A course of two lectures per week, and one tutorial class, throughout the year.
SУLLАВus. A study of the main currents of thought concerning political society from medieval times to the present day, having as its object a clearer understanding of political philosophies and ideologies in our own times.
Books. (a) Recommended for preliminary reading:
Lippman, W.—The Public Philosophy. (Mentor Books.) Radcliffe, Lord—The Problem of Power. (Comet Books.)
(b) Prescribed readings from the following texts:
1. Aquinas, St. Thomas—The Political Ideas of St. Thomas Aquinas, selections edited by D. Bigongiari. (Hafner, 1957.)
2 Hobbes, T.—Leviathian. (Everyman.)
3. Locke, 3.—Second Treatise of Civil Government. (Everyman.) 4. Rousseau, J. J. The Social Contract. (Everyman.)
5. Mill, J.S.—©n Liberty. (Everyman.)
6. Marx, K.—The Communist Manifesto. (Any ed.) Engels, F.—Socialism, Utopian and Scientific. (Any ed.) Lenin, N.—State and Revolution.
7. Pope Leo XIII—On the. Condition of the Working Class. (Rerum Novarum.) (Anyed.)
Pope Leo XIII—On the Christian Constitution of States. (Immortale Dei.) (Any ed.)-
Pope Pius XI—On Atheistic Communism (Divini Redemptoris). (Any ed.) 8. Niebuhr, R.—Christian Realism and Political Problems. (Faber, 1955.) 9. Berlin, I.—Two Concepts of Liberty. (O.U.P., 1958.)
(c) Recommended for reference : Field, G. C.—Political Theory. (Methuen, 1956.)
Mabbott, J. D.—The State and the Citizen. (Hutchinson.) Sabine, G. H.—History of Political Theory. (Harrap, 1937.)
Utley, T. E.—Documents of Modern Political Thought. (C.U.P., 1957.) 1. D'Entréves, A. P.—The. Medieval Contribution to Political Thought. (O.U.P.,
Lewis, E. K.—Medieval Political Ideas. (Routledge, 1954.) 2 . Bowle, J.—Hobbes and His Critics. (Cape, 1951.) .
Peters, R. Hobbes. (Pelican.)
Warrender, H.—The Political Philosophy of Hobbes. (O.U.P., 1951.) Machiavelli,
3.Gough, J. W.—John Locke's Political Philosophy. (O.U.P., 1950.) Gough, J. W.—The Social Contract. (O.U.P., 1951.)
A.—Rousseau and the Modern State.(Allen & Unwin, 1934.) Osborne, A. M.—Rousseau
and Burke.(0.U.P., 1940.) •
P.-Consent, Freedom and Political Obligation.(O.U.P., 1938.) Burke,
E.—Reflections on the French Révolution.(Everyman.)
5 Mill, J.
S.-Representative Government.(Everyman:) Plamenatz, J. Р.—English. Utilitarians. (Blackwell, 1949.) Devlin, P.—The
Enforcement of Morals.(O.U.P., 1959.) Stephen,
F.—Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.(London, 1874.) 6. Hegel, G.
W. F.—The Philosophy of Right.(O.U.P., 1942.)
Theory and Practice ofCommunism. (C.U.P., 1958.) Eastman,
M. Marxism-й it Science?(Allen & Unwin, 1941.)
Hook, S. Towards
the Understanding of Karl Marx.(Gollancz, 1933.).
Marx and the Marxists.(Anvil Books, 1955.).
I. Historical Inevitability.(O.U.P., 1954.) 7. Cronin, J. F:—Catholic
Social Teaching:(Bruce, 1950.)
Pope's New Order.(Burns, Oates, 1943.) Leder, J.-The
Two Sovereignties.(Burns, Oates, 1951.) Maritain,
J.—Man and the State.(Hollis and Carter, 1954.) 8. Eliot, T.
S.—The Idea of a Christian Society.(Faber, 1939.)
K.—Against the Stream.(N.Y., 1954.)
P.—The Protestant Era,(Chicago U.P., 1953.)
E.—The Social Thought of the World Council of Churches.(Longmans, 1956.)
9 Carr, E. H.—The
New Society.(Macmillan, 1951.) Lindsay, A. D. Essentials
of Democracy.(O:U.P., 1940.) Laslett,
P.—Philosophy and Politics.(Blackwell, 1957.)
EXTERNAL. &runes. Correspondence tuition is available in this subject.
EXAMINATION. One 3-hour paper.
PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY
A course of two lectures, with one tutorial class per week, throughout the year.
No correspondence tuition is at present available, but it is hoped to make it avail- able in the near future.
Svuлnus. The object of the course is to study directly certain. standing problems of philosophy as they arise in the ordinary way of experience. Problems rather than ideologies are its primary concern; but issues pertinent to con- temporary ideologies will constantly arise.
The course does not set out to review systematically all the main problems of philosophy; it proposes rather to select a
fewwhich are representative and important, and to deal with them thoroughly.
In 1961, the problems under consideration will be grouped as follows : (1) Those concerned with the connected notions of mechanism, causation, determinism, minds and bodies, freedom of will, and man's place in nature.
(2) Those concerned with the nature of perception and knowledge, especially in so far as views on this subject have affected views about the nature of things.
(3) Those concerned with reality and goodness: the status of "ideals"; the experience of evil ; "values" and deity ; the arguments bearing upon the existence of God; and, incidentally, the standing of reason in metaphysical inquiries in general.
Doous. (a) Preliminary reading:
Whiteley, C. 1.—An
Introduction to Metaphysics.(Methuen.)
or Ewing, A. C.—The
Fundamental Problems of Philosophy.(Routledge and Kegan Paul.)
(b) For_ closer consultation:
The above two books, together with : . Descartes,
R. Discourse on Method; Meditations.(Everyman.)
D. —A Treatise of Human Nature,Vol. I. (Everyman or any other ed.) Hume, D. An
Understanding.(Any ed.) Wisdom,
J. Problems of Mind and Matter.(С.U.Р.)
Morgan, C. Lloyd—Emergent
Evolution,Ch. I. (Williams and Norgate.) Cornforth,
M. Dialectical Materialism. (Lawrenceand Wishart.) Acton, H.
B.—The Illusion of the Epoch(Part I). (Cohen and West.) Hocking, W.
E.—The Self; its Body and Freedom.(Yale Univ. Press.) Broad, C.
D.—The Mind and its Place in Nature.(Kegan Paul.) Broad, C.
D.-Perception, Physics and Reality.(C.U.P.)
C.-Religion and the Moral Life.(Ronald Publishing Co.) Farrer,
A.—Finite and Infinite.(Dacre Press.) .
(c) For general consultation : Stout, G.
F.—Mind and Matter.(С.U.Р.)
J.—The Boundaries of Science.(Faber.)
Knowledge of theF_xterпal
World.(Allen & Unwin.) Ryle,
G.—The Concept of Mind.(Hutchinsons.)
J.—Language, Truth and Logic.(2nd ed., Gollancz.) Broad, C.
D.-Religion and the History of Philosophy.(Kegan Paul.) Garrigou-Lagrange—God:
His Existence and His Nature(tr. Dom Bede
Rose). (Herder Book Co.) Selected chapters.
C.-Is the Notion of Disembodied Existence Self-contradictory?(Prot Arist.
Campbell, C. A.—Is
Free-will a Pscudo-problemP(Mind, 1951.) Gibson, A. Boyce—Freedom.. (Aust. J. Psych. Phil., 1935.) Raphael, D.
D—Causation and Free-will.(Phil. Quart, 1952.)
C. Professor Ryle's Attack on Dualism.(Proc. Arist.
Soc.,1952-3.) Hardie, W. F.
R.-The Paradox of Phenomenalism.(Proc. Arist.
Gibson, A. Boyce—Preface
to a Future Metaphysic.(Aust. J. Psych. Phil., 1947.)
N.—Can God's Existence be Disproved?(Mind, 1948.) Wisdom, J.—Gods. (Proc. Arist.
(e) Special chapters in books:
Ross, W. D. Foundations of Ethics, Ch. 10. (О.U.P.) Peirce, C.
S.—Collected Papers,Vol. VI, Book II, Ch. 3.
J. Cook—Statement and Inference,Vol. II, pp. 835-67. (Rational grounds of Belief in God.)
EXAITNATION. One 3-hour paper.
A course of two lectures per week, and one tutorial class, throughout the
year. Essays will be set.
Svи.лвus. Pre-Socratic thinkers. Plato. Aristotle.
Booкs. (a) Prescribed text-books :
J.—Early Greek Philosophy.(Black.) Plato—Five
M. Plato's Theory of Knowledge.(Kegan Paul.) Aristotle—Basic
(b) Recommended for reference:
Guthrie, W. K.
C.—The Greeks and their Gods.(Methuen.) Cornford, F.
1. — From Religion to Philosophy.(Harper.)
Kirk, G. S., and Raven,
J. E.—The Pre-Socratic Philosophers. (C.U.P.)
Burnet, J.—Greek Philosophy, Part I, Thales to Plato. (Macmillan.) Nietzsche, F.—Early Greek Philosophy. (Vol. II of Collected Works.) Cherniss, H. F. Aristotle's Criticism of Pre-Socratic Philosophers. (Johns
Raven, J. E.-Pythagoras and Eleatics. (C.U.P.) Lee, H. D. P.—Zeno of Elea. (С.U.P.)
Cornford, F. M. Plato and Parmenides. (Kegan Paul.) Hardie, W. F.