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Summative external assessment (EA): Examination — combination

5.5 Assessment

5.5.2 Summative external assessment (EA): Examination — combination


Requirements: Examination — combination response

This examination is a combination of extended and short responses in English and Chinese related to three to six unseen Chinese stimulus texts. Chinese stimulus written text/s and

transcripts of 600–1000 characters in length, when combined. The Hànyǔ pīnyīn phonetic system should not be used in Chinese responses.

Criterion: Analysing Chinese texts in English and Chinese This criterion requires students to:

• respond to three to six Chinese stimulus texts, of which at least one is written, and one is audio or audiovisual, which are:

­ authentic

­ related to the Unit 4 subject matter

• respond in English and Chinese to unseen questions, scenarios and/or problems, e.g.

­ interpreting graphs, tables or diagrams

­ completing items requiring short and/or extended responses

­ responding to unseen stimulus texts

­ interpreting ideas and information in Chinese texts

• analyse, synthesise and evaluate questions, scenarios and/or problems in response to Chinese text/s

• write in full sentences, where appropriate, constructing a response so that ideas are maintained, developed and justified.

Criterion: Creating Chinese texts

Students respond in Chinese to unseen questions, scenarios, problems and/or Chinese stimulus.


• Time: 120 minutes plus 5 minutes perusal.

• Length:

­ responses in English

 written short answer responses, up to 100 words per item

 total response of 300–400 words

­ responses in Chinese

 written short and extended answer responses, up to 300 characters per item

 total response of 400–600 characters

• Resources: notes and reference materials are not permitted.

Instrument-specific marking guide

No ISMG is provided for the external assessment.

6 Glossary

Term Explanation


accomplished highly trained or skilled in a particular activity; perfected in knowledge or training; expert


the condition or quality of being true, correct or exact; freedom from error or defect; precision or exactness; correctness;

in science, the extent to which a measurement result represents the quantity it purports to measure; an accurate measurement result includes an estimate of the true value and an estimate of the uncertainty

accurate precise and exact; to the point; consistent with or exactly

conforming to a truth, standard, rule, model, convention or known facts; free from error or defect; meticulous; correct in all details additional language acquisition process by which a language other than a person’s native

language is learnt, including culturally appropriate communicative habits; also referred to as ‘second language acquisition’

adept very/highly skilled or proficient at something; expert adequate satisfactory or acceptable in quality or quantity equal to the

requirement or occasion


dissect to ascertain and examine constituent parts and/or their relationships; break down or examine in order to identify the essential elements, features, components or structure; determine the logic and reasonableness of information;

examine or consider something in order to explain and interpret it, for the purpose of finding meaning or relationships and identifying patterns, similarities and differences

applied learning

the acquisition and application of knowledge, understanding and skills in real-world or lifelike contexts that may encompass workplace, industry and community situations; it emphasises learning through doing and includes both theory and the application of theory, connecting subject knowledge and understanding with the development of practical skills

Applied subject

a subject whose primary pathway is work and vocational education; it emphasises applied learning and community connections;

a subject for which a syllabus has been developed by the QCAA with the following characteristics: results from courses developed from Applied syllabuses contribute to the QCE; results may contribute to ATAR calculations

apply use knowledge and understanding in response to a given situation or circumstance; carry out or use a procedure in a given or particular situation

appraise evaluate the worth, significance or status of something; judge or consider a text or piece of work

appreciate recognise or make a judgment about the value or worth of something; understand fully; grasp the full implications of

Term Explanation

appropriate acceptable; suitable or fitting for a particular purpose, circumstance, context, etc.

apt suitable to the purpose or occasion; fitting, appropriate area of study a division of, or a section within a unit

argue give reasons for or against something; challenge or debate an issue or idea; persuade, prove or try to prove by giving reasons aspect a particular part of a feature of something; a facet, phase or part of

a whole

assess measure, determine, evaluate, estimate or make a judgment about the value, quality, outcomes, results, size, significance, nature or extent of something

assessment purposeful and systematic collection of information about students’


assessment instrument a tool or device used to gather information about student achievement

assessment objectives drawn from the unit objectives and contextualised for the requirements of the assessment instrument

(see also ‘syllabus objectives’, ‘unit objectives’)

assessment technique the method used to gather evidence about student achievement, (e.g. examination, project, investigation)

astute showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people; of keen discernment

ATAR Australian Tertiary Admission Rank

attitudes in languages, how an author or creator of a text feels about the topic, situation and audience


in languages, recipients of a text; the group of readers, listeners or viewers that the writer, designer, filmmaker or speaker is

addressing, e.g. students in the classroom, an individual, the wider community

audio in languages, texts that are listened to

audiovisual in languages, texts that are viewed and listened to

authentic in languages, (original or modified text) that would be used by a background speaker for communicative purposes

authoritative able to be trusted as being accurate or true; reliable; commanding and self-confident; likely to be respected and obeyed


background speaker native speaker of a language or a person who has had significant exposure to and/or knowledge of a language and culture

balanced keeping or showing a balance; not biased; fairly judged or

presented; taking everything into account in a fair, well-judged way

Term Explanation

basic fundamental

beliefs what a person, society or group holds to be true C


determine or find (e.g. a number, answer) by using mathematical processes; obtain a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working; ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information

categorise place in or assign to a particular class or group; arrange or order by classes or categories; classify, sort out, sort, separate challenging difficult but interesting; testing one’s abilities; demanding and

thought-provoking; usually involving unfamiliar or less familiar elements

characteristic a typical feature or quality

Chinese culture culture that pertains to the Chinese language and the communities in which the language is spoken, rather than just the country of China

clarify make clear or intelligible; explain; make a statement or situation less confused and more comprehensible

clarity clearness of thought or expression; the quality of being coherent and intelligible; free from obscurity of sense; without ambiguity;

explicit; easy to perceive, understand or interpret

classify arrange, distribute or order in classes or categories according to shared qualities or characteristics

clear free from confusion, uncertainty, or doubt; easily seen, heard or understood

clearly in a clear manner; plainly and openly, without ambiguity


having a natural or due agreement of parts; connected; consistent;

logical, orderly; well-structured and makes sense; rational, with parts that are harmonious; having an internally consistent relation of parts

cohesive characterised by being united, bound together or having integrated meaning; forming a united whole

comment express an opinion, observation or reaction in speech or writing;

give a judgment based on a given statement or result of a calculation

communicate convey knowledge and/or understandings to others; make known;


community a group of people who share common language, identity, and/or experience

compare display recognition of similarities and differences and recognise the significance of these similarities and differences

Term Explanation


having suitable or sufficient skills, knowledge, experience, etc. for some purpose; adequate but not exceptional; capable; suitable or sufficient for the purpose;

having the necessary ability, knowledge or skill to do something successfully; efficient and capable (of a person); acceptable and satisfactory, though not outstanding

competently in an efficient and capable way; in an acceptable and satisfactory, though not outstanding, way


composed or consisting of many different and interconnected parts or factors; compound; composite; characterised by an involved combination of parts; complicated; intricate; a complex whole or system; a complicated assembly of particulars

comprehend understand the meaning or nature of; grasp mentally

comprehensive inclusive; of large content or scope; including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something; wide-ranging; detailed and thorough, including all that is relevant

concise expressing much in few words; giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief, comprehensive and to the point;

succinct, clear, without repetition of information

concisely in a way that is brief but comprehensive; expressing much in few words; clearly and succinctly

conduct direct in action or course; manage; organise; carry out

consider think deliberately or carefully about something, typically before making a decision; take something into account when making a judgment; view attentively or scrutinise; reflect on

considerable fairly large or great; thought about deliberately and with a purpose considered formed after careful and deliberate thought


agreeing or accordant; compatible; not self-opposed or self- contradictory, constantly adhering to the same principles; acting in the same way over time, especially so as to be fair or accurate;

unchanging in nature, standard, or effect over time; not containing any logical contradictions (of an argument); constant in

achievement or effect over a period of time

construct create or put together (e.g. an argument) by arranging ideas or items;

display information in a diagrammatic or logical form; make; build


the environment in which an event occurs, or in the case of a text, is created or responded to; context may include the general social, historical and cultural conditions (the context of culture), the specific features of its immediate social environment (context of situation), or, when analysing a text, the parts of a text before or after a selected passage or word, and relevant to it (in context)


display recognition of differences by deliberate juxtaposition of contrary elements; show how things are different or opposite; give an account of the differences between two or more items or situations, referring to both or all of them throughout

Term Explanation

controlled shows the exercise of restraint or direction over; held in check;

restrained, managed or kept within certain bounds

conventions in languages, cultural and linguistic norms or accepted practices convey meaning to express a thought, feeling, idea, opinion, experience or fact so it

is understood by others


persuaded by argument or proof; leaving no margin of doubt;

clear; capable of causing someone to believe that something is true or real; persuading or assuring by argument or evidence;

appearing worthy of belief; credible or plausible

course a defined amount of learning developed from a subject syllabus


bring something into being or existence; produce or evolve from one's own thought or imagination; reorganise or put elements together into a new pattern or structure or to form a coherent or functional whole

creative resulting from originality of thought or expression; relating to or involving the use of the imagination or original ideas to create something; having good imagination or original ideas

credible capable or worthy of being believed; believable; convincing criterion the property or characteristic by which something is judged or



involving skilful judgment as to truth, merit, etc.; involving the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment; expressing or involving an analysis of the merits and faults of a work of literature, music, or art; incorporating a detailed and scholarly analysis and commentary (of a text); rationally appraising for logical consistency and merit

critique review (e.g. a theory, practice, performance) in a detailed, analytical and critical way

cultural conventions common set of norms and established standards shared by members of a group, to which each person is expected to conform cultural values common set of beliefs and principles shared by a group

cursory hasty, and therefore not thorough or detailed; performed with little attention to detail; going rapidly over something, without noticing details; hasty; superficial


decide reach a resolution as a result of consideration; make a choice from a number of alternatives

deduce reach a conclusion that is necessarily true, provided a given set of assumptions is true; arrive at, reach or draw a logical conclusion from reasoning and the information given

defensible justifiable by argument; capable of being defended in argument define give the meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity;

state meaning and identify or describe qualities

Term Explanation

demonstrate prove or make clear by argument, reasoning or evidence, illustrating with practical example; show by example; give a practical exhibition

derive arrive at by reasoning; manipulate a mathematical relationship to give a new equation or relationship;

in mathematics, obtain the derivative of a function

describe give an account (written or spoken) of a situation, event, pattern or process, or of the characteristics or features of something


produce a plan, simulation, model or similar; plan, form or conceive in the mind;

in English, select, organise and use particular elements in the process of text construction for particular purposes; these elements may be linguistic (words), visual (images), audio (sounds), gestural (body language), spatial (arrangement on the page or screen) and multimodal (a combination of more than one) detailed executed with great attention to the fine points; meticulous;

including many of the parts or facts

determine establish, conclude or ascertain after consideration, observation, investigation or calculation; decide or come to a resolution develop elaborate, expand or enlarge in detail; add detail and fullness to;

cause to become more complex or intricate devise think out; plan; contrive; invent


identify the difference/s in or between two or more things;

distinguish, discriminate; recognise or ascertain what makes something distinct from similar things;

in mathematics, obtain the derivative of a function

discerning discriminating; showing intellectual perception; showing good judgment; making thoughtful and astute choices; selected for value or relevance

discriminate note, observe or recognise a difference; make or constitute a distinction in or between; differentiate; note or distinguish as different


differentiating; distinctive; perceiving differences or distinctions with nicety; possessing discrimination; perceptive and judicious;

making judgments about quality; having or showing refined taste or good judgment


examine by argument; sift the considerations for and against;

debate; talk or write about a topic, including a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses; consider, taking into account different issues and ideas, points for and/or against, and supporting opinions or conclusions with evidence

disjointed disconnected; incoherent; lacking a coherent order/sequence or connection

distinguish recognise as distinct or different; note points of difference

between; discriminate; discern; make clear a difference/s between two or more concepts or items

Term Explanation

diverse of various kinds or forms; different from each other

document support (e.g. an assertion, claim, statement) with evidence (e.g.

decisive information, written references, citations) draw conclusions make a judgment based on reasoning and evidence E

effective successful in producing the intended, desired or expected result;

meeting the assigned purpose


working in a well-organised and competent way; maximum productivity with minimal expenditure of effort; acting or producing effectively with a minimum of waste, expense or unnecessary effort

element a component or constituent part of a complex whole; a fundamental, essential or irreducible part of a composite entity


simple or uncompounded; relating to or dealing with elements, rudiments or first principles (of a subject);

of the most basic kind; straightforward and uncomplicated erroneous based on or containing error; mistaken; incorrect

essential absolutely necessary; indispensable; of critical importance for achieving something


make an appraisal by weighing up or assessing strengths, implications and limitations; make judgments about ideas, works, solutions or methods in relation to selected criteria; examine and determine the merit, value or significance of something, based on criteria


a supervised test that assesses the application of a range of cognitions to one or more provided items such as questions, scenarios and/or problems; student responses are completed individually, under supervised conditions, and in a set timeframe examine investigate, inspect or scrutinise; inquire or search into; consider or

discuss an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue

exchange to give and receive information, ideas, opinions and/or experiences


try out or test new ideas or methods, especially in order to discover or prove something; undertake or perform a scientific procedure to test a hypothesis, make a discovery or demonstrate a known fact

explain make an idea or situation plain or clear by describing it in more detail or revealing relevant facts; give an account; provide additional information

explicit clearly and distinctly expressing all that is meant; unequivocal;

clearly developed or formulated; leaving nothing merely implied or suggested

Term Explanation

explore look into both closely and broadly; scrutinise; inquire into or discuss something in detail


convey, show or communicate (e.g. a thought, opinion, feeling, emotion, idea or viewpoint);

in words, art, music or movement, convey or suggest a representation of; depict

extended response

an open-ended assessment technique that focuses on the interpretation, analysis, examination and/or evaluation of ideas and information in response to a particular situation or stimulus;

while students may undertake some research when writing of the extended response, it is not the focus of this technique;

an extended response occurs over an extended and defined period of time

Extension subject

a two-unit subject (Units 3 and 4) for which a syllabus has been developed by QCAA, that is an extension of one or more General subject/s, studied concurrently with, Units 3 and 4 of that subject or after completion of, Units 3 and 4 of that subject

extensive of great extent; wide; broad; far-reaching; comprehensive; lengthy;

detailed; large in amount or scale

external assessment summative assessment that occurs towards the end of a course of study and is common to all schools; developed and marked by the QCAA according to a commonly applied marking scheme

external examination

a supervised test, developed and marked by the QCAA, that assesses the application of a range of cognitions to multiple provided items such as questions, scenarios and/or problems;

student responses are completed individually, under supervised conditions, and in a set timeframe


infer or estimate by extending or projecting known information;

conjecture; infer from what is known; extend the application of something (e.g. a method or conclusion) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable


factual relating to or based on facts; concerned with what is actually the case; actually occurring; having verified existence


well-acquainted; thoroughly conversant with; well known from long or close association; often encountered or experienced; common;

(of materials, texts, skills or circumstances) having been the focus of learning experiences or previously encountered in prior learning activities

feasible capable of being achieved, accomplished or put into effect;

reasonable enough to be believed or accepted; probable; likely


spoken or written with ease; able to speak or write smoothly, easily or readily; articulate; eloquent;

in artistic performance, characteristic of a highly developed and excellently controlled technique; flowing; polished; flowing smoothly, easily and effortlessly