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Education Studies

Bachelor of Education (Primary)

471-231 EDUCATION STUDIES B Credit points: 20.0

Staff: Frank Hindley.

Prerequisites: Experience in schools; completion of studies providing an introduction to schools, teaching, curriculum issues and ideas in education.

Contact: A 2-hour class and a `common hour' each week for lecture sessions and study group meetings.

The approach emphasises student participation. ( Two semesters.)

Content: Under a theme (such as Education and Democracy) examination of methods of inquiry, theories, ideas and explanations which help to understand the functioning of school systems and schools and the behaviour and concerns of all those involved.

Assessment: Satisfactory completion of all items of assessment: up to 1500 words of written minor exercises associated with classwork; up to 3000 words of major assignment(s); contribution to a study group presentation; a 1500-word personal summative statement based on notes compiled throughout the year. Minimum 80 per cent attendance. Assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

471-307 EDUCATION STUDIES C50:

PROJECT STUDIES IN EDUCATION Credit points: 11.1

Staff: Graham Clunies-Ross, Clifford Penniceard.

Prerequisites: 11.1 points in Education Studies.

Students intending to undertake both this subject and School Studies D10 should gain approval to enrol in both subjects from the lecturers prior to enrolment.

Contact: Group seminars and individual consultations as required. (First or second semester.) Content: Students are assisted to plan, develop and carry out an individual or group project study which is related to, and an extension of, their educational work or interests. Students are expected to present their work at class seminars. Contracts will be negotiated with the staff available for the subject, and each student will be allocated a staff member to assist with advice on the student's project.

Assessment: Participation in class seminars;

presentation of an individual or group progress report on the project; a 3000 to 4000-word final project report or negotiated equivalent. Assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

The Institute of Education 143 471-412 EDUCATION STUDIES D1:

STUDYING CONTEXTS AND ISSUES IN SCHOOLS

Note: To qualify for the award of BEd (Primary), students must complete this subject or Education Studies D2.

Credit points: 33.3 Staff: Geoff Poynter.

Special requirements: Students should be working in, or have access to, a primary school. Students proceeding directly to fourth-year studies from the third year of the BEd (Primary) course will have school placements equivalent to two days a week, which will be arranged by the Institute.

Prerequisites: 20.0 points in Education Studies.

Students who have already undertaken Education Studies C50 must obtain special approval to enrol in this subject. Credit will not be granted for both this subject and Education Studies D2.

Contact At least 48 hours in workshop/seminar/

tutorial sessions, a directed reading program, school- based investigation and report preparation. (Two semesters.)

Content: An opportunity to study aspects of the broad social, historical, political and economic context within which schooling takes place.

Assessment: Satisfactory workshop attendance;

exercises totalling approximately 2000 words; a literature survey of up to 2000 words on a relevant aspect of the project; a progress report of approximately 1000 words on the project; oral reports to fellow participants; a final research project report of approximately 5000 words or equivalent.

Assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

471-457 EDUCATION STUDIES D2:

STUDYING CONTEXTS AND ISSUES IN SCHOOLS

Credit points: 22.2 Staff: Geoff Poynter.

Special requirements: Students should be working in, or have access to, a primary school.

Prerequisites: 31.1 points in Education Studies. This subject is available only to students who enter the fourth year of the BEd (Primary) course requiring only 22.2 points in Education Studies to qualify for the award. Students who have already undertaken Education Studies C50 must obtain special approval to enrol in this subject. Credit will not be granted for both this subject and Education Studies D1.

Contact At least 48 hours in workshop/seminar/

tutorial sessions, a directed reading program, school- based investigation and report preparation. (Two semesters.)

Content: As for Education Studies D1.

Assessment: Attendance at all classes; exercises totalling approximately 2000 words; a literature survey of up to 1000 words on a relevant aspect of the project; an oral progress report on the project; a final research project report of 4000 words or equivalent.

Assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

Bachelor of Education (Secondary)

Note: Under the Regulations for the BEd (Secondary) Course, each student is required to take a minimum of 116.7 points in Group 4 Education subjects, as a sequence of studies taken over three years.

Year 2 Education B 16.7 points Year 3 Education C 33.3 points Year 4 Education D 66.7 points

The sequence of Education subjects (each incorporating School Experience) was revised in 1988 and the new sequence was introduced in 1990 for implementation as follows:

1990 Education B11 22.2 points 1991 Education C11 33.3 points 1992 Education D11 61.2 points

Within Education B11, C11 and D11, studies are approached by theme and topic. The themes for each year are:

Year 2 Education B11 Classrooms, Schools and Society Year 3 Education C11 Learning and

Teaching Year 4 Education Dll The Professional

Teacher in the School Community

Studies in particular Methods of Teaching are formally undertaken as part of Education D11 (see subject details), but students are introduced to the skills and concepts of particular teaching areas in Education C11 within the general theme of Learning and Teaching. Practice teaching in School Experience is undertaken in both Education C11 (normally Year 3) and Education D11 (Year 4). School Experience in Education B11 (Year 2) is oriented towards inducting the student into schools and the general role of the teacher. The revision of Education B I1, in particular, is intended to include within this general induction an introduction to the role of the teacher in the classroom and some formal experience in the classroom. The Education subjects involve a sequential development of understanding and competence in the role, knowledge and skills of the beginning teacher and are taken concurrently with discipline-based subjects.

144 The University of Melbourne Prospectus and Handbook 1992 — Volume Four 471-230 EDUCATION B11:

CLASSROOMS, SCHOOLS AND SOCIETY Credit points: 22.2

Staff: Kevin Hall; School and Field Experience: Flora Osorio.

Prerequisites: Minimum of 66.7 points credit in the course.

Contact:: Education Studies approximately 210 hours; School Experience 70 hours. Students must allocate a block of four hours each week to group activities and community experience. Teaching methods are interactive, including: lectures, discussions, seminars, workshops, guest speakers, films, videos, and excursions. Students will have opportunities to initiate and lead a number of activities. All students will undertake community research/enquiry in connection with the study of social division. (Two semesters.)

Content: Classrooms, schools and society.'

Education Studies Classroom practice, the structuring of knowledge in schools, and social division, particularly focusing upon the processes of teacher- student and student-student communication, and on some basic teaching styles and strategies.

Consideration of the ways in which curricular decisions are implemented in the classroom. An understanding of how knowledge is structured in the curriculum of schools, allied with an understanding of societal contexts, assists student-teachers in developing criteria for making judgements about curriculum within their own subject and in contributing to decisions at the whole school level.

These understandings develop through consideration of various types of school curriculum, the values and assumptions on which they are based, and the conceptual and organisational structures by which they are implemented within a school. Further educational issues arise out of the study of social division. Class, gender, ethnicity, disability and age can affect students access to, and success in, education.

Investigation of these issues increases awareness of societal influences and their potential effects upon school students and teachers.

School Experience A total of 10 days school experience undertaken in a primary and a secondary school, usually as two blocks, but a one day a week program is available for a limited number of students.

The school experience integrates with the Education Studies component of the course as an induction to teaching. In particular school experience provides opportunities: to observe teachers and students at work; to observe actual examples of school curricula and the societal contexts in which they operate; to commence the process of developing skills of communicating with and assisting the learning of students; and to judge whether the role of a teacher is appropriate for themselves. In the secondary schools, student-teachers will observe teachers and

students at work, and assist teachers in a teacher- aide role. In primary schools students will, in addition to observing and assisting teachers, work with individual students and small groups of children. In both primary and secondary schools, student-teachers will meet with key school personnel to discuss the community in which the school is situated as well as the curriculum and organisation of the school.

Assessment: Satisfactory participation in and completion of 10 days of School Experience;

satisfactory completion of exercises and assignments totalling approximately 6000 words or equivalent.

Minimum 80 per cent attendance at scheduled classes and field work. Assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

471-331 EDUCATION C11:

LEARNING AND TEACHING Credit points: 33.3

Staff: Bill Stringer.

Pre or Corequisites: Satisfactory completion of Education B11 and at least 150 points credit in the course. Students should have completed or be currently undertaking the prerequisite subjects for the Methods of Teaching in Education D11.

Contact: Education Studies: 280 hours;

approximately 11 hours a week, including two 2- hour lecture/seminars. School experience: 140 hours (four weeks) as 2 x 2-week blocks. Staff from the School of Education and from other Schools of the Institute relevant to junior secondary teaching cooperate in the teaching of the subject. (Two semesters.)

Content: Learning and Teaching. Each student chooses a teaching area appropriate to Years 7-10 which provides a context for their exploration of learning and teaching. Students negotiate and plan much of the detail of their course within the framework of the areas/issues detailed below.

Education Studies The secondary student and learning; classroom planning, including preparing lessons, and locating, developing and using appropriate resources; learning styles and processes, including the role of language in learning across the curriculum; communication skills, especially those related to the classroom, e.g presentation and reception skills, inter-personal skills; teaching strategies, especially designing strategies to handle the range of differences in the classroom, e.g., negotiation, cooperative learning, `mixed ability' strategies; purposeful classroom management, including the development of positive relationships and considerations of options for action; assessment of pupils and methods of reporting; evaluation of programs including the students' own teaching; and the curriculum of the secondary school.

School Experience A total of four weeks of school experience (two blocks of two weeks each in the same school), including supervised classroom

The Institute of Education 145 teaching, normally at Years 7-10. The first block

provides an induction to the classroom through observation and some teaching. The second block provides the opportunity for more intensive teaching, building on the experience of the first two weeks and applying the education studies understandings gained in the interim period.

Assessment Minimum 80 per cent attendance and participation in seminars, workshops, field experiences, and visits to schools; satisfactory completion of the 20 days School Experience and Evaluation program; written work totalling about 8000 words or equivalent. Assessment is on a Pass/

Fail basis.

471-453 EDUCATION D11:

THE PROFESSIONAL TEACHER IN THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY

Credit points: 61.2 Staff: Roger Hewitt.

Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of Education C11 and at least 250 points credit in the course.

Method Study prerequisites: sufficient points in subject areas to be eligible to undertake selected Methods of Teaching.

Contact: Education Studies Approximately 365 hours; on average, four hours a week of classes, excluding periods of School Experience (in-class time is reduced if Education Studies and School Experience are undertaken concurrently).

Negotiated learning programs including core seminars, elective studies and individually contracted studies. Students can select a style in which they prefer to work; details of program operation are provided by the subject Coordinator at the end of the previous year. Each student's program is monitored to ensure that an appropriate balance of studies is undertaken during the year.

Methods of Teaching Approximately 170 hours;

usually two class hours each week for 14 weeks, but variations occur, particularly in Science and Mathematics and in Economics. Most Methods of Teaching are offered as full methods entailing 84 hours, including 28 class contact hours.

School Experience 235 hours (35 days, seven school weeks); taken either as two block teaching rounds (one in each semester) or concurrently, e.g., two days a week for 17 or 18 weeks. (Two semesters.) Content This subject has three major components:

Education Studies; Methods of Teaching; and School Experience.

Education Studies Using an integrative approach the following areas/issues are explored: further studies in human development and learning with particular reference to the psychology and social environment of the adolescent; the role of the teacher and the role of the learner - legal issues, ethical

issues, consensus, rights and obligations, conflicts, legitimating of authority; parent and community involvement in schooling and education; the role of schooling in society - socialisation, selection, the legitimating of knowledge, inequality; education and social change - school and work, the dynamics of social, technological and institutional change, forces for change in schooling, including those related to sexism, multiculturalism and social class and other disadvantaged groups in society, e.g., the disabled and Aboriginal groups; curriculum design and planning with specific references to decision-making and curriculum development in school communities;

working with others as part of a team planning school programs; skills to handle educational initiatives addressing the issues of access and success in schooling, including integration of the disabled and other disadvantaged groups; current changes in structures, curriculum, etc. in Victorian schools.

Methods of Teaching The equivalent of two methods of teaching, as detailed at the end of the Education Dl i description.

School Experience A planned program of supervised practice teaching (a total of 35 days within at least two secondary schols), developing from the school experience and the studies in Teaching and Learning in Education C11. Students assume gradually more responsibility for planning and presenting subject units and for the work of particular groups of children.

Programs are designed to provide the opportunity for students to participate in a range of teaching situations, including different age levels and special groupings, and to develop and employ a variety of teaching skills. At the same time, students develop further their understanding of the operation of the school as a whole.

Assessment: Students must satisfactorily complete each item of assessment. Assessment is on a Pass/

Fail basis.

Education Studies satisfactory attendance and participation in seminars and fieldwork; seminar papers, electives, assignments and contracted studies as negotiated, totalling 10 000 words or equivalent.

Methods of Teaching Satisfactory assessment in the equivalent of two full methods, based on attendance and participation in seminar sessions and the completion of written work totalling approximately 4000 words or equivalent for each method. Detailed assessment requirements are listed under each Method of Teaching.

School Experience Satisfactory completion of 35 days of approved School Experience in Education D. A pass in Education D11 is dependent on the satisfactory completion of School Experience.

Bachelor of Science Education

The sequence of Education subjects for students enrolled in the BScEd course is: Education B00

146 The University of Melbourne Prospectus and Handbook 1992 — Volume Four (replaced by Education B11) Education COO

(replaced by Education C11) and Education C10 (replaced by Education D11).

Methods of Teaching Studies in Education C11 and Education D11

Methods of Teaching studies, totalling approximately 100 hours of class time, form part of Education C11 and Education D11. Students are normally required to select methods from the following:Junior Science, Junior Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Computer Studies, Geography, Physics, Senior Mathematics. These are organized in three groups, as shown below:

• Group 1: 471-856 Junior Mathematics A, 471- 867 Junior Science A.

• Group 2: 471-839 Biology, 471-840 Chemistry, 471-872 Information Technology, 471-850 Geography, 471-864 Physics, 471-858 Senior Mathematics.

• Group 3: 471-841 Computer Studies, 471-855 Further Studies in School Mathematics, 471-866 Further Studies in School Science, 471-851 Geography, 471-857 Junior Mathematics B, 471- 868 Junior Science B.

Students in the BScEd course choose one of the Group 1 methods (471-867 Junior Science A or 471- 856 Junior Mathematics A), and study it during both third and fourth years, as a component of Education C11 and Education D11.

In Education D11, students choose at least one method from Group 2 and usually one method from Group 3, while completing the classes in the Group 1 method from the previous year.

Descriptionsof the method studies follow the subject description for Education Dl i (BEd (Secondary)).

Details of Method of Teaching Studies

Note: Students undertake the equivalent of two methods of teaching, involving a program of at least 60 class hours (the equivalent of two hours a week for a total of 15 weeks for each method). There are variations to this in Economics and Commerce and Science and Mathematics, and in several other methods.

Methods of Teaching make a direct contribution to the strengthening of professional competence commenced in Education B11 and C11 and in general aim to:

• acquaint students with a wide range of teaching materials, strategies and curriculum ideas so that they in turn can select those which are consistent with their own developing educational philosophies and their own capacities;

• indicate both the unique and interdisciplinary

nature of various curriculum areas;

• suggest the practical ramifications of educational theory;

• develop enthusiasm for, and competence in, teaching and learning;

• indicate recent developments in the practice of teaching, particularly those addressing issues of access and success for all in learning;

• encourage students to evaluate critically their assumptions about methods of teaching.

Broadly there are six main categories into which any program can be divided, though these divisions may not be considered separately: philosophical, psychological, sociological issues; teaching approaches and techniques; teacher-pupil interaction; language, literacy and the learner;

curriculum issues; resources for learning.

School Experience provides students with the opportunity of implementing and evaluating Method work developed in Institute sessions. Consequently, Methods of Teaching and School Experience are closely related components of a student's course and are taken concurrently.

Methods of Teaching Available (S = half method only)

Business Studies:

471-836 Accounting*

471-833 Business Management*

471-871 Commerce by Contract*

471-874 Commerce in Society*

471-844 Economics*

471-873 Information Management*

471-853 Legal Studies*

471-842 Middle-School Commerce*

471-843 Drama 471-427 English

471-428 English as a Second Language 471-850 Geography

471-851 Geography (Environmental Science)*

471-429 History

471-859 Languages other than English (Single Method)

471-860 Languages other than English (Double Method)

471-854 Library and Information Studies 471-849 Media Arts

Music:

471-861 Music: Classroom (Single Method) 471-862 Music: Classroom (Double Method) 471-863 Music: Instrumental

471-801 Politics 471-865 Psychology Science and Mathematics:

471-839 Biology*

147 471-840 Chemistry*

471-841 Computer Studies*

471-848 Environmental Science*

471-855 Further Studies in School Mathematics*

471-866 Further Studies in School Science*

471-872 Information Technology*

471-856 Junior Mathematics A 471-857 Junior Mathematics B*

471-867 Junior Science A 471-868 Junior Science B*

471-864 Physics*

471-858 Senior Mathematics*

471-430 Social Studies Business Studies

Each unit occupies the equivalent of one hour a week throughout the year, except during block periods of School Experience.The Involvement Time for each unit is 42 hours.

Special Requirements: Double Method Students undertaking all their Method studies in the Business Studies area will select any four units from the eight available. Single Method Students undertaking the equivalent of only one Method component in the Business Studies area will select any two units from the eight available. These selections are subject to the following constraints: Unit of Middle-school Commerce is not available to those students who have satisfactorily completed Education Cl l (Middle School Commerce). Each unit will consider the basic teaching model: objectives, method, content, resources, and evaluation in terms of teaching and pupil learning within the area bounded by business studies education.

471-836 METHOD OF TEACHING:

ACCOUNTING Staff: Rob Steer.

Prerequisites: Accounting B11 and B22, or approved equivalent.

Contact: A 1-hour seminar each week for up to 18 weeks. ( Two semesters.)

Content: Topics include: VCE Accounting Study Design - personal accounting, single entry accounting forsmall business, double entry accounting forservice firms, and double entry accounting for trading firms;

planning lessons, topics and courses; strategies and methods of teaching and their applicability to Accounting; identification, development and evaluation of resources; VCE assessment expectations.

Assessment: Attendance and participation in classes;

assignments including production and classroom presentation of teaching/learning materials, and the preparation of a learning unit. Students must submit all assignment work and perform satisfactorily in all

areas of assessment. Minimum 80percent attendance.

Contributing to the result in Education D11, assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

471-833 METHOD OF TEACHING:

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT Staff: Rob Steer.

Prerequisites: Information Management B6 and one of Information Management B1, Cl and C2. Students may enrol in Information Management Cl, C2 in fourth year to meet the prerequisites.

Contact: A 1-hour seminar each week for up to 18 weeks. (Two semesters.)

Content:Topics include: VCE Business Management Study Design small business management, management and communication, human resource management, and corporate management; lesson and topic planning; course development; strategies and methods applicable to teaching Business Management; identification, development and evaluation of resources; VCE assessment expectations.

Assessment: Attendance and participation in classes;

assignments involving the critical evaluation of materials, research, seminar presentations, production and presentation of teaching/learning materials, and preparation of a learning unit. Students must submit all assignment work and perform satisfactorily in all areas of assessment. Minimum 80 per cent attendance. Contributing to the result in Education D11, assessment is on a Pass/Fail basis.

471-871 METHOD OF TEACIING:

COMMERCE BY CONTRACT

Note: This unit is not normally available, but in exceptional circumstances individual students may be allowed to undertake this subject. Inquiries should be directed to the Coordinator of Business Studies Methods.

Staff: Magdy Stephan.

Prerequisite: This unit is primarily designed for those students who are already enrolled in another method unit within Business Studies Education and are unable to enrol in any other unit. Other students wishing to enrol should discuss the matter with the Coordinator of Business Studies Methods.

Contact: Students are normally required to provide an outline of a contract proposal, hold regular discussions with the contract supervisor, and complete their contract. In exceptional circumstances a 1-hour seminar may be held each week for up to 18 weeks.

(Two semesters.)

Content: Subject to negotiation between the Lecturer-in-Charge and individual students.

Assessment: Satisfactory completion of the negotiated contract (100 per cent). Contributing to