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A course of two lectures, and one tutorial class, throughout the year.


The course will consist of a study of certain philosophical topics as they present themselves in the works of representative mediaeval thinkers, e.g. the problem of universals, the body-soul problem, the philosophical proofs of the existence of God, logical theory, theory of knowledge. Emphasis will be placed upon critical examination of selected original texts. All texts will be studied in translation and knowledge of Latin is not essential.

Two essays are required of students in the course of the year.


(a) Recommended for preliminary reading:

Knowles, D.—The Evolution of Medieval Thought. (Routledge & Kegan Paul) Leff, G.—Medieval Thought. (Pelican.)

Fremantle, A.—The Age of Belief: The Medieval Philosophers. (Mentor.) Vignaux, P.—Philosophy in the Middle Ages. ( Burns, Oates, 1958.) ( b ) Prescribed textbooks:

Anselm, St. Proslogłon. (Roneoed translation.)

Abelard, P.—Logica `Ingredientibus'. (In Selections from Medieval Philosophers;

ed. R. McKeon, Scribners, 1957. )

Aquinas, St. Thomas—Introduction to Aquinas, ed. A. Pegis. ( Modem Library.) Scotus, John Duns—Philosophical Writings. ed. A. Wolter. (Nelson, 1961.) Ockham, William—Philosophical Writings. ed. P. Boehner. (Nelson, 1957.)

(c) Recommended for reference:

Gilson, E. History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages. (Sheed & Ward, 1953.)

Copleston, F.—A History of Philosophy. Vol. II, Augustine to Scotus; Vol. III, Ockham to Suarez. (Burns, Oates, 1950-3.)

EXAMINATION. One 3-hour paper.




( For possible combinations with this school see p. 223.)

1. The course for the degree with honours in the school of Philosophy comprises the following subjects:

Philosophy part I

Logic .


Modern Philosophy A Greek Philosophy

Kant's Critique of Pure Reason Political Philosophy

Contemporary Philosophy Aesthetics

Philosophical Psychology

in accordance with the details set out below, and for the ordinary degree. Candidates for the degree with honours must also take in addition either four pass subjects or two pass subjects and one honours subject.

2. In their First Year, candidates must take the honour course in Philosophy part I, together with three other subjects at pass standard,* or one other subject at pass and one at honours standard; including, in either case, a language other than English.

This year is regarded as a preliminary year of general study and students who have completed it must be approved by the faculty of Arts


candidates for the degree with honours before entering the Second Year of the honour school. The professor of Philosophy will normally recommend such approval for candidates who have gained first or second class honours in Philosophy part L Candidates who have failed to gain first or second class honours in this subject but who wish to continue in the honour school are advised to interview the professor of Philosophy, as he will be guided in his recommendation by the merits of the case.

Students who, without attempting honours, have passed in their First Year in Philosophy part I, and who at the beginning of their Second Year wish to enter the honour school, must make special application to the faculty through the sub-dean for permission to do so. The professor of Philosophy will recommend such permission if the standard reached in Philosophy part I was sufficiently high. Such students will be required to sit for and obtain honours in the special honours paper in Philosophy part I at the end of their Second Year.

In the Second Year of the course, students shall take the courses in Modem Philosophy A, Political Philosophy (pass), and a special course in Logic, consisting of Logic ( pass) and additional lectures in Symbolic Logic; together with one other subject, which shall be either History and Philosophy of Science I, or the second part of one of the additional subjects passed in the. First Year. There will be an examination in the Philosophy subjects, at honours standard, at the end of this year.

In the Third Year of the course, students shall take the courses in Greek Philosophy,* Contemporary Philosophy part I, Aesthetics, the pass course in Ethics, and the honours course in Logic. The first four of these subjects will be examined at the end of the year, at an independent examination which will not be regarded as the first part of the final examination.

In the Fourth Year, students shall take the honours courses in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Contemporary Philosophy II, Ethics, Political Philosophy and Philo- sophical Psychology. There will also be seminar groups in which there will be supplementary work in Logic, and a general study of selected philosophical problems.

The examination at the end of this year shall be the


honours examination.

Note: In addition to essays set for pass students in those pass courses which are.

prescribed for them, honours students are required to submit, during their Third and Fourth Years, three essays of about 3,000 words each, in their special capacity as honours students. Combined honours -students are required to submit two such essays.

They must be handed in on the dates specified by the head of the department, and may be considered in the determination of class at the Third Year examination and the final examination respectively.

*Any oneof.these subjects may be taken at honours standard.

ed eval Philosophy, Modern Philosophy B or Problems of Philosophy may be allowed in place


The final examination in the school of Philosophy shall consist of papers in the following subjects:

1. Logic.

2. Ethics.

3. Political Philosophy.

4. Kant's'Critique of Pure Reason.

5. Contemporary Philosophy part II.

6. Philosophical Psychology.

7. Essay paper.

The papers on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Contemporary Philosophy II, and Philosophical Psychology will cover in detail the work done in those courses during the Final Year. The papers in Logic, Ethics, Political Philosophy will be more general, and will be set to test the students' familiarity with each of those subjects as a whole.

The essay paper will consist of a single question chosen from a number of alternatives covering the main fields of philosophical study.

Candidates may also be required to attend an oral examination.

A combined course for the degree with honours in the school of Philosophy and the diploma of Social Studies has been approved. Details are Included in the Sоcial Studies Handbook.


I (Ions)

A course of one lecture per week, throughout the year, in addition to the lec- tures and tutorial for the ordinary degree.


As for the ordinary degree, together with a study of the main doctrines of Berkeley.


As for the ordinary degree, together with the following:

(a) Prescribed text:

«Berkeley—The Principles of Human Knowledge; Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonus. ( Both these are printed in the Everyman volume, New

Theory of Vision and. Other Writings.) (b) Specially recommended for reference:

Warnock, G.—Berkeley. (Pelican.)

(c) Recommended for reference as directed in lectures:

Dawes Hicks, G.—Berkeley. (Benn.)

Johnston, G. A. The Development of Berkeley's Philosophy. (Macmillan.) Moore, G. E.—Philosophical Studies. (Kegan Paul.)

Price, H. H. Perception. (Methuen.)

Hume, David—Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. (O.U.P.)

Broad, C. D.—"Berkeley's Argument Against Material Substance", in Pгоceedings of the British Academy, 1942.

EXAMINATION. One 3-hour paper in addition to the paper for thé ordinary degree.

117. SYMBOLIC LOGIC (For Second Year honours students) SYLLABUS

The rudiments of modern symbolic logic.


(a) Prescribed textbook:

To be announced later. '

Other references will be given in lectures.

EXAMINATION. One 3-hour paper.




(Ions )

One lecture-tutorial class per week for honours students in their Third Year.


As for the ordinary degree, together with a study of certain more advanced

logical topics.