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EMBERS are invited to forward to the Council sug- gestions regarding any works of reference which they may consider could, with advantage, be added to the Library.


From March 1st, the Library will be open daily from Mon- day to Friday (both inclusive), from 11 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 1.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m., but will not be open at all in the evening.

Since the issue of the last number of the Journal, the fol- lowing works-have been added to the Library.

• JOURNAL OF THE R.I.B.A.—The issue for 24th Decem- ber contains a paper dealing with "The Roman Architecture of Jerash" and also an account of the first Annual Meeting of the

"Council for the Préservation of Rural England". The number for January 14th last has a sketch of the design for "The Shake- speare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon", an article on

"Some Medical Aspects of Damp in Dwellings" ; one on "Damp- ness in Houses", also the discussion on these ; a "Review of the R.I.B.A. Prizes and Studentships, 1928" ; "Mr. and Mrs. Quen- nell's Holiday Lectures to Children".

THE BUILDER (London).—Under date November 4th, 1927, a suggestion is made to the effect that it is desirable to provide a light metal grille in front of shop windows in some thoroughfares in order to assist in protecting the public from injury, in the event of a crowd. (This was in view of a serious disaster which recently occurred in London as the result of a crowd being actually pushed through a shop window.) In the same number are illustrations relating to the "John Wood Cen- tenary in Bath" ; "Sketches by T. Raffles Davison" ; "Winning Design in the Competition for Beckenham Municipal Buildings" ;

"New Business Premises, Birmingham"; "Winning Design in Competition for lay-out of Market Place, Nottingham" winning design for "The Rome Scholarship" ; Part IX. of "Parthenon Studies" and Article III. on "Secondary Schools".


Ube library.


November 11th, further "Sketches of Bath" ; 2nd premiated design for "Beckenham Municipal Buildings" ; designs for "New Flats, the Larkhall Estates, Clapham"; illustrations of "New Business Premises, Hastings"; winning design in "Herne Bay Municipal Buildings Competition" ; part IX. of "Parthenon Studies" continued.

November 18th, illustrations of "Dulverton Town Hall ; an illustrated article on "The Windowless Bank" ; illustrations of

"Manchester Town Hall Extension" ; "New Science Buildings, Ley's School, Cambridge" ; "New Freemasons' Hall, Madras" ; third premiated design in "Nottingham Market Place" competi- tion ; illustrations of "Christ's College, Finchley".

November 25th, illustrations of "The New Delhi Govern- ment Offices" ; of "Entrance to Langham Telephone Exchange" ;

"Shops in Brixton Road" ; the "Manor House at Hurley, Berks" ;

"Winning design for a block of Offices and Showrooms".

December 2nd, illustrations of Royal National Orthopdic Hospital, London" ; "Electric House, Battersea" ; an article on

"Acoustic Design" ; "Pugin Travelling Studentship Drawings"

and part X. of "Parthenon Studies".

December 9th, Sketch plans of "Piers of St. Paul's, Lon- don" ; illustrations of "Christ Church Cathedral, Victoria, B.C." ; of "Royal National Orthopædic Hospital" ; "New Flats, Ken- sington West, London" ; "New Isolation Hospital, Southport" ;

"Proposed New Grammar School, Bradford" ; and part X. of

"Parthenon Studies".

December 16th, "Design for a War Memorial Tower" ; illus- trations of "Rialto Cinema, Birmingham" and of "Rotherham Municipal Technical College". To those interested in Town Planning, "Suggested Schemes for improvements in London in connection with the `Charing Cross Bridge' " may appeal, also

"A Housing Scheme for Walefield".

ARCHITECTURAL REVIEW (London) .—The last num- ber received contains a colour illustration of "Some Modern French. Pottery" ; an illustrated article on "The City of Sil-


be Abrarg. 38 houettes" with sketches of Constantinople, another- on "The His- tory of the English House" which is traced from Roman times down to the timber construction of medieval times, illustrations of "The Church of St. Alphage, Burnt Oak, Hendon", of "Lan- thorne House, London" (including one of the "display windows"

in detail) , of "The British Bank of South America, Sao Paulo, Brazil" and "Examples of Craftsmanship". (Some of the designs of fittings connected with indirect lighting are interesting) .

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS.—The number for November last contains an illustrated article on "The Enlarged Bank of England" ; also one on "Early American Doorways". (It is interesting to compare these published designs with some of the old doorways in New South Wales and Tasmania, which have been recorded by Mr.

Hardy Wilson in his work. Some of the American examples are of a very elaborate character.) There is ' also an illustrated article on "Music in Architecture" with pieces of Saxon Detail.

Members will be interested in a description of the "International Exhibition of Architecture" which was organised by our Insti- tute last year, and which is printed in the Journal of the Ameri- can Institute. It contains in addition, an article entitled "School- ing the Draftsmen".

PACIFIC COAST ARCHITECT.—The issue for November, 1927, contains an article entitled "A Study- in Creative Duplica- tion", also illustrated articles on "The Place of the Hotel in the Modern City" ; "American Scenery in Design" ; and• on "Art in Iron and Bronze".



Open to all members, students of the V.A.S.S., University or Atelier, and pupils who are serving or have served their ar- ticles with an Architect, being a member of the Royal Victorian Institute of Architects, and who shall be under the age of 30 years on the 30th day of June, 1928.

Subject: A Public Library and Museum for a City about the size and prosperity of say—Geelong.

Site: On elevated ground at the entrance to a Public Park which is approached by a main road from the City Centre.


Library: Lending Library, about 2000 square feet.

Reading Room, about 2000 square feet.

Reference Room, about 1500 square feet.

Juvenile Room, about 1000 square feet.

(Including space set apart for lending).

Strong Room for rare books, about 100 square feet.

Librarian (with lay. attached), about 400 square feet.

39 [Museum

Particulars ana Conbtttons for 1R.11).1.B. Competitions 40

Museum: 4 galleries for pictures, each about 1000 sq. feet.

1 gallery for sculpture, about 2000 square feet.


Suitable entrance halls, etc., which may be common to both portions or separate.

Lavatories for both sexes.

Refreshment Room for light tea, with necessary offices, about 600 square feet.

Caretaker's Quarters: for 5 people, either as a separate unit or incorporated in main structure.

Style and Materials: At discretion of author.

Drawings: *in. scale of all ; plan, at least two sections and two elevations.

tin. details of portions of exterior and interior and any special features.

Block plan to small scale showing layout of whole site.


in pencil or ink and monotone.

Perspective in any medium.

All to be mounted on stiff boards or strainers.

Cost: There is no restrictive limitation of cost, but reason- able economy in planning, design, construction and materials will be taken into accord by the Assessors.

Report in form similar to one that would be sent to client, details showing how estimate of cost was arrived at and brief description of materials and construction.

The Institute's Silver Medal and a special prize of £3/3/- will be awarded for the design placed first in order of merit, with a special prize of £2/2/- donated by the President for the design adjudged second, and a certificate of Honourable Mention for the design adjudged third (subject to clause in general con- ditions) .

The judging of all designs will be based on the number of marks obtained. To enable a competitor to obtain the first prize

Particulars ana Conbttions for IR.IU.1.a. Competitions 41

in the above competition he must succeed in obtaining not less than 60 per cent. in each of the following :-

(a) Designing.

(b) Construction.

(c) Draughtmanship, and at least 75 per cent. of the total number of marks allotted.

The maximum number of marks obtainable under each of the above headings is as follows :-

(a) Design and Plan, 60.

(b) Construction, 20.

(c) Draughtmanship.



Open to all students of the V.A.S.S., University or Atelier, and pupils or past pupils of members of the R.V.I.A., such stu- dents to be under the age of 25 years on the 30th day of June, 1928.

For the guidance of competitors, it is pointed out that this competition is designed to promote the careful study and record- ing of existing buildings by means of accurate drawing and faithful draughtmanship.

Subject: The Northern Stone Facade of the old London Bank premises facing Collins St., now occupied by Messrs. T. M.

Burke Pty. Ltd. Plan elevation and section to a scale of - inch to one foot.

Full sized or optional scale outline of moldings and details may be used to assist composition of the sheet (as may be seen in Atelier work) . Such details should be selected as will most readily emphasise the character of the building.

Measurements to be indicated on plan and section only. If, however, it is found impossible to measure the thicknesses of walls these particular measurements to be omitted.

Finish of Drawings: In waterproof or watered ink or any of the water colour blacks with shadows correctly projected and planes emphasised with simple washes (no colour).


lParttcuiars anb ¢onatt!tons for 1R.11).11.it. ¢omp.etfttons - 42 Drawings to be mounted on stretchers or solid mounts and are to have no other margins than single black ink line or a tin.

black border.

Note Books: Note books containing freehand field sketches to accompany finished drawings. Elaboration of field notes is not asked for.

Drawings submitted in this subject may be submitted in the Sketching Competition if suitable and expressly entered by the competitor.

The original sketches made on the job from which the draw- ings are prepared are to be submitted with the drawings.

The Institute's Bronze Medal will be awarded for the draw- ings adjudged first in order of merit, a prize of the value of

£2/2/-, donated by the Vice-President, for the design adjudged second, and a certificate of Honourable Mention for that ad- judged third (subject to clause in general conditions).

The adjudging of all drawings in this competition will be -based upon the number of marks obtained. To enable a com-

petitor to win first prize in the Bronze Medal Competition he must succeed in obtaining at least 66 per cent. in each of the following :-

(a) Original Sketches in field book.

(b) Accuracy of Measurements.

(ç) Draughtmanship, and at least 75 per cent. of the total marks allotted.

The maximum number of marks obtainable will be 100, ap- portioned as follows :-

(a) Original Sketches -in field book-25.

(b) Accuracy of Measurements-15.

(c) Draughtmanship-60.

Through the courtesy of Messrs. T. M. Burke, competitors will be enabled to measure the building. For this purpose, a ladder has been lodged with the caretaker of the premises to whom enquiries are to be made. Facilities will be available on week days and Saturday afternoons.


anb (Lonafttons t



Competitions 43 R.V.I.A. SKETCHES

Open to all members of the R.V.I.A. and students of the V.A.S.S., University or Atelier, or pupils of such members. All competitors must be under the age of 30 on the 30th day of June, 1928.

Subject: Six sheets of sketch drawings of Architecture, furniture, or details of buildings, or alternatively four sheets drawn from actual buildings or furniture, or details of buildings, and four sheets of drawings from photographs of Architecture, or Architectural detail.

Not less than six sheets of drawings on paper, about 10 in.

x 8 in., are required from each competitor.

All sketches must be drawn in pencil by the competitor him- self from actual executed work, and should be finished on the spot. These must be made during the six months previous to the closing of the Competition.

Sketches submitted in the "Measured Drawings" Competi- tion may be submitted in the Sketching Competition if suitably finished and the judges so informed.

Choice of subject will carry weight with the judges.

All sketches of detail should have dimensions figured thereon, with plans and sections of mouldings.

A prize of £2/2/- will be awarded for the series adjudged first in order of merit, and a prize of £1/1/- for that adjudged second (subject to clause in general conditions).


Each competitor is to make a statutory declaration that the whole of the work in the drawings, and the taking of measure- ments for measured drawings is the work of his own hands, and that it has been done since 30th November, 1927, and such dec- laration must be sent in with the drawings, and enclosed in a sealed envelope containing the name and address of the author.


lParticulars ana Conbitions toi 11.11).11. E. Competitions 44 The drawings are to be submitted without motto or nom de plume, and are to be accompanied by a sealed envelope contain- ing the name and address of the author, and delivered at the rooms of the Institute, 53-55 Collins Place, Melbourne, addressed to the Secretary, before 5 o'clock p.m. on the 31st March, 1928.

All drawings will be exhibited to the public if practicable.

The drawings to remain the property of the competitors, and to be removed by them at their own expense when so notified.

Medals and Prizes will be awarded at the discretion of the Council.

All drawings to be mounted on stretchers with plain col- oured paper margins.

The Prizes, except Medals, will be awarded in professional books or instruments, selected by the successful competitors, and approved of by the Council.

The Certificates of the Institute will accompany each prize.

The Institute reserves the right to retain photographic or other reproductions of all the prize drawings.

The winner of the first prize in any previous R.V.I.A. com- petition shall not be eligible for, and is debarred from competing in, the same competition for 1928.

JOHN B. ISLIP, Secretary, Allied Societies' Building,

53-55 Collins Place, Melbourne, 30th November, 1927.


The Committee of the Club has brought under the notice of the Council of the R.V.I.A., the lack of practical support which has been accorded to the club by Institute members.

In order to ensure the club's existence and to make certain that its finances will remain in a sound condition, it is necessary that it should have at least 400 members, whereas, at present, the number is less than half that and the committee urges mem- bers of the R.V.I.A. to join it in a larger proportion than has been the case in the past. It is pointed out that the Kelvin Club has good premises which were specially designed for it, it pro- vides for the social comfort and entertainment of its members in an effective manner and it is a good tenant of the Allied Societies Trust, contributing in no small degree to the revenue of that body in the fortunes of which so many of the members.

of the various Institutes are practically interested, it has recently established a dining room in which luncheon may be obtained at a reasonable cost, and it has to be remembered that in order that the Trust may be in a position to meet the interest due to the debenture holders who provided the means of erecting the building, it is essential that the whole of the property be ten- anted ; the said debenture holders, members are reminded, are all members of the various Institutes which use the buildings.

All members of the R.V.I.A. are urged to give the matter serious consideration.


The public appeal for funds will be inaugurated by the State Governor, Lord Somers, at the Town Hall, Melbourne, on April 2nd next.

The total subscribed by members of the R.V.I.A. now stands at £479/19/ Additional subscriptions will be gladly received by Mr. Islip.

45 [R.V.I.A.




All Questions to be Answered

Ques. No. 1.—Name (6) makes of Roofing Tiles, stating their characteris- tics, pitch of roof for various tiles and method of fixing same.

Ques. No. 2.—State what you know of the manufacture of Glazed Terra Cotta as applied to Architectural Facades. Mention the limit of size, construction of the blocks and method of fixing.

Ques. No. 3.—State the manufacture and properties of :—(a) Cast Iron, (b) Wrought Iron, and (c) Steel. Give the standard test for steel under the City Building Regulations.

Ques. No. 4.—Name some of the various types of jointless flooring on the market and their composition. Mention which may be applied on wood - floor and which on concrete.

Ques. No. 5.—Name the various limes at present on the market, where they are obtained and how prepared for use in building works. Give pro- portions for mortar and plaster.

Ques. No. 6.—Mention in order of preference the materials that may be used for a vertical damp proof course.

State the cause of dampness in walls and how you deal with same to remedy the defect.

(a) Patches of damp showing on the inside of an 11in. hollow wall.

(b) Damp rising above the skirting line in an 11in. external wall.

Inspection shows that there is a damp proof course through the wall and below plate line.

(c) Damp showing below window board of window with a brick sill.

(d) Patches of damp on the inside of a 6in. concrete wall of a city building. Wall facing the weather direction.

Ques. No. 7.—What timber would you use in erecting a timber house and what precautions would you take against borers. What action would you take if borers were found to be in the floor timbers after the build- ing had been completed.

Ques. No.. 8.—What characteristics should sand have for concrete, mortar and plaster. What sand is available for general building works. How would you test sand for presence of impurities, etc.

Ques. No. 9.—What is the process of manufacture of:—(a) Fibre Plaster Enrichment, (b) Plaster sheets and molds, and (c) Pressed Cement - Ornament and Tracery.

Ques: No. 10.-Give a list of the various forms of glass on the market.

State the method ' of manufacture of Sheet Glass, Plate Glass and Figured Plate.



Examination, 1927. 47


Ques. No. 1.—(a) At a scale of lin. to the foot, draw plan of one course of a squint pier as per diagram "A", having plain jambs, in single Flemish bond.

Assuming the pier to be 10ft. high, calculate the safe load which it would sustain if built of best machine-made bricks in cement mortar, 1:3.

(b) Draw freehand perspective sketches illustrating the jointing of styles and rails of a. molded window sash. Show also method of jointing intersections , of glazing bars.

Ques. No. 2.—Diagram "B" gives the dimensions of factory floor (first floor) to be constructed in reinforced concrete. The floor is to be capable of sustaining a live load of 11 cwt. per square foot, and work- ing stresses shall comply with Melbourne City Council requirements.

A concrete fire isolated stair is required in one corner, as shown on diagram, leading to external exit on side wall of ground floor.

Draw to a scale of kin. = one foot a suitable lay-out, arranging main and secondary beams in economical spans, and using only two isolated concrete columns.

Detail to scale of lin. = 1 foot a typical bay of floor, showing sizes of floor slab, main and secondary beams, and clearly indicating all rein- forcement. Supply full computations. Compressive Stress Concrete, 600 lbs. per sq. inch; Tensile Stress Steel, 16,000 lbs. per sq. inch;

Shearing Stress in Concrete, 65 lbs. per sq. inch. Not less than two- thirds of total shear to be taken up by concrete. Adhesive Stress, 65 lbs. per sq. inch; Weight of Reinforced Concrete, 150 lbs. per cubic foot. Columns need not be calculated.

Ques. No. 3.—Draw kin. scale detail plan and section of concrete fire isolated stair referred to in Ques. 2, having wrought iron balustrade and treads and risers of proportions allowed by the Factories Act and Melbourne City. Council.

Height from floor to floor. 13ft. bin. .

Clearly show method of reinforcing, but no calculations need be furnished.

Ques. No. 4.—Design a composite Roof Truss; suitable 'for a garage build- ing, having a span of 40 feet, and pitch of 30 degrees. Draw to a scale of half inch = one foot, and clearly detail all joints. Sizes of members need not be calculated, but approximate sizes are to be figured on drawings.

Ques. No. 5.—Explain briefly, with sketches :—Pendentive Dome, Mason's Mitre, Ramped Handrail, Tusk Tenon Joint, Scarfs in Tie Beams, Dragon Ties, Laminated Construction, Pugging, Cantilever Founda- tion, Joggles.

Ques. No. 6.—Design the base and the footing to a compound stanchion composed of two 9in. x 4in. steel joists with loin. x bin. plates riveted to flanges. The stanchion carries a load of 140 tons, and the safe bearing capacity of the soil is to be taken at 3 tons per square foot.

Give computations.