity.

0. Shew that -na" is the area of a circle whose radius is a.

7. Apply Do Moivre's theorem to find the six values

of V I

8. Investigate a series expressing the power of the sine of an angle in terms of the sines or cosines of the multiples of the angle. Ex: sin70.

9. Investigate a series for expanding log (1 + x) 10. Shew that the logarithms of numbers of seven

digits may be found correctly to seven places of decimals from tables of logarithms of numbers of five digits by means of proportional parts.

11. Shew that TT = 8 ) i . + J _ + * + &o- J I 1.3 5.7 9.11 , )

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. CV

- ALGEBEA.

(Professor Wilson.)

1. State the rule for converting a vulgar fraction into a decimal : shew the correctness of this rule : shew in what cases the equivalent decimal will be finite : and shew that if it be not finite it must be recurring.

2. Solve the equations

9x* + 18x-3 —142*2 + 18x + 9 = 0 V y \ i x s/ xy

V x3y + «/ xy3 = 78

3. A sets off from P to Q and B at the same time from Q to P : A reaches Q a hours after they meet and B reaches P b hours after they meet:

Find in what time each performed the journey.

4. Shew that generally it is possible to assign such a value to x as will make any term of the series A + B x + Cx2 + B x3 + &c. greater than the sum of all that follow it. Is this true of the series x + l.2.x2 + I.2.3.O.'3 + &c. Give the reason for your answer.

6. Assuming the Binomial Theorem for positive in- tegral indices shew that

Cvi E X A M I N A T I O N P A P E R S ,

m (m — 1) „ „ (1 + mx + - j o — " x" + &c-) x

(1 + nx + n ~ ' x°- + &c.) -, / ., (m + n) (m + n—1)

= l + (m + n ) x — - ^ Y Q Lx2 + &c.

for all values of m and n.

_ 3

6. Expand (1 — nx) and find the general term.

7. Find the sum of the recurring series 1 + 2a; + 7x2 + 20a-3 + 61a;4 + &c.

8. Find the value of x •>/ 3x — 2x* — x N/ x

i when x = 1 1—a;"

9. Investigate an expression for the present value of an annuity to commence p j-ears hence and con- tinue for q years reckoning compound interest.

1Q. A bag contains 10 balls of unknown colour. A white ball is drawn and replaced : then again a white ball is drawn and replaced: calculate the probability that the third drawing will give a white ball.

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863- CV11

CHEMISTEY AND MINERALOGY.

(Professor McCoy.)

1. If in the cubic system of crystals 1 . 1 . 1 . = o, and 0 . 1 . 1 . = d, write separately the S}rmbols accord- ing to Miller's notation, for"Bll the faces which in each crystal would coexist with the one indicated by the symbols given above ; give the angles between normals to adjacent faces of o., adjacent faces of d., and of o. and (/. when the two forms occur together in combination.

2. Describe all the fundamental forms of crystals, and write down the symbols for each of the faces of each.

3. If I I . be the greatest of three unequal indices H. K. L., how many faces would bound the form having the formula H. K. o. (one of the three being Zero) in the cubic system ?

4. Enumerate the Metalloids in the order in which they would replace each other in composition, placing each one before those which are more electro- positive than it.

5. By what modifications of the size or number of the plates of a galvanic battery may the greatest decomposing power or deflagrating power be re- spectively attained ; and what is the characteristic difference between the actions of " quantity " and

" intensity " in each case ?

CV111 E X A M I N A T I O N P A P E R S ,

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND ZOOLOGY.

(Professor McCoy.)

1. Give the anatomical structure of the Rotifera, and state the families into which the group is usually divided by Zoologists.

2. Describe the general internal anatomy of the H y - drozoa, and explain the appearances connected with the different kinds of development observed in them.

3. Name all the pieces, in order of position, of the exoskeleton nf Actinocrimts, and contrast the pieces with those of Platycrinus.

4. Characterise the Madrephyllacea, and name as many of the families of the tribe as yon can.

5. Define the five classes of the Ilomogangliata, and give the chief anatomical peculiarities of each.

A N C I E N T H I S T O E Y . (Professor Ilearn.)

1. State the precise nature of informal Manumission, and the modes by which it was effected.

2. W h a t was " Jus Spectionis " ? How does Cicero describe the political influence of this power?

Trace briefly the course of legislation respecting it.

HONOUR EXAMINATIONS, O.T. 1863. C1X

3. Explain the meaning of the follow-ing expressions, viz.:—Provincia Urbana, Decuria Consularis, Latini Juniani.

4. Explain the use in Roman Law of the following terms, viz.:—Derogare, Auctoritas, Professio.

5. What wrere the causes and wrhat was the date of the Perusian War ?

6. What were the "Arae Perusime," and on w-hat ground has the truth of the story been questioned ? 7. Trace the analogy of the Roman State to a Roman

household.

8. What w-ere the four principal Boards which were formed by the Ministers of the Roman religion ? 9. I t has been observed that the Romans of the

Empire had little in common with the Romans of the earlier Republic. What were the causes of this change ?

10. W h a t were the means by which Augustus and his successors wore enabled to control the Senate ? 11. Compare the principal forms of society that are

found to have co-existed at the fall of the Empire.

12. Mention some of the principal attempts at social and political organization in Western Europe after the fall of the Empire, and show the common causes of the failure of these attempts.

ex

HISTOEY OF THE B E I T I S H E M P I E E . (Professor Bfearn.)

1. Compare the situation and the conduct of Charles IT. in 1681 with the situation and the conduct of Charles I. in the end of 1641.

2. State the four leading propositions for making pro- vision for the Government of the Country upon the flight of James I I . that were supported in the Convention, and the names of their respective supporters.

3. Lord Macaulay observes that the two most re- markable battles that were perhaps ever gained by irregular over regular troops were gained in the same week. What were these battles ? When and where were they respectively fought? Trace the points of resemblance and of contrast between them.

4. At what time, in what circumstances, and by what arguments, was the final abolition of the Censor- ship of the English Press accomplished ?

5. Trace the political and the moral consequences of this emancipation.

6. What is the earliest case of what is now known as Stock Jobbing Mania ?

7. I t has been observed that the circumstances of Sir Robert Walpole's accession to power were very favourable to him. How ?

H O N O U R E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. c x i

8. What was the object of the Darien Expedition, and by whom was it projected ?

9. What were the Scottish heritable jurisdictions ? When and in what circumstances were they abolished ?

10. Show that each of Lord Clive's three visits to India marks an important period in the British connection with that country.

11. What were the several forms of Government under which the North American Colonies of England were respectively placed ? Give some examples of each class.

12. Trace the causes of the great popularity in his earlier years of the younger Pitt.

CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL HISTOEY.

(Professor H c a r n . )

1. How does Blackstonc explain the maxim " T h e King can do no wrrong " ?

2. Are there any analogies in our law to the personal exemption of the Sovereign from legal pro- ceedings ?

3. In what other sense may tho maxim above men- tioned be taken ? Quote an authority from Bracton in support of this meaning.

CX11 EXAMINATION P A P E R S ,

4. W h a t seems to have been the legal groundwork for the high prerogative doctrines of the Tudors and the Stuarts ?

5. What appears to be the true distinction between the Barones Majores and Minores of Magna Charta, and what is tho evidence in support of this opinion ?

6. What were the circumstances out of which Bushell's case arose, and what was the precise point decided in it ?

7. By whom was the judgement in Bushell's case delivered ? Mention any other instances in which important constitutional principles were practically settled, not by the actual decision but by the reasoning on which the decision was founded.

8. What was the original character of the Court of Exchequer, and by what means was its jurisdic- tion extended ?

9. How does it appear that the Court of Exchequer was not originally of equal rank with the two Benches ? When nnd in what circumstances was its equality established ?

10. W h a t was the Statute Quia Emptores, and what were its political effects ?

11. In the history of the Law of Devises, what was the influence of the Statute of Uses ?

12. In the history of the Law of Devises, what was the influence of the abolition of the Military Tenures ?

HONOUR EXAMINATIONS, O.T. 1863. CX111

POLITICAL ECONOMY.

(Professor Hearn.)

1. How does the presence of a large population benefit the producer ?

2. How does the presence of a large population benefit the consumer ?

3. In what way, if any, is the largeness of a popula- tion connected with its wealth or its poverty ? 4. State and account for the difference in the pheno-

mena presented by a society when the bulk of the population is prosperous, and by an equally wealthy society of whose wealth the greater por- tion is possessed by a few persons.

5. When an industrial establishment has attained a certain magnitude, every increase of size is found to be pure gain. How do 3-ou explain this fact?

6. Mr. Mill notices the loss occasioned to some coun- tries (c. g. India) by the absence of a non-agricul- tural or town population. Explain the cause of the importance of such a population.

7. What is the characteristic imperfection of associated industry, and how can it be removed ?

8. In any case of productive industry, what does the payment of wages during the process of produc- tion (e. g. weekly wages) represent ?

CX1V EXAMINATION P A P E R S ,

9. How do you explain the coincidence that exists in society of individual and general interests ? 10. State and prove the primary function of Govern-

ment.

11. What are the economic inconveniences that arise from the conduct of industrial enterprises by Government ?

12. Mention some cases in which industrial pursuits have been considered by large classes of a com- munity as degrading.

L A W . — P A E T I.

(Mr. Chapman?)

1. W h a t is the principal "rule established by the case of Armory v. Delamiric. Give at least one example of its application distinct from the case itself.

2. Property was lent to A under a written agreement respecting its use or enjoyment by A . B obtained possession of it and withheld it from him, and A thereupon sued B in trover for the same. Could A maintain his action without giving the written agreement under which he became possessed of the chattels, in evidence at the trial ? On what principle is your answer based ?

HONOUR E X A M I N A T I O N S , O.T. 1863. CXV

3. " The main doctrine laid down in Chandelor v. Lojius has never since been disputed—viz., that the plaintiff must either declare upon a contract, or, if he declare in tort for a misrepresentation, must aver a scienter."—Smith, L. C. 1. 78. Upon the facts of Chandelor v. Lopus, what would now be the decision, and upon what principle ?

4. Describe briefly but clearly the distinction between a guarantee and a false representation as to the credit and ability of another. Mention the case in which the distinction was first taken, and mention the provision of the statute, to which the distinction in question gave birth.

5. Give a description of a case which came before the Court of Exchequer a i'ew years after the statute to which you refer was passed, upon a false repre- sentation as to the credit and ability of another, and give the subsequent history of the point raised.

6. What is the distinction ns to the averment of the defendant's request in counts for money lent and money paid on the defendant's account, and what is the reason for the distinction ? Name a case on the subject.

7. Give instances in which a more moral obligation without any legal liability is sufficient to support a new promise, and also in which an obligation of that nature is not sufficient.

Lord C. J. Holt, in his celebrated judgment in Coggs v. Bernard, enumerates six kinds of bail- ment. Class these according to the incidence of