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till and class structure; the emergence of the party system of democratic govern- ment; the growth of state bureaucracy; the changing role of local government.

Particular attention will be paid to public health; education ( both schools and universities >; the maintenance of order and systems of penal detention; the Poor Laws and their "break up" in the early twentieth century; political and social thought and ways in which it may, or may not, be related to social change (Burke, Paine, Bentham, Mill, Disraeli, the Fabians); the role of the Churches and religious beliefs, and the challenge of science to religion; theories and practice of town planning considered in relation to the economic and social environment.

B. A special comparative study of the development of social welfare work as sponsored by both governments and voluntary bodies in Britain, the U.S.A. and Australia, with particular reference to the emergence of the profession of social work and the factors, responsible for its changing character from the late nineteenth century to the Second World War.


(a) Recommended for preliminary reading:

Trevelyan, G.


—English Social History. (Longmans. ) Plumb, J. H. England in the Eighteenth. Century. ( Penguin. ) Thomson, D.—England in the Nineteenth


(Penguin.) Disraeli,



(b) Recommended for reference ( section A only) :

Note: No textbooks are prescribed for this subject, but duplicated lists of references are issued to students from time to time, and at the beginning of each term the questions set for the weekly tutorials are issued with relevant reading for each. The following short list includes only major works of general reference.

Clark, G. Kitson—The Making of Victorian England. (Methuen.) Watson—The Reign of George III, 1760-1815. (Oxford.) Woodward—The Age of Reform 1815-1870. (Oxford.) Ensor, E. C. K.—England 1870-1914. (Oxford.) Briggs,


Age of Improvement. (Longmans.)


D. English

People in the Eighteenth Century. (Longmans. ) Young, G. M. (ed. )—Early Victorian England, 2 vols. (Oxford.)

Halevy, E.—A Нistогy of the English in the Nineteenth Century, 8 vols. (Benn.) Aspinall, A., and Smith, E. R.—English' Historical Documents, Vol. XI, 1783-

1832. (Еyrе & Spottiswoode. )

Young, G. M., and Handcock, W. D. —English Historical Documents, Vol. XII (i), 1833-1874. (Еyге & Spottiswoode. )

Cole, G. D. H., and Filson, A. W. (eds.


Working Class Movements, Select Documents, 1789-1875. (Macmillan.)

EXAMINATION. One 3-hour paper and essays as required.


Candidates for the degree with honours must also take four additional subjects, including part I or IA of a foreign language, and an approved major, in subjects other than those of the department of History, selected from subjects of the degree of bachelor of Arts, ordinary degree.

Note: (a) Except with the permission of the Faculty, no candidate for honours in school В may sit for examination without completing, by the set dates, the essay work prescribed and attending tutorial classes in the subjects of the school.

(b) The professor in charge of the department of History may in special cir cumstances allow a change at the end of the First Year in the supporting major so that the student completes the requirements with a sub-major in a different field.

(c) The professor in charge of the department of History may allow a student to take as his four additional subjects two sub-majors in foreign languages approved as relevant to his History course.

2. These subjects must be taken hi the following order, unless, because of special circumstances, the faculty allows the order to be varied:

First Year: (a) British History (hens) or Modern History A (hofs) . b) Ancient History part I (bons) .

c) The first part of an approved major (pass) . d) Part I or IA of a language other than English.

Second and (a) Three of Ancient History part II, General History part I, Third Years: General History part II and General History part III together with the Third Year work, the `General Reading Course' in Theory and Method of History. Two of these subjects are to be taken in the second year and the remaining subject in the third year. The selection and order of these subjects must be approved by the Professor in charge.

(b) The second and third parts of an approved major to be taken in the second and third years respectively.

Fourth Year. (a) Theory and Method of History.

(b) General History part IV.

(c) Final Honours Essay (to be approved during Third Year and begun in the long vacation).


(a) Students who have completed the First Year must be approved by the faculty of Arts as candidates for the degree with honours before entering the Second Year of the honour school. The department of History will normally recommend such approval for candidates who have gained first or second class honours in Ancient History part I and either British History or Modem History A. Candidates who have failed to gain first or second class honours in these subjects, but who wish to continue in the honour school, should interview the professor in charge, who will be guided in his recom- mendation by the merits of the case. Such students, if allowed to continue in the honour school, may be required to take special papers during their Second Year.

A student who has not attempted honours in these subjects but who, at the end of the First Year, wishes to enter the honour school, must make special application to the faculty through the mb-dean for permission to do so. If such permission is granted, the faculty will prescribe what further work must be completed before the student is allowed to proceed to the final examinations.

(b) Students may also be advised to attend other lecture courses which are regarded as relevant to their work.

Where the head of a language department approves, some variation of the reading generally prescribed in that language may be made to suit the needs or interests of students of History.

(c) The Second and Third Years of the honour course are regarded as forming a continuous whole. Candidates who, during their Second Year, have made satisfactory progress in the History subjects of this year, will be admitted to the Third Year of the school without formal examination in these subjects. Candidates whose progress in these subjects during


e first two terms is not for this purpose considered satis- factory will be notified during the third term that they must sit for an annual examination at the end of the Second Year. Unsatisfactory attendance at honours tutorial classes will for this purpose be regarded as evidence of unsatisfactory progress.



(d) It should be noted that General History part I may now be taken in the Third Year, and General History part IIIC (Medieval History) may now be taken in the Second Year. With this exception, General History part III must be taken in the Third Year. Note: General History part III C (Medieval History) will NOT be offered in 1964.

(e) Students may not take the Australian History alternative in General History part III or IV without having previously taken General History part II.

(f) The final examination is divided into two parts.

Part I is taken at the end of the Third Year and is counted together with Part II in assessing the final result. In the final assessment, however, weight is given to improvement shown during the Fourth Year. Part I consists of papers in each of the following: the 'General Reading Course' which comprises the Third Year work in Theory and Method of History, and three of Ancient History part II, General History part I, General History part II and General History part III. Part II of the final exami- nation is taken at the end of the Fourth Year and consists of papers in each of Theory and Method of History and General History part IV, together with an essay of not more than 9,000 words on an approved subject. The essay must be handed in. not later than the middle of the. August vacation of the Fourth Year. Students will be required to consult about subjects for the essay during the Third Year at times which will be announced; and work on the essay must be begun during the long vacation. Members of staff will not be available for consultation about the essay during the examination period in November and December, nor in January unless they individually indicate otherwise.

Students who have satisfied the examiners in part I of the final examination and who are unable to proceed to the Fourth Year may, with the approval of the faculty, be admitted to the degree of bachelor of Arts ( ordinary degree).

(g) The following course has been approved for students who intend to combine the school of History with a Law course (see (d) and (e) above):

First Year: British History (hens).

Ancient History part I (hens ).

Introduction to Leal Method.

Part I of a foreign language.

Second Year: General History part I General History part II Legal History.

Criminal Law and Procedure.

Third Year: General History part III Tort.

Principles of Contract.

Fourth Year: General History part IV

Theory and Method of History ( Fourth Year class only).

Principles of Property.

Fifth Year: As for Third Year Law.

Sixth Year: As for Fourth Year Law.



A course of lectures and tutorials as for the ordinary degree, together with one additional lecture per week, throughout the year.


As for the ordinary degree, together with a study of Athenian Imperialism in the fifth century B.C., with special reference to the relationship between demo- cracy and imperialism in Athens.


(a) Prescribed for preliminary reading:

Burn, A. R.—Pericles and Athens. (Teach Yourself History.) Bury, J. В.—History of Greece, chs. VIII-XI. (Macmillan.)

Hammond, N. G. L.-A Нistоry of Greece, Books ш-iv. (Clarendon.) 109


(b) Prescribed textbooks:


Тhucydides-History. ( Everyman.)

*Plutarch—Lives. 3 vols. ( Everyman.)

*Нerodotus—History. ( Everyman. )

A useful substitute for the Everyman translations of Herodotus and Thucydides is provided by Godolphin, F. R. B. (ed. )—The Greek


vols. I-II. (Random House, N.Y.) This contains translated texts other than the two historians, which are of value for the course in Ancient History part I, both pass and honours.

Further reading will be indicated in the lectures.


One 3-hour paper in addition to the paper or papers for the ordinary degree.


A course of lectures as for the ordinary degree, together with one additional lecture per week during two terms of the academic year.


As for British History in the ordinary degree together with a special study.

The previous special study of the period of the English Civil War will be suspended in 1964. In 1964 British History ( Ions) and Modern History A (Ions) will have the same syllabus. See" COMBINED SYLLABUS below.


A course of lectures as for the ordinary degree, together with one additional lecture per week during two terms of the academic year.


As for Modem History


in the ordinary degree, together with a special study.

In 1964 Modern History A ( Ions) and British History ( Ions) will have the same

syllabus. See COMBINED SYLLABUS below.