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114. GENERAL НISTORY PART III Students taking this subject may choose one of the following

A. Modem European History.

B. Australian History.

C. Medieval European History. ( Not offered in 1984. )



A course of tutorial classes each week throughout the year, together with occasional lectures, a total of not more than three hours per week.


Students taking this subject are required to attend lectures in Modern History B.


A study of European History from 1815 to the early twentieth century, with special reference to France, Germany and Russia.


(a) Prescribed for preliminary reading:

Artz, E. B.—Reaction and Revolution. (Harper. ) (b) Recommended for reference:

Full reading guides will be distributed at the beginning of the year. See the book list of the subject Modern History B for works in paperback editions which students should consider buying.



The lectures in Australian History as for the ordinary degree, together with a weekly tutorial class throughout the year. An essay and written class papers will be required.


A general survey of Australian history along the lines set down for the pass subject, Australian History. In addition the class will undertake a detailed study, including documentary work, of selected periods or topics within the general fiеlд.


As for Australian History.


(Not offered in 1964)

A course of lectures and class discussions, not more than three hours per week.


Two or three subjects which can be studied mainly from original sources and which arise from history of Europe from the Investitures Contest to the Hundred Years War (1075-1339) will be studied: for example, reform movements in the Church, the Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Papacy under Innocent III, Italy in the age of Dante. General knowledge of the period is also required.


Preliminary reading:

Southern, R. The Making of the Middle Ages. (Arrow Books.)

A reading list of prescribed original sources and secondary works will b, available at the History office before the long vacation.


A seminar each week throughout the year. Students may be required to attend any lectures in General History part IV or other lectures given in the school bearing on the subject matter of the particular choice made by them from the subjects set out below.


One of the following:

(a) British History.

(b) Australian History.

(c) The Age of Dante.

(d) Modem European History.

(e ) American History.

(f ) Pacific Pre-History.

(g) Far Eastern History.

Teaching will be provided in some or all of these subjects according to the demand and the available staff. The student's choice of subject must be approved by the professor in charge of the department of History. The subjects to be available in the following year will be announced to Third Year students in their third term and they will be required to choose one of them before the close of their Third Year.

Work in General History part IV will take the form mainly of guided individual study accompanied by a discussion class. Descriptions of the available subjects and reading guides will be distributed to Third Year students.


A weekly discussion between members of the staff and honour students during the Third and Fourth Years. Theory and Method of History is designed to encourage reflection on the assumptions, the methods and the conclusions of historical study.

An introduction to the relevant topics will be given as a "General Reading Course" during the Third Year, and a paper on this will be set in part I of the final examination. The Third Year work will include some discussion of the problems of historical research.

In the Fourth Year students will be given an introduction to those branches of logic most relevant to the study of History, with special attention to the problems of ascertainment, explanation and interpretation. The programme may include an examination of some important Philosophies of History and of the relationship of History to other disciplines. Some attempt will be macle to assess the influence of theories about History on the practice of various historians.

Reading guides will be given to students during the Third and Fourth Years.


Fourth Year.

Bloch, M.—The Historian's Craft. (Manchester U.P. )

Walsh, W. 1.—An Introduction to Philosophy of History. (Hutchinsoris Univ.


•Соllingwоод, R. G.—The Idea of History. (O.U.P.) Stem, F.—The Varieties of History. (Meridian Books.)




Nature of Historical Explanation. (O.U.P.)



and Explanation in History. ( O.U.Р. ) MASTER OF ARTS B. SCHOOL OF HISTORY

Candidates will, under supervision, prepare a thesis on an approved subject. The length of the thesis must not exceed 50,000 words, excluding footnotes, bibliographies, and appendices which are transcriptions of relevant documents. They may be required to attend a research seminar throughout the year. They may be directed to take any subject or attend any lectures bearing on their work and will be required to write regular reports on the progress of their research.

Prospective candidates for the М.A. in the school of History should in all cases consult the department of History before beginning work for the purpose.

An entry form for examination for higher degrees must be submitted to the Registrar.

Three copies _ of each thesis ( quarto, typewritten, double-spaced ) should be submitted, one of which will be deposited in the University Library. The attention of candidates is drawn to the recommendations of the Professorial Board on the format of theses (regulation 4.6 in the University Calendar).


Senior Lecturer-in-Charge: Miss D. DYASON, М.Sе.

This discipline is concerned with the critical study of scientific concepts and theories. Sometimes the problems will be mainly historical, to consider the character and development of scientific ideas; sometimes the problems will be mainly logical, to discuss the presuppositions of science and the relation of experiment to theory.

Often problems will straddle the two fields. The emphasis varies in the different subjects taught, depending on what is considered most appropriate to the class of students concerned.


( Details for the honours degree are set out at the end of this section.) GROUPING

A History and Philosophy of Science subject may be counted as either a Group 4 or Group З subject, but if a student takes more than one H.P.S. subject in his course, they must all be considered as in the same group ( i.e. a sub-major or major in H.P.S. could not satisfy the requirements for both Group 3 and Group 4 except for combinations with Logic or Theory of Statistics.

There are four subjects available to students taking a pass Arts course and three of these may be taken as a major. History and Philosophy of Science I, II and III are designed specifically for Arts students. In these subjects the emphasis is largely historical, although logical criticism of the theories dealt with will be an important component. History and Philosophy of Science ( Science course) is designed primarily for B.Sc. students but is suitable as the third stage of a major for Arts students whose main interests are philosophical. Arts students intending to take H.P.S.

( Science course) are advised to consult the department.


1. H.P.S. I, H.P.S. II, H.P.S. III or H.P.S. (Science Course) or Logic.

2. H.Р.S. I, Theory of Statistics I, Theory of Statistics II.,


1. H.P.S. I, H.P.S. II.

2. H.P.S. I, Logic.

3. Group 4(c) subject, Н.P.S. (Science Course), provided a second subject in Group 4(c) has been passed.

For Sćience Students or Graduates who have passed in H.P.S. (Science Course) the following courses are available:

1. Group 4(c) subject, H.P.S. (Science Course), H.P.S. II.

2. H.P.S. (Science Course), H.P.S. II, H.P.S. III.


FACULTY OF ARTS HANDBOOK 3. H.P.S. (Science Course), H.P.S. II, Logic.

4. H.P.S. (Science Course), Theory of Statistics I, Logic.

and the following sub-majors:

1. H.P.S. çScience Course

, Logic.

2. H.P.S. (Science

Course), H.P.S. II.


The general aim of these subjects is to introduce students in the Arts faculty to the way scientists think and work. The method used is to study in detail selected writings of some of the scientists responsible for the development of new concepts.

This study will involve a discussion of the problems that had to be faced, the emergence of the new concepts necessary to solve these problems and the general


outlook and philosophy of the times dealt with.



course of three lectures and one tutorial per week. Part of the course will be devoted to a discussion of the nature of scientific explanation from Classical Greek to modern times. The main part of the course will be concerned with a detailed study of the development of selected scientific theories. These have been chosen because they are

1. comprehensible to students who have not had previous scientific and mathe- matical training and

2. are central to the overall development of science.

No scientific or mathematical knowledge will be presupposed in this course.

Such elementary science or mathematics as is rеquired to understand these theories will be taught by the department. The tuition will be concentrated into one of the three weekly lecture times. Students with adequate scientific and mathematical backgrounds will be exempted from this part of the course.

Written work will be required during the year.


The following or similar topics.

A. The history of Astronomy from Greek times to Kepler.

B. Changing views of scientific explanation and method.

C. Development of the concept of air pressure.

D. The history of Evolution and Genetics.


(a) Preliminary reading:

Beck, S. D.—The Simplicity of Science. ( Pelican. ) History of Science, A Symposium. (M.U.P., 1958.) Asimov, I.—Wellsprings of Life. ( Mentor, 1961.)

Butterfield, 1.—The Origins of Modern Science. ( Bell, 1957.) Koestler, A.—The Sleepwalkers, ( Hutchinson, 1959.)

(b) Prescribed textbooks:

•Roneoed Source Material issued by the Department.


T.—The Copernican Revolution. (Longmans, 1954, Random House paperback, 1959.)

*Darwin, C.—The Origin of Species. ( Mentor, 1958.)

Conant, J. B.—Science and Common Sense. (Yale Paperback.) (c) Recommended for continual reference:

Тoulmin, S., and Goodfieid, J.-Fabric of the Heavens. ( Hutchinson, 1960.) Crombie, A. C.—Augustine to Galileo. (Mercury Books, 1961.)

Nordenskjiold, E.—The History of Biology. ( Tudor, 1949.)

A further bibliography will be issued to all students enrolled in this subject.

EXAMINATION. Two 3-hour papers.


Students who have already made satisfactory progress towards their B.A. degree may apply in writing to the department for permission to take this subject externally.



A course of three lectures and two tutorials per week. One lecture and one tutorial per week will be devoted to the factual scientific content necessary for an under- standing of the historical material. Students who pass the initial or mid-year test will be exempted from further attendance at these classes.

The approach to this subject is similar to H.P.S. I, but involves a more ad- vanced study of the logic of the theories dealt with. These theories will be more sophisticated from a scientific point of view. The course will make extensive use of original sources and study the logical and conceptual problems that are raised.

Written work will be required during the year.


A selection from the following or similar topics.

1. Greek Dynamics.

2. Dynamics in the Middle Ages.

3. Rise of modern mechanics.

4. Theories of the structure of matter.

5. Gas chemistry, including its application to biological problems.

6. Theories of combustion.

7. Foundations of the atomic theory.



) Preliminary reading:

Conant, J. B.—The Birth of a New Physics. (Heinemann, 1981.) Jaffe, B.—Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry. ( Premier, 1957.) (b) Prescribed textbooks:

*Roneoed Source Material issued by the Department.

*Hall, A. R.—From Galileo to Newton. (Collins.)

*Stillman, J.


—The Story of Alchemy and Early Chemistry. (Dover, 1960.) (c) Recommended for continual reference:

Leicester, H. 1.—The Historical Background of Chemistry. ( Wiley, 1956.) :

Partington, J.


Short History of Chemistry. (2nd ed., Macmillan.) A further bibliography will


issued at the beginning of the year. A EXAMINATION. Two 3-hour papers.


Students who have already made satisfactory progress towards their B.A. degree may apply in writing to the department for permission to take this subject externally.

NOTE: Any student wishing to enrol for H.P.S. II who passed H.P.S. A or B at Part 1 level before 1962 must consult the head of department who will prescribe such variation in the Part II syllabus as may be necessary.