Annex 1. Project Brief
At the ANTA MINCO meeting on 15 November 2002, Ministers agreed that:
"The ANTA Board request the NTQC, in consultation with ANTA CEOs, to establish a high level review of Training Packages to ensure teaching and learning are strengthened and that they meet both current and future skill needs".
In response to this resolution, ANTA developed the following Terms of Reference:
"The purpose of this high level review is to inform ANTA MINCO about whether and, if so how, Training Packages could better meet both current and future skill needs. In addition, the review will address the capacity of the VET system to deliver the outcomes defined in Training Packages, with a particular focus on teaching and learning strategies, and will identify ways in which this capability could be strengthened.
The review will focus on the following three areas:
1. Review existing evidence and research relating to the current and future context in which Training Packages will need to operate.
2. Analyse the capacity of the Training Package model and the realities of implementation to meet current and future skill needs. This would encompass such factors as the structure of Training Packages, the Training Package development/review process and implementation arrangements, including planning/resourcing in relation to the implementation of Training Packages i.e. professional development arrangements, current approaches to teaching, learning and assessment and the availability and use of support materials.
3. Recommend how the Training Package model and supporting structures could be enhanced to better meet current and future skill needs, including a particular focus on the implications for teaching and learning approaches.
The review will need to address a number of related key questions. These include but are not limited to:
(i) Context: New and emerging factors affecting the development, review and use of Training Packages
(ii) Capacity of the Training Package model and the current realities of implementation
(iii) Enhancing the Training Package model and its supporting structures."
Annex 2. Methodology
Phase 1 consisted of the preparation of a report entitled An analysis of the current and future context in which Training Packages will need to operate, prepared by OVAL Research at the University of Technology, Sydney (ANTA 2003b). This was published and made widely available.
Phase 2 concentrated on the realities of implementation of Training Packages.
It involved an ANTA-commissioned key research project that analysed documented evidence from States and Territories, other key stakeholders, and research from over 300 sources. It also involved the commissioning of short papers from TAFE Directors Australia and ACPET on their members’ experiences with Training Packages, and a number of ‘think pieces’ on a variety of topics.
The summary was published and made widely available.
Phase 3 commenced in late September 2003, and proceeded through the following steps:
Review of Phases 1 and 2
Phase 1 had already been completed and published before Phase 3 started, and Phase 2 was completed during the first month. It was therefore possible for Phase 3 to take into account the findings of both earlier Phases.
Review of key documents
This review took into account the findings of Phases 1 and 2, and also considered approximately 60 additional key documents including those referenced in the Phase 3 Project Brief. It made a number of general observations about the Training Package literature.
About 20 consultations were carried out with key stakeholders in the early stages of Phase 3: industry peak bodies, State and Territory training and recognition bodies, national ITABs, key bodies representing particular groups, unions, practitioners, researchers, and the Enterprise and Training Provider Working Group of the ANTA Board.
On 7 November 2003 the NTQC hosted a National Forum, to which 100 key stakeholders were invited. Forum participants were provided with
•Report of the Review of Key Documents
•Report of the Targeted Consultations.
The Forum enabled the NTQC and ANTA to:
•inform key stakeholders of the progress of the Review
•check the consultants’ initial premises and assumptions
•check the proposed direction that Phase 3 would take.
Circulation of Consultation Paper
The Consultation Paper was published on the ANTA web-site in early December and served as a basis for consultations in every State and Territory, submissions, and further targeted consultations.
In early February 2004, the consultants conducted 24 consultations which were co-hosted by ANTA and the relevant State Training Authority. This provided an opportunity for approximately 700 people to give feedback to the consultants on the Consultation Paper.
136 written submissions were received and analysed (see Appendix G).
The break-up of submissions was:
Government bodies 24
Enterprises, peak industry bodies, ITABs/ISCs 36 RTOs and individual practitioners 67 VET and education sector organisations 9
Further targeted consultations
In addition to the above opportunities for feedback, further targeted consultations, based on the Consultation Paper, were conducted with industry peak bodies, State and Territory training and recognition bodies, national ITABs and ISCs, key bodies representing particular groups, unions, practitioners, researchers.
Over 1000 people provided input into the Review in Phase 3.
Presentation to ANTA CEOs
The consultants also presented their findings and proposals to CEOs of the Commonwealth and each State and Territory on 12 March 2004, for comment and discussion.
Presentation of Options Paper to NTQC
An Options Paper was presented to the National Training Quality Council in mid- March 2004, and this Report was prepared as a result of the discussions at that meeting.
Annex 3. Project Management Group
The Project Management Group had the following responsibilities:
•developing a full work plan for the review, including the assignment of necessary resources to each stage, up to June 2004 MINCO
•developing the project brief for the high level review of Training Packages
•selecting the consultant(s) for the project
•overseeing the consultancy work
•providing regular progress reports for consideration by NTQC
•ensuring consultation with ANTA CEOs at key stages
•ensuring that the conduct of the review is consistent with the agreed Terms of Reference.
The Project Management Group comprised:
•Gary Collins Chair
(NTQC industry representative)
•Sharon Coates (ANTA)
(NTQC equity representative - nominated by ANTA CEOs' Committee)
(NSW nominee replacing Gary Willmott from September 2003 till present)
(representing State/Territory Training Authority perspective - WA, now member of NTQC)
(NTQC industry representative - former NTQC member, now ANTA Board member)
(co-representative from NSW Dept of Education and Training - Feb 2003 until September 2003)
Executive Officer and Project Manager
•Wendy Katz (for Phases 1 and 2) Principal Project Officer
•Sangeetha Das Project Officer
Annex 4. Sounding Board members
As part of their process, the consultants met with a small group who acted as a
‘sounding board’. They were:
Manager, Vocational Education and Assessment Centre TAFE NSW
Australasian Training and Development Manager Pilkington Australasia Limited
R/Manager Staff Learning and Development Northern Sydney Institute of TAFE
Executive Officer, Manufacturing Learning Australia Felicity Mildon
Director, Felicity Mildon and Associates Pty Ltd
Annex 5. Organisations consulted
The following organisations were consulted as part of the initial or follow-up targeted consultations:
INDUSTRY BODIES ACCI
ACTU Ai Group
Australian Business Limited BCA
Council of Small Business Organisations of Australia*
EDUCATION AND TRAINING BODIES and EDUCATORS
Meetings of national ITABs/ISCs/Recognised Bodies/TP developers Enterprise and Training Provider Working Group of the ANTA Board TAFE Directors Australia
AEU/TAFE ACPET ACIVC Researchers
TRAINING AND RECOGNITION AUTHORITIES ANTA
Department of Education and Training, NSW Department of Education and Training, WA Department of Education, Science and Training Department of Employment and Training, Queensland
Department of Further Education, Employment, Science & Technology, SA Office of Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Tasmania
Victorian Learning and Employment Skills Commission Victorian Qualifications Authority
State/Territory Training Package Expert Advisors’ Group
Meeting of State and Territory Representatives on funding models related to qualifications VET AND EDUCATION SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
AITAC ADTAC NOHSC
Dual Sector Universities
* = consultation offered, but offer not taken up
Annex 6. Submissions received
Organisation: Submission sent by:
ABC Elizabeth Ellis*
ACAS Dr Ross Woods
Adult Learning Australia Francesca Beddie
Adult Learning Australia Jim Nicholls*
Ai Group Megan Lilly
AMES Victoria Lynn Wallace Clancy
ANTA Industry Team Andre Lewis
Aspire Training & Consulting Carmel Byrne
Australian Asphalt Pavement Association Richard Culliford Australian Disability Training Advisory Council Julie Mackey Australian Indigenous Training Advisory Council Anne Maree Walker BCA Training and Development Services Pty Ltd Bob Cooper
Brett Products Greg Pennman
Charles Sturt University Assoc Prof Erica Smith
Chisholm Institute Alan Daniel
Commonwealth Dept Education, Science & Technology Murray Judd Commonwealth Dept Environment & Heritage Joan Cornish
Commonwealth DIMIA Margaret Milne
Communication in Education and Training Rosa McKenna Competency Based Trainers, Tasmania David Castle Construction Material Processors Association Ron Kerr
CREATE Australia Marie Manidis
Curriculum Council of WA Rees Barrett
David J Foreman & Associates David Foreman
Dept of Defence Lt. Margaret Lake
Douglas Mawson Institute of Technology, SA Philip Hadley
Education for Development Luis Gonzalez
Educational Living Pty. Ltd. Lisa Brodie
EE-Oz Training Standards Tony Palladino
ELAN Learning Options Kathi Eland
FNQ Indigenous Consortium Jenni Harmony
Forest and Forest Products Employment Skills Company Sally Baker
FSU Employment Angela Jolic
Global Recognition Agency Ian Morris
Gordon Institute of TAFE Denise Bell
Gowrie Training Centre Ann-Marie Hudson
Griffith University Gavin Moodie
Holmesglen Institute of TAFE Gordon Dickson
Housing Industry Association Lawrie Kruize
Hunter Institute of TAFE Michael Aderman
Information Industry Training Council Andrew Lindhjem
James Cook University Robert Pyne*
KVB Institute of Technology Prof Tony Shannon
Leederville Campus Central TAFE Tim Riessen
Leigh Olson & Associates Leigh Olson
Maritime Training Services Pty Ltd Brian Turner
MERS ITAB Bob Paton
National Mining ITAB Des Caulfield
Moreton Institute Advisory Council Malcolm Chisholm Coca-Cola Amatil (Aust) Pty Ltd Avis Williamson National Occupational Health & Safety Commission Wayne Artuso
National Volunteer Skills Centre Graeme Dobson
NATWRAPS Kate Senior
Network of Community Activities Leone Cripps
Nirrumbuck Aboriginal Corporation Dennis Batty
Noel E Miller & Associates Noel Miller
North Coast ACE Jim Nicholls NMIT - Primary Industries CMM Gay Gallagher Northern Territory Open Education Centre Megan Spiers NSW Dept of Education and Training Geoff Speers NSW Dept of Education and Training, TAFE NSW Karen Harris NSW Dept of Education and Training, TAFE NSW Kim Peterson NSW Dept of Education and Training, Graham Brophy TAFE Strategic Services Unit
NSW Dept of Environment & Conservation Frouke de Reuver
NSW TAFE Commission Board Julian Garcia
NT Cultural, Recreation & Tourism Training Advisory Council Catherine Curry NT Dept of Education and Training Peter Plummer
Northern Territory University Bernadine Atkinson
National Workplace Training Sue Wallace
Partners in Grain (NSW Vic Tas) Inc Nickie Berrisford
Perth Training Jeff Harding
Public Sector Development Queensland Inc Janine Hancox
Public Sector Training (ITAB) Alan Ross
Pulp & Paper Industry Skills Development Unit Sue Richter Queensland Commissioner for Fair Trading Matt Miller
Queensland Community Arts Network Audrey Hutchinson
Queensland Council of Unions Peter Ruhanen
Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission Sonja Pedler
Queensland Health Paul Stafford
Queensland Department of Corrective Services Bev Burge Queensland Dept Natural Resources & Mines Peter Dent
Queensland Dept of Employment and Training Richard Campbell*
Queensland Dept of Employment and Peter Eickenloff Training—Licensing line national projects
Queensland DET Chris Robinson
Queensland Police Peter Silk
(Corporate Service Education & Training Unit)
Queensland Studies Authority Kim Banikoff
Queensland Studies Authority Ian Fyfe
Queensland Training & Employment Board Barry Smith
RAFF Defence Forces Shaun MacFadyen
Rail Infrastructure Corporation, NSW Eugene Tse
Red Cross Queensland Dan Kearns
Restaurant & Catering Association of Victoria John Chalker
RTCA Shannon Brown*
Rural Training Council of Australia Judith Nettleingham
SA DFEEST Ann Doolette
SA DFEEST Elisabeth Owers
Schefenacker Vision Systems Australia. Gary Rayner
Skillsoft Sharon Wilks
Software Publications Pty Ltd Max Johnson
South East Institute of TAFE, SA Paul Hart
Southbank Institute of TAFE Neil Appo
Southern Edge Training Emma MacCulloch
Spencer TAFE Jeff Poole
SSABSA Rod Bauer
SSABSA Janet Keightley
Swan TAFE WA Geoff Hawke
Swinburne University of Technology Judith Bissland
TAFE Directors Australia Margaret Fanning
Take Another Look Tamara Slattery
Tasmania Building & Construction ITB Peter Coad
Tasmanian Government Paula Steenholdt*
Tasmanian Government Trish McCullough
TDT Australia Gerard Langes Textile Rental & Laundry Assoc VIC Paul Newberry
TMI Management Solutions Nicola Burridge
Trison Business College Cheryl Whittenbury
University of Ballarat (TAFE Division) Virginia Fenelon
University of Sydney Carol O’Donnell
Urban Systems Training Carole Petchell
Victoria Dept of Education and Training Patricia Neden Victoria University of Technology Belinda McLennan Visionary & Enterprising Management Colin Shearing
WA Academy of Performing Arts John Fisher
WA Dept of Education & Training Neil Fernandes WA Dept of Education and Training Cheryl Wiltshire*
WA TAFE William Muller*
Winetac Sarah Pearson
Wodonga TAFE Bill Daly
Workplace Health and Safety Queensland Judy Bertram
[Individual submission] John Youngman
[Individual submission] Jenny Christie
[Individual submission] Allan Pitter
[Individual submission] Karen Plane
[Individual submission] John Hatch
* Although submissions marked * originated from an organisation, the submission indicated that they were made in a ‘personal’ or ‘individual’ capacity.
Annex 7. List of Working Papers
These papers are available on the ANTA website: www.anta.gov.au
Working Paper 1.
The Training Package Model
Working Paper 2.
Training Packages today
Working Paper 3.
Training Package Design
Working Paper 4.
Training Package Development and Review
Working Paper 5.
Training Package Qualifications
Working Paper 6.
Working Paper 7.
Supporting quality teaching, learning and assessment
Working Paper 8.
The change environment
Working Paper 9.
Bibliography and References
Annex 8. Bibliography and References
1 Australian Qualifications Framework Advisory Board (AQFAB) (2002) Implementation Handbook Third Edition, Melbourne
2 AUSTAFE (2003), National Conference proceedings, Barossa Valley, 13 – 15 August
3 Australian Disability Training Advisory Council (ADTAC) (2003) Mid-Term Review of the Blueprint for Implementation of Bridging Pathways - Advice to the ANTA Board
4 Australian Indigenous Training Advisory Council (AITAC) (2003), Mid-Term Review of the Blueprint for Implementation of Bridging Pathways - Advice to the ANTA Board
5 Australian National Training Authority (2002) A Licence To Skill: The Implications of Industry Licensing for the Implementation of Training Packages (Stenning and Associates Pty Ltd in conjunction with Peter Noonan Consulting Pty Ltd) 6 Australian National Training Authority (2003a) Analysis of the Mid Term
Indigenous Blue Print Report (Clair Andersen),
7 Australian National Training Authority (2003b) High Level Review of Training Packages: Phase 1 Report. OVAL Research, University of Technology, Sydney
8 Australian National Training Authority (2003c) High Level Review of Training Packages: Phase 2 Report, October
9 Australian National Training Authority (2003d) Key Equity Issues for ANTA’s High Level Review of Training Packages
10 Australian National Training Authority (2003e), Summary of report of ANTA funded project to trial employability skills in Training Packages
11 Australian National Training Authority (2003f) A snapshot of experiences of national enterprises with Training Packages, National Client Assistance Team, October
12 Australian National Training Authority (2003g) Style Manual for Training Package Endorsed Components
13 Australian National Training Authority (2004a) Draft Training Package Development Handbook
14 Australian National Training Authority (2004b) Success and Wastage in VET, internal working paper
15 Billett, S. (2002) Co-participation at work: Understanding learning through work, NCVER
16 Billett, S.(2003) Submission No.38 to the Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee Inquiry into Current and Future Skill Needs
http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/eet_ctte/skills/submissions/sub038.pdf 17 Birnbaum, R. (1991) How colleges work: The cybernetics of academic
organization and leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco
18 Blythe, A. (2004) Australian vocational education and training statistics:
Training packages, NCVER, Adelaide
19 Clayton, B.. Blom, K., Meyers, D. and Bateman, A. (2003) Assessing and certifying generic skills: what is happening in vocational education and training?
20 Coase, P. and Evans J. (2001) Understanding Student Segments in VET, http://www.training.wa.gov.au/resources/docs/Understanding%20Student%
21 Cullen, J. et al. (2002) Review of Current Pedagogic Research and Practice in the Fields of Post-Compulsory Education and Lifelong Learning, Final Report (Revised) submitted to the Economic and Social Research Council by The Tavistock Institute, London
22 Dawe, S. (2002) Focusing on generic skills in Training Packages.
23 Department of Education, Science & Training (2002a) Employability Skills for the Future, DEST, Canberra
24 Department of Education, Science & Training (2002b) Varieties of Learning:
The Interface between Higher Education and Vocational Education and Training, DEST, Canberra
25 Down, C. M. and J. Stewart (2001) "Supporting the implementation of Training Packages at RMIT", paper to Knowledge Demands for the New Economy, Parkroyal Surfers Paradise, Gold Coast, Queensland, Centre for Learning and Work Research, Faculty of Education, Griffith University 26 Down, C. M. (2002) Strategic evaluation of the qualitative impact of the
introduction of Training Packages on vocational education and training clients.
Melbourne, Australian National Training Authority
27 Down, C.M. (2003a) "Training Packages: The learning journey to date", paper to AVETRA Conference 2003
http://www.avetra.org.au/abstracts_and_papers_2003/refereed/Down.pdf 28 Down, C.M. (2003b) " Qualitative Impact of Training Packages: What might
we learn about substantial system-wide change processes?" International Journal of Training Research, Vol 1, no 2, pp 1-20.
29 Foyster J, Hon Kok Fai & Shah, C. (2000) Student flows through Australian TAFE Courses, NCVER Adelaide
30 Gonczi, A. (2001) Research Paper 1, prepared for the review of product research and development within TAFE NSW, TAFE NSW, July
31 Gray, J.(2003) ANTA Think Piece: The Small Business Sector and the Training Package Model
32 Gunning, D. (1999) Reflections on the Future - a View from Afar, prepared for the Australian National Training Authority, September
33 Hager, P. "Ensuring Workplace Competence in an Outcomes-based VET System: A Discussion Paper", University of Technology, Sydney, 2000
34 Hager, P. (2003) "Why We Need to Refurbish Our Understanding of Learning – The Strange Case of Competence", paper presented to Conference on Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Griffith University, University of Technology Sydney
35 International Labour Office (2003) "Learning and training for work in the knowledge society" (White Report)
36 Kearns, P. (2004) "VET in the 21st Century Global Knowledge Economy: An Overview of International Developments in Vocational Education and Training", Think Piece prepared for the High Level Review, ANTA
37 Kearns, P. & Cameron, B.(2003) Strategic Evaluation for the ANTA National Training Quality Council of the Relationship between VET, Schools and Higher Education AQF Qualifications, ANTA, October 2003
38 KPA Consulting Pty Ltd (2003) Quality in VET in Schools Project: Final Report.
39 Lindhjem, A.(2003) Shared Technology: A roadmap for traditional and emerging industries to 2008, prepared for the Western Australian Information,
Electrotechnology & Utilities Industry Training Council, ANTA
40 Long, M., & Fischer, J.(2002) "Leading edge enterprise: insights into
employment and training practices", Melbourne: Centre for the Economics of Education and Training
41 McDonald, R. & 7 others (2000) The transition from initial education to working life. A Status Report on Australia’s progress, ANTA
42 Mitleton-Kelly, E. & Papaefthimiou, M-C.(2000) "Co-evolution of diverse elements interacting within a social ecosystem" paper to FEAST 2000 International Workshop on ‘Feedback and Evolution in Software and Business Processes’, Imperial College, London, UK, July 10-12 2000, London School of Economics 43 Moran, L. and Yoni, Y.(2003) The Australian Quality Training Framework and
Globalisation of Training Markets, ANTA