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Bibliography and References

Annex 1. Project Brief

At the ANTA MINCO meeting on 15 November 2002, Ministers agreed that:

"The ANTA Board request the NTQC, in consultation with ANTA CEOs, to establish a high level review of Training Packages to ensure teaching and learning are strengthened and that they meet both current and future skill needs".

In response to this resolution, ANTA developed the following Terms of Reference:

"The purpose of this high level review is to inform ANTA MINCO about whether and, if so how, Training Packages could better meet both current and future skill needs. In addition, the review will address the capacity of the VET system to deliver the outcomes defined in Training Packages, with a particular focus on teaching and learning strategies, and will identify ways in which this capability could be strengthened.

The review will focus on the following three areas:

1. Review existing evidence and research relating to the current and future context in which Training Packages will need to operate.

2. Analyse the capacity of the Training Package model and the realities of implementation to meet current and future skill needs. This would encompass such factors as the structure of Training Packages, the Training Package development/review process and implementation arrangements, including planning/resourcing in relation to the implementation of Training Packages i.e. professional development arrangements, current approaches to teaching, learning and assessment and the availability and use of support materials.

3. Recommend how the Training Package model and supporting structures could be enhanced to better meet current and future skill needs, including a particular focus on the implications for teaching and learning approaches.

The review will need to address a number of related key questions. These include but are not limited to:

(i) Context: New and emerging factors affecting the development, review and use of Training Packages

(ii) Capacity of the Training Package model and the current realities of implementation

(iii) Enhancing the Training Package model and its supporting structures."

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Annex 2. Methodology

Phase 1

Phase 1 consisted of the preparation of a report entitled An analysis of the current and future context in which Training Packages will need to operate, prepared by OVAL Research at the University of Technology, Sydney (ANTA 2003b). This was published and made widely available.

Phase 2

Phase 2 concentrated on the realities of implementation of Training Packages.

It involved an ANTA-commissioned key research project that analysed documented evidence from States and Territories, other key stakeholders, and research from over 300 sources. It also involved the commissioning of short papers from TAFE Directors Australia and ACPET on their members’ experiences with Training Packages, and a number of ‘think pieces’ on a variety of topics.

The summary was published and made widely available.

Phase 3

Phase 3 commenced in late September 2003, and proceeded through the following steps:

Review of Phases 1 and 2

Phase 1 had already been completed and published before Phase 3 started, and Phase 2 was completed during the first month. It was therefore possible for Phase 3 to take into account the findings of both earlier Phases.

Review of key documents

This review took into account the findings of Phases 1 and 2, and also considered approximately 60 additional key documents including those referenced in the Phase 3 Project Brief. It made a number of general observations about the Training Package literature.

Targeted consultations

About 20 consultations were carried out with key stakeholders in the early stages of Phase 3: industry peak bodies, State and Territory training and recognition bodies, national ITABs, key bodies representing particular groups, unions, practitioners, researchers, and the Enterprise and Training Provider Working Group of the ANTA Board.

National Forum

On 7 November 2003 the NTQC hosted a National Forum, to which 100 key stakeholders were invited. Forum participants were provided with

Report of the Review of Key Documents

Report of the Targeted Consultations.

The Forum enabled the NTQC and ANTA to:

inform key stakeholders of the progress of the Review

check the consultants’ initial premises and assumptions

check the proposed direction that Phase 3 would take.

Circulation of Consultation Paper

The Consultation Paper was published on the ANTA web-site in early December and served as a basis for consultations in every State and Territory, submissions, and further targeted consultations.

Nationwide Consultations

In early February 2004, the consultants conducted 24 consultations which were co-hosted by ANTA and the relevant State Training Authority. This provided an opportunity for approximately 700 people to give feedback to the consultants on the Consultation Paper.


136 written submissions were received and analysed (see Appendix G).

The break-up of submissions was:

Government bodies 24

Enterprises, peak industry bodies, ITABs/ISCs 36 RTOs and individual practitioners 67 VET and education sector organisations 9

Further targeted consultations

In addition to the above opportunities for feedback, further targeted consultations, based on the Consultation Paper, were conducted with industry peak bodies, State and Territory training and recognition bodies, national ITABs and ISCs, key bodies representing particular groups, unions, practitioners, researchers.

Over 1000 people provided input into the Review in Phase 3.

Presentation to ANTA CEOs

The consultants also presented their findings and proposals to CEOs of the Commonwealth and each State and Territory on 12 March 2004, for comment and discussion.

Presentation of Options Paper to NTQC

An Options Paper was presented to the National Training Quality Council in mid- March 2004, and this Report was prepared as a result of the discussions at that meeting.

>> Annexes

Annex 3. Project Management Group

The Project Management Group had the following responsibilities:

developing a full work plan for the review, including the assignment of necessary resources to each stage, up to June 2004 MINCO

developing the project brief for the high level review of Training Packages

selecting the consultant(s) for the project

overseeing the consultancy work

providing regular progress reports for consideration by NTQC

ensuring consultation with ANTA CEOs at key stages

ensuring that the conduct of the review is consistent with the agreed Terms of Reference.

The Project Management Group comprised:

Gary Collins Chair

(NTQC industry representative)

Sharon Coates (ANTA)

Pam Gill

(NTQC equity representative - nominated by ANTA CEOs' Committee)

Leslie Loble

(NSW nominee replacing Gary Willmott from September 2003 till present)

Robert Player

(representing State/Territory Training Authority perspective - WA, now member of NTQC)

Julius Roe

(NTQC industry representative - former NTQC member, now ANTA Board member)

Gary Willmott

(co-representative from NSW Dept of Education and Training - Feb 2003 until September 2003)

Sherinda Shea

Executive Officer and Project Manager

Wendy Katz (for Phases 1 and 2) Principal Project Officer

Sangeetha Das Project Officer

Annex 4. Sounding Board members

As part of their process, the consultants met with a small group who acted as a

‘sounding board’. They were:

Robin Booth

Manager, Vocational Education and Assessment Centre TAFE NSW

Meg Collins-Hughes

Australasian Training and Development Manager Pilkington Australasia Limited

Margaret Dix

R/Manager Staff Learning and Development Northern Sydney Institute of TAFE

Jeremy Gilling

Executive Officer, Manufacturing Learning Australia Felicity Mildon

Director, Felicity Mildon and Associates Pty Ltd

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Annex 5. Organisations consulted

The following organisations were consulted as part of the initial or follow-up targeted consultations:


ACTU Ai Group

Australian Business Limited BCA

Council of Small Business Organisations of Australia*


Meetings of national ITABs/ISCs/Recognised Bodies/TP developers Enterprise and Training Provider Working Group of the ANTA Board TAFE Directors Australia



Department of Education and Training, NSW Department of Education and Training, WA Department of Education, Science and Training Department of Employment and Training, Queensland

Department of Further Education, Employment, Science & Technology, SA Office of Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Tasmania

OTTE, Victoria

Victorian Learning and Employment Skills Commission Victorian Qualifications Authority

ACACA Managers

State/Territory Training Package Expert Advisors’ Group

Meeting of State and Territory Representatives on funding models related to qualifications VET AND EDUCATION SECTOR ORGANISATIONS


Dual Sector Universities

* = consultation offered, but offer not taken up

Annex 6. Submissions received

Organisation: Submission sent by:

ABC Elizabeth Ellis*

ACAS Dr Ross Woods

Adult Learning Australia Francesca Beddie

Adult Learning Australia Jim Nicholls*

Ai Group Megan Lilly

AMES Victoria Lynn Wallace Clancy

ANTA Industry Team Andre Lewis

Aspire Training & Consulting Carmel Byrne

Australian Asphalt Pavement Association Richard Culliford Australian Disability Training Advisory Council Julie Mackey Australian Indigenous Training Advisory Council Anne Maree Walker BCA Training and Development Services Pty Ltd Bob Cooper

Brett Products Greg Pennman

Charles Sturt University Assoc Prof Erica Smith

Chisholm Institute Alan Daniel

Commonwealth Dept Education, Science & Technology Murray Judd Commonwealth Dept Environment & Heritage Joan Cornish

Commonwealth DIMIA Margaret Milne

Communication in Education and Training Rosa McKenna Competency Based Trainers, Tasmania David Castle Construction Material Processors Association Ron Kerr

CREATE Australia Marie Manidis

Curriculum Council of WA Rees Barrett

David J Foreman & Associates David Foreman

Dept of Defence Lt. Margaret Lake

Douglas Mawson Institute of Technology, SA Philip Hadley

Education for Development Luis Gonzalez

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Educational Living Pty. Ltd. Lisa Brodie

EE-Oz Training Standards Tony Palladino

ELAN Learning Options Kathi Eland

FNQ Indigenous Consortium Jenni Harmony

Forest and Forest Products Employment Skills Company Sally Baker

FSU Employment Angela Jolic

Global Recognition Agency Ian Morris

Gordon Institute of TAFE Denise Bell

Gowrie Training Centre Ann-Marie Hudson

Griffith University Gavin Moodie

Holmesglen Institute of TAFE Gordon Dickson

Housing Industry Association Lawrie Kruize

Hunter Institute of TAFE Michael Aderman

Information Industry Training Council Andrew Lindhjem

James Cook University Robert Pyne*

KVB Institute of Technology Prof Tony Shannon

Leederville Campus Central TAFE Tim Riessen

Leigh Olson & Associates Leigh Olson

Maritime Training Services Pty Ltd Brian Turner


National Mining ITAB Des Caulfield

Moreton Institute Advisory Council Malcolm Chisholm Coca-Cola Amatil (Aust) Pty Ltd Avis Williamson National Occupational Health & Safety Commission Wayne Artuso

National Volunteer Skills Centre Graeme Dobson

NATWRAPS Kate Senior

Network of Community Activities Leone Cripps

Nirrumbuck Aboriginal Corporation Dennis Batty

Noel E Miller & Associates Noel Miller

North Coast ACE Jim Nicholls NMIT - Primary Industries CMM Gay Gallagher Northern Territory Open Education Centre Megan Spiers NSW Dept of Education and Training Geoff Speers NSW Dept of Education and Training, TAFE NSW Karen Harris NSW Dept of Education and Training, TAFE NSW Kim Peterson NSW Dept of Education and Training, Graham Brophy TAFE Strategic Services Unit

NSW Dept of Environment & Conservation Frouke de Reuver

NSW TAFE Commission Board Julian Garcia

NT Cultural, Recreation & Tourism Training Advisory Council Catherine Curry NT Dept of Education and Training Peter Plummer

Northern Territory University Bernadine Atkinson

National Workplace Training Sue Wallace

Partners in Grain (NSW Vic Tas) Inc Nickie Berrisford

Perth Training Jeff Harding

Public Sector Development Queensland Inc Janine Hancox

Public Sector Training (ITAB) Alan Ross

Pulp & Paper Industry Skills Development Unit Sue Richter Queensland Commissioner for Fair Trading Matt Miller

Queensland Community Arts Network Audrey Hutchinson

Queensland Council of Unions Peter Ruhanen

Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission Sonja Pedler

Queensland Health Paul Stafford

Queensland Department of Corrective Services Bev Burge Queensland Dept Natural Resources & Mines Peter Dent

Queensland Dept of Employment and Training Richard Campbell*

Queensland Dept of Employment and Peter Eickenloff Training—Licensing line national projects

Queensland DET Chris Robinson

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Queensland Police Peter Silk

(Corporate Service Education & Training Unit)

Queensland Studies Authority Kim Banikoff

Queensland Studies Authority Ian Fyfe

Queensland Training & Employment Board Barry Smith

RAFF Defence Forces Shaun MacFadyen

Rail Infrastructure Corporation, NSW Eugene Tse

Red Cross Queensland Dan Kearns

Restaurant & Catering Association of Victoria John Chalker

RTCA Shannon Brown*

Rural Training Council of Australia Judith Nettleingham

SA DFEEST Ann Doolette

SA DFEEST Elisabeth Owers

Schefenacker Vision Systems Australia. Gary Rayner

Skillsoft Sharon Wilks

Software Publications Pty Ltd Max Johnson

South East Institute of TAFE, SA Paul Hart

Southbank Institute of TAFE Neil Appo

Southern Edge Training Emma MacCulloch

Spencer TAFE Jeff Poole

SSABSA Rod Bauer

SSABSA Janet Keightley

Swan TAFE WA Geoff Hawke

Swinburne University of Technology Judith Bissland

TAFE Directors Australia Margaret Fanning

Take Another Look Tamara Slattery

Tasmania Building & Construction ITB Peter Coad

Tasmanian Government Paula Steenholdt*

Tasmanian Government Trish McCullough

TDT Australia Gerard Langes Textile Rental & Laundry Assoc VIC Paul Newberry

TMI Management Solutions Nicola Burridge

Trison Business College Cheryl Whittenbury

University of Ballarat (TAFE Division) Virginia Fenelon

University of Sydney Carol O’Donnell

Urban Systems Training Carole Petchell

Victoria Dept of Education and Training Patricia Neden Victoria University of Technology Belinda McLennan Visionary & Enterprising Management Colin Shearing

WA Academy of Performing Arts John Fisher

WA Dept of Education & Training Neil Fernandes WA Dept of Education and Training Cheryl Wiltshire*

WA TAFE William Muller*

Winetac Sarah Pearson

Wodonga TAFE Bill Daly

Workplace Health and Safety Queensland Judy Bertram

[Individual submission] John Youngman

[Individual submission] Jenny Christie

[Individual submission] Allan Pitter

[Individual submission] Karen Plane

[Individual submission] John Hatch

* Although submissions marked * originated from an organisation, the submission indicated that they were made in a ‘personal’ or ‘individual’ capacity.

>> Annexes

Annex 7. List of Working Papers

These papers are available on the ANTA website: www.anta.gov.au

Working Paper 1.

The Training Package Model

Working Paper 2.

Training Packages today

Working Paper 3.

Training Package Design

Working Paper 4.

Training Package Development and Review

Working Paper 5.

Training Package Qualifications

Working Paper 6.


Working Paper 7.

Supporting quality teaching, learning and assessment

Working Paper 8.

The change environment

Working Paper 9.

Bibliography and References

Annex 8. Bibliography and References

1 Australian Qualifications Framework Advisory Board (AQFAB) (2002) Implementation Handbook Third Edition, Melbourne

2 AUSTAFE (2003), National Conference proceedings, Barossa Valley, 13 – 15 August

3 Australian Disability Training Advisory Council (ADTAC) (2003) Mid-Term Review of the Blueprint for Implementation of Bridging Pathways - Advice to the ANTA Board

4 Australian Indigenous Training Advisory Council (AITAC) (2003), Mid-Term Review of the Blueprint for Implementation of Bridging Pathways - Advice to the ANTA Board

5 Australian National Training Authority (2002) A Licence To Skill: The Implications of Industry Licensing for the Implementation of Training Packages (Stenning and Associates Pty Ltd in conjunction with Peter Noonan Consulting Pty Ltd) 6 Australian National Training Authority (2003a) Analysis of the Mid Term

Indigenous Blue Print Report (Clair Andersen),

7 Australian National Training Authority (2003b) High Level Review of Training Packages: Phase 1 Report. OVAL Research, University of Technology, Sydney

8 Australian National Training Authority (2003c) High Level Review of Training Packages: Phase 2 Report, October

9 Australian National Training Authority (2003d) Key Equity Issues for ANTA’s High Level Review of Training Packages

10 Australian National Training Authority (2003e), Summary of report of ANTA funded project to trial employability skills in Training Packages

11 Australian National Training Authority (2003f) A snapshot of experiences of national enterprises with Training Packages, National Client Assistance Team, October

12 Australian National Training Authority (2003g) Style Manual for Training Package Endorsed Components

13 Australian National Training Authority (2004a) Draft Training Package Development Handbook

14 Australian National Training Authority (2004b) Success and Wastage in VET, internal working paper

15 Billett, S. (2002) Co-participation at work: Understanding learning through work, NCVER

>> Annexes

16 Billett, S.(2003) Submission No.38 to the Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee Inquiry into Current and Future Skill Needs

http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/eet_ctte/skills/submissions/sub038.pdf 17 Birnbaum, R. (1991) How colleges work: The cybernetics of academic

organization and leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

18 Blythe, A. (2004) Australian vocational education and training statistics:

Training packages, NCVER, Adelaide


19 Clayton, B.. Blom, K., Meyers, D. and Bateman, A. (2003) Assessing and certifying generic skills: what is happening in vocational education and training?

Adelaide: NCVER

20 Coase, P. and Evans J. (2001) Understanding Student Segments in VET, http://www.training.wa.gov.au/resources/docs/Understanding%20Student%


21 Cullen, J. et al. (2002) Review of Current Pedagogic Research and Practice in the Fields of Post-Compulsory Education and Lifelong Learning, Final Report (Revised) submitted to the Economic and Social Research Council by The Tavistock Institute, London

22 Dawe, S. (2002) Focusing on generic skills in Training Packages.

Adelaide: NCVER

23 Department of Education, Science & Training (2002a) Employability Skills for the Future, DEST, Canberra

24 Department of Education, Science & Training (2002b) Varieties of Learning:

The Interface between Higher Education and Vocational Education and Training, DEST, Canberra

25 Down, C. M. and J. Stewart (2001) "Supporting the implementation of Training Packages at RMIT", paper to Knowledge Demands for the New Economy, Parkroyal Surfers Paradise, Gold Coast, Queensland, Centre for Learning and Work Research, Faculty of Education, Griffith University 26 Down, C. M. (2002) Strategic evaluation of the qualitative impact of the

introduction of Training Packages on vocational education and training clients.

Melbourne, Australian National Training Authority

27 Down, C.M. (2003a) "Training Packages: The learning journey to date", paper to AVETRA Conference 2003

http://www.avetra.org.au/abstracts_and_papers_2003/refereed/Down.pdf 28 Down, C.M. (2003b) " Qualitative Impact of Training Packages: What might

we learn about substantial system-wide change processes?" International Journal of Training Research, Vol 1, no 2, pp 1-20.

29 Foyster J, Hon Kok Fai & Shah, C. (2000) Student flows through Australian TAFE Courses, NCVER Adelaide

30 Gonczi, A. (2001) Research Paper 1, prepared for the review of product research and development within TAFE NSW, TAFE NSW, July

31 Gray, J.(2003) ANTA Think Piece: The Small Business Sector and the Training Package Model

32 Gunning, D. (1999) Reflections on the Future - a View from Afar, prepared for the Australian National Training Authority, September

33 Hager, P. "Ensuring Workplace Competence in an Outcomes-based VET System: A Discussion Paper", University of Technology, Sydney, 2000

34 Hager, P. (2003) "Why We Need to Refurbish Our Understanding of Learning – The Strange Case of Competence", paper presented to Conference on Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Griffith University, University of Technology Sydney

35 International Labour Office (2003) "Learning and training for work in the knowledge society" (White Report)

36 Kearns, P. (2004) "VET in the 21st Century Global Knowledge Economy: An Overview of International Developments in Vocational Education and Training", Think Piece prepared for the High Level Review, ANTA

37 Kearns, P. & Cameron, B.(2003) Strategic Evaluation for the ANTA National Training Quality Council of the Relationship between VET, Schools and Higher Education AQF Qualifications, ANTA, October 2003

38 KPA Consulting Pty Ltd (2003) Quality in VET in Schools Project: Final Report.

39 Lindhjem, A.(2003) Shared Technology: A roadmap for traditional and emerging industries to 2008, prepared for the Western Australian Information,

Electrotechnology & Utilities Industry Training Council, ANTA

40 Long, M., & Fischer, J.(2002) "Leading edge enterprise: insights into

employment and training practices", Melbourne: Centre for the Economics of Education and Training


41 McDonald, R. & 7 others (2000) The transition from initial education to working life. A Status Report on Australia’s progress, ANTA

42 Mitleton-Kelly, E. & Papaefthimiou, M-C.(2000) "Co-evolution of diverse elements interacting within a social ecosystem" paper to FEAST 2000 International Workshop on ‘Feedback and Evolution in Software and Business Processes’, Imperial College, London, UK, July 10-12 2000, London School of Economics 43 Moran, L. and Yoni, Y.(2003) The Australian Quality Training Framework and

Globalisation of Training Markets, ANTA