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Digital Library Digital Library

Bulletins 4000 - Agriculture

1-2005

2005 Crop variety sowing guide for Western Australia 2005 Crop variety sowing guide for Western Australia

Jenny Garlinge

Follow this and additional works at: https://researchlibrary.agric.wa.gov.au/bulletins Part of the Agronomy and Crop Sciences Commons

Recommended Citation Recommended Citation

Garlinge, J. (2005), 2005 Crop variety sowing guide for Western Australia. Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia, Perth. Bulletin 4655.

This bulletin is brought to you for free and open access by the Agriculture at Digital Library. It has been accepted for inclusion in Bulletins 4000 - by an authorized administrator of Digital Library. For more information, please contact [email protected].

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2005 Crop Variety Sowing Guide for Western Australia

Compiled and edited by:

Jennifer Garlinge Crop Variety Testing

Acknowledgments

Grains Research and Development Corporation Staff of Department of Agriculture Research Support Units,

Plant Breeding and Agronomy groups Collaborating farmers of Western Australia

Co-operative Bulk Handling Ltd AWB Limited

Grain Pool of Western Australia

Copies of this publication are available from Publications

Department of Agriculture Western Australia 3 Baron-Hay Court, South Perth, Western Australia, 6151

Tel: (08) 9368 3710

Bulletin 4655 replaces Bulletin 4592 Agdex 102/30

ISSN 1448-0352

© State of Western Australia

January 2005

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C ONTRIBUTORS

Crop Variety Testing: Jennifer Garlinge, Rod Hunter, Paula Reeve Biometrics: Peter Clarke, Katia Stefanova, Mario D’Antonio Plant Breeder Rights: Tresslyn Walmsley, Paul Hardy

Cereal Agronomy: Wal Anderson, Fran Hoyle, Brenda Shackley, Darshan Sharma, Mohammad Amjad, Christine Zaicou-Kunesch

Herbicide Tolerance: Harmohinder Dhammu

Grain Products: Graham Crosbie, Bill Lambe, Alan Tarr, Maurice Hall

Wheat: Robin Wilson, Iain Barclay, Robyn McLean, Rob Loughman, Shajahan Miyan, Tremayne Watts

Triticale: Ron McTaggart

Barley: Reg Lance, Sue Broughton, Ros Jettner, Kevin Young, Blakely Paynter, Leanne Schulz, Jason Bradley, Sanjiv Gupta

Oats: Blakely Paynter, Natasha Littlewood, Jocelyn Ball, Robyn McLean, Glenn McDonald Canola: Graham Walton, Christine Zaicou-Kunesch, Paul Carmody, Mike Page, Syed Hasan Zaheer Lupins: Bevan Buirchell, Kedar Adhikari, Mark Sweetingham

Field Peas: Tanveer Khan, Ian Pritchard, Bob French, Peter White, Mark Seymour

Pulses: Tanveer Khan, Siddique, Peter White, Kerry Regan, Mark Seymour, Colin Hanbury, Martin Harries

D ISCLAIMER

In relying on or using this document or any advice or information expressly or impliedly contained within it, you accept all risks and responsibility for loss, injury, damages, costs and other consequences of any kind whatsoever resulting directly or indirectly to you or any other person from your doing so. It is for you to obtain your own advice and conduct your own investigations and assessments of any proposals that you may be considering in light of your own circumstances. Further, the State of Western Australia, the Chief Executive Officer of the Department of Agriculture, the Agriculture Protection Board, the authors, the publisher and their officers, employees and agents:

• do not warrant the accuracy, currency, reliability or correctness of this document or any advice of information expressly or impliedly contained within it; and

• exclude all liability of any kind whatsoever to any person arising directly or indirectly from rely on or the use of this docu- ment or any advice or information expressly or impliedly contained within it by you or any other person.

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C ONTENTS

Introduction

How to Use the Sowing Guide ... 7

Area Codes for Locations in Western Australia ... 10

Crop Variety Testing Areas ... 11

New Varieties ... 12

Variety parentage ... 12

Seed supplies of suggested varieties ... 12

Plant Breeder Rights ... 13

Most commonly asked questions about royalties ... 13

Status of Department of Agriculture Western Australian Crop Varieties - Oct. 2004 ... 15

Seed Licensee Details ... 16

Variety Suggestion Summaries for 2005 ... 17

Agronomic Factors that Influence Choice of Variety ... 21

Sowing time ... 21

Frost damage ... 22

Amount of seed, quality and placement ... 22

Fertiliser requirements ... 23

Soil type ... 23

Soil acidity ... 23

Management of grain protein in cereals ... 23

Further reading (Available on the Department of Agriculure Website see address below). ... 25

Herbicide tolerance of varieties ... 25

Wheat ... 26

Varieties ... 26

Wheat grades ... 26

Physical Characteristics ... 26

Coleoptile length ... 26

Hectolitre weight ... 26

Abiotic stress factors ... 26

Soil acidity and aluminium toxicity ... 26

Boron toxicity ... 27

Black Point ... 27

Fungal staining ... 27

Pre-harvest sprouting ... 27

Disease resistance ... 27

Agzone 1 (H1 + M1) ... 28

Agzone 2 (H2 + M2 + M3 + M4W) ... 28

Agzone 3 (H3 + H4 + H5W + M5W) ... 28

Agzone 4 (L1 + L2 + L3) ... 28

Agzone 5 (L4 + L5 + M4E + M5C + M5E) ... 28

Agzone 6 (H5C and H5E) ... 28

Resistance to yellow spot and the two septorias ... 28

The three rusts ... 29

Herbicide tolerance of current varieties ... 30

Herbicides applied before seeding ... 30

Herbicides applied between Zadok 12 and Zadok 15 ... 31

Herbicides applied after Zadoks 15 ... 32

Waterlogging ... 32

Essentials for a successful wheat crop ... 41

Essentials of a successful noodle wheat crop ... 42

Essentials of a successful durum wheat crop ... 43

Variety descriptions ... 44

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Triticale ... 68

Varieties ... 68

Management ... 68

Feed Value and Markets ... 69

Receival Standards ... 69

Trial Program ... 69

Essentials of a Successful Triticale Crop ... 70

Barley ... 71

Malting and feed grade barley ... 71

Choice of variety ... 71

Malting barley varieties ... 72

Feed barley varieties ... 72

Possible barley releases in 2006 ... 73

Receival specifications for harvest 2005/06 ... 73

Importance of malting barley receival specifications ... 73

Grain drying of malting barley ... 74

Choice of barley maturity for a sowing date ... 74

Leaf and Root Diseases ... 75

Abiotic Stresses ... 75

Boron toxicity ... 75

Waterlogging ... 75

Soil acidity and aluminium toxicity ... 76

Salinity ... 76

Herbicide tolerance of current barley varieties ... 76

Herbicides applied before seeding ... 76

Herbicides applied between Zadok 12 and Zadok 15 ... 76

Herbicides applied after Zadok 15 ... 77

Effect of herbicides when plants are waterlogged ... 77

Essentials for a successful barley crop ... 81

Variety descriptions ... 82

Oats ... 98

Major varieties ... 98

Oat receival standards for 2005/06 ... 98

On farm feed oat grain quality ... 98

Disease ... 99

Oats for export hay ... 99

Abiotic Stresses ... 100

Waterlogging ... 100

Herbicide tolerance ... 100

Essentials for a successful oat crop ... 103

Variety descriptions ... 104

Canola ... 116

Production ... 116

Marketing ... 116

Growing requirements ... 116

Varieties ... 116

Disease ... 117

Oil content ... 117

Triazine tolerant lines ... 117

Clearfield production systems ... 117

Seed quality and storage ... 117

Essentials for a successful canola crop ... 119

Variety descriptions ... 121

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Lupins ... 142

Marketing ... 142

Narrow-leafed lupin ... 142

Field characteristics ... 142

Disease and pest resistance ... 142

Herbicide tolerance ... 143

Herbicide Tolerance of New Lupin Varieties ... 144

Essentials for a successful narrow-leafed lupin crop ... 145

Table: Characteristics of major lupin varieties ... 146

Table: Disease and pest resistance of major lupin varieties ... 147

Table: Seed characteristics and composition ... 147

Lupin Zones ... 148

Lupin Zone Matrix (indicates level of risk) ... 148

Albus Lupin ... 150

Variety descriptions - Albus lupin varieties ... 151

Variety descriptions - Yellow lupin varieties ... 151

Herbicide tolerance ... 151

Establishment and management of yellow lupin ... 152

Pulses ... 162

Pulse markets ... 162

Field peas ... 163

Seed types ... 163

Plant types ... 163

Disease resistance ... 163

Herbicide tolerance ... 163

Essentials for a successful field pea crop ... 165

Variety descriptions ... 168

Chickpea ... 174

Production ... 174

Desi varieties ... 174

Kabuli varieties ... 174

Soil type ... 174

Time of sowing ... 174

Seeding rate, depth and fertiliser ... 174

Pests ... 175

Harvesting ... 175

Markets ... 175

Ascochyta blight of Chickpea ... 176

Essentials for a successful chickpea crop ... 178

Variety descriptions ... 179

Lentils ... 185

Production ... 185

Varieties ... 185

Paddock selection ... 185

Sowing time and rate ... 185

Disease and pests ... 185

Harvesting ... 185

Markets ... 185

Essentials for a successful lentil crop ... 186

Variety descriptions ... 187

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Faba Bean ... 190

Production ... 190

Soil type and fertilizer requirements ... 190

Varieties ... 190

Time of sowing and seeding rate ... 191

Diseases ... 191

Insects ... 192

Harvesting ... 192

Market ... 192

Variety descriptions ... 195

Common vetch ... 198

Soil type and Rotation ... 198

Rainfall ... 198

Variety ... 198

Table: Summary of vetch variety trials. ... 198

Time of Sowing ... 198

Seeding rate ... 198

Sowing depth ... 198

Inoculum ... 199

Fertiliser ... 199

Weed management ... 199

Insect pests ... 199

Harvesting ... 200

Forage and Hay ... 200

Green Manure ... 200

Marketing ... 200

Lathyrus ... 201

Soils ... 201

Rainfall ... 201

Varieties ... 201

Time of sowing ... 201

Seeding rate ... 201

Sowing depth ... 201

Inoculation ... 201

Fertiliser ... 201

Weed control ... 201

Table: Broadleaf herbicides ... 202

Disease ... 202

Insect pests ... 202

Yields ... 202

Harvesting ... 202

Forage ... 202

Stubble ... 202

End-use and markets ... 202

Table: Trial site and mean yields ... 203

Variety descriptions ... 203

Appendix: Percentage of area sown to crop varieties 2000/01 to 2004/05 seasons. ... 204

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H OW TO U SE THE S OWING G UIDE

The Crop Variety Sowing Guide attempts to present all the information that is necessary for you to make the best choice of variety for each of the major crops. As well as varietal characteristics and performance, it contains information on herbicide resistance, disease, agronomic factors, deliveries and marketing.

Much of the information presented this year is on the basis of the ‘Agzone’. This is an amalgamation of the traditional

‘region zone cells’which were coded H1 to L5 according to length-of-growing season zones from north to south (1 to 5) and rainfall regions, based on annual average rainfall, from west to east.

Agzones have been developed through the statistical analysis of crop performance. The results presented are based on cumulative information from the last 10 years of varietal testing, with results for new varieties based on at least 3 years data. The Agzone areas have been labelled Agzone 1 to 6 as outlined in the map on page 11.

Lupin zones have been introduced into the lupin section this year. The lupin zones replace the traditional ‘region zone cells’ and ‘Agzones’. They have been developed by considering the level of risk for biotic and abiotic stresses to lupin production. The lupin zone matrix shows these risk levels. The lupin zones are also supported by statistical analysis of lupin performance over time.

The new areas for lupins have been labelled Lupin zone 1 to 8 as outlined in the map on page 11.

To ensure that information for different varieties is compara- ble, statistical techniques have been applied to make adjust- ments for different locations within and between years.

Adjustments have also been made for spatial patterns that may exist within each trial.

The following steps indicate how you might use the sowing guide.

First, identify the Agzone and Lupin Zone in which your farm is located. To do this use the map and the table of area codes on pages 10 and 11. If, for example, your farm is near Badgingarra look up the area code for Badgingarra in the table. You will see Badgingarra is in the H2 cell and thus located in Agzone 2 and Lupin Zone 1. It is important to check your location in both the Agzone and Lupin Zone map as they are classified differently.

If you are located near a border it is very important to check the information for the adjoining areas to find the varieties most appropriate to your situation.

The Crop Variety Sowing Guide makes suggestions for cereals, oilseeds and pulses. Each crop is listed in the table of contents, but can also be easily identified by the page- tags at the edge of the book.

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To help explain some of the detail provided for variety suggestions, the wheat suggestions for Northampton from Agzone 1 are shown on this page (copied from pages 56 and 57).

Information consists of a time of sowing guide and a yield comparison table as well as some text for ‘special considera- tion’.

T

HETIMEOFSOWINGGUIDE

The time of sowing guide presents varieties best suited to particular times of sowings as well as disease resistance scores for these varieties. Varieties have been included in this table after consultation with plant breeders, agronomists and regional development officers. You should use the yield comparison table to see how these varieties performed compared to other widely tested lines.

Varieties in large type are ‘suggested varieties’, for example, WYALKATCHEMA. The # denotes varieties that were also suggested last year. Varieties presented in small type are alternative varieties which are considered the next best alternative to the suggested varieties.

Some varieties may be higher yielding than the suggested varieties, but are not listed because of other problems.

There are two types of shading. The darker shading indi- cates the most reliable varieties for a particular time of sowing. This is the ‘best bet’ window. Sowing the variety during this period should also produce grain that meets quality specifications for any premium grades for which the variety may be eligible.

The lighter shading shows the period during which, either lower yields, or grain of inferior quality may be produced.

This is the ‘more risk’ window. Sowing is not advised in areas where no shading is indicated.

These sowing windows have been derived using the grain yields which are presented in the yield comparison table, grain quality information and local knowledge provided by the staff of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia.

As an example, for the Noodle grade, Calingiri, is the best options for an early break (1st week of May) at Northampton.

For a late break (2nd week of June), the best bet would be Arrino.

The table has not been designed to decide what is the best time to plant a particular variety but shows what varieties are best suited to a particular time of sowing.

A.HARD

Carnamah A M 5 5 3 5 7 4 5

APW

WYALKATCHEM A # M 5 5 3 6 3/6 5 7

EGA Bonnie Rock A M 6 4 3 5 4 3 7

NOODLES

CALINGIRI # L 5 4 4 4 3 4 6

ARRINO # M 4 4 4 4 3 4 3

CARNAMAH A # M 5 5 3 5 7 4 5

EGA BONNIE ROCK A # M 6 4 3 5 4 3 7 RUSTRESISTANT ALTERNATIVE

EGA EAGLE ROCK A M 4 3 3 8 5p 7

EGA Castle Rock A # M 5/6 4 5 4 8 5p 8

VE - very early maturing E - early maturing M - medium maturing L - late maturing

SN - septoria nodorum blotch ST - septoria tritici blotch YS - yellow spot SR - stem rust YR - stripe rust LR - leaf rust Disease resistance ratings of 6 and above are in bold type to highlight varieties with moderate resistance or better.

LARGE TYPE - Suggested varieties Small type - Alternative varieties # - Suggested previous year Best bet More risk Sowing bars are indicative only, based on variety maturity and field observations.

VARIETY SUGGESTIONS

GRADEAND VARIETY

DISEASE RESISTANCE

ST YS SR Y R LR APRIL MAY JUNE JULY

SN

Blackpoint

Please read the instructions (page 7) on how to interpret this table before proceeding

Maturity

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T

HEYIELDCOMPARISONTABLE

This table presents the average varietal yield as a percentage of the control variety and as a tonnage for two main sowing periods (early and late). The number of trial observations are shown in brackets.

The variety average presented in the column headed ‘Over- all’ has been calculated as if there was data for all times of sowing for each variety. This removes a time of sowing effect and in most cases will NOT be equal to the average of the time-of-sowing means shown for a particular variety.

This figure is only useful when there is NO effect of time of sowing on the relative yield of the variety.

Variability in yield performance is a concern where fewer than 5 trials have been conducted. In the yield tables this information has not been presented but as an indicator that trials have been conducted the trial number column shows (<5). All trials have been used in the ‘overall’ analysis, the number of trials presented in this column may therefore be greater than the individual time of sowing columns.

Once again the probability of outyielding the control column is presented. ‘Probability of outyielding control’ shows the likelihood that a variety will perform better than the high-

lighted control variety. For example, in Agzone 1, the figure for Wyalkatchem A presented in this column is ‘0.8’. This means that there is an 70 per cent chance that in any year Wyalkatchem A will out-yield Westonia A, or that it will do so in 8 seasons out of 10.

The yield tables are now split to represent different grades of crop. For example, in wheat, trials are conducted which target different protein groups and therefore have different management strategies. Results of these trials are separated for more direct comparison between varieties. Different control varieties are also highlighted. Please note that trials are conducted only in relevant areas and will therefore not be available for all Agzones.

C

HECKFORCONSISTENCY

Probably the most important thing to remember is to compare these results to what you see on your farm. If your farm seems to behave differently, then look at the surrounding Agzones to see if they are more applicable to your farm environment. When selecting a potential variety check the information on disease, weeds and other agronomic factors which may be included in the variety descriptions or with general information at the beginning of each section.

YIELD ANALYSIS

Sowing <= May 31 Sowing =>June 1 Overall Probability of

Yield % no. of Yield % no. of Yield % no. of outyielding

(t/ha) control trials (t/ha) control trials (t/ha) control trials control Hard

Amery 2.55 89 (16) (<5) 2.26 88 (19) 0.1

Brookton 3.07 107 (24) (<5) 2.68 105 (28) 0.7

Cadoux 2.75 95 (11) (<5) 2.37 92 (14) 0.2

Camm A 2.83 98 (18) (<5) 2.50 97 (21) 0.4

Carnamah A 3.03 105 (29) 2.05 101 (7) 2.66 104 (36) 0.7

Cascades 2.74 95 (29) 1.78 87 (7) 2.39 93 (36) 0.2

Clearfield JNZ A 2.74 95 (12) (<5) 2.40 93 (15) 0.2

Clearfield STL A 2.74 95 (16) (<5) 2.41 94 (19) 0.2

EGA Bonnie Rock A2.93 102 (16) (<5) 2.60 101 (20) 0.6

EGA Castle Rock A 2.50 87 (12) (<5) 2.20 86 (14) <.1

EGA Eagle Rock A 2.72 94 (9) (<5) 2.42 94 (9) 0.2

Machete 2.77 96 (29) 1.83 90 (6) 2.43 95 (35) 0.2

Mira A 2.76 96 (9) (<5) 2.47 96 (11) 0.3

Mitre A 2.67 93 (9) (<5) 2.38 93 (11) 0.2

Nyabing 2.83 98 (14) 1.91 94 (5) 2.48 97 (19) 0.3

Spear 2.80 97 (29) 1.81 89 (6) 2.44 95 (35) 0.3

WAWHT2499 2.87 100 (11) (<5) 2.54 99 (13) 0.5

Westonia 2.88 100 (34) 2.04 100 (7) 2.57 100 (41) *

Wyalkatchem A 3.09 107 (21) (<5) 2.71 106 (25) 0.8

Yitpi A 2.77 96 (5) (<5) 2.44 95 (8) 0.3

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USTRALIA

Location Area code

Ainsworth ... M3 Ajana-East ... L1 Ajana-West ... M1 Albany ... H5W Aldersyde-North ... M3 Aldersyde-South ... M4 Amelup ... M5W Ardath ... M3 Arrino ... M1 Badgebup-North ... M4 Badgebup-South ... M5W Badgingarra ... H2 Badjaling ... M3 Bakers Hill ... H3 Balla ... L1 Ballaying ... M4 Ballidu-East ... L2 Ballidu-West ... M2 Beacon ... L2 Beaumont ... H5E Bencubbin-North ... L2 Bencubbin-South ... L3 Bendering ... M4 Benjaberring ... L3 Beverley-East ... M3 Beverley-West ... H3 Billaricay-North ... M3 Billaricay-South ... M4 Bindi Bindi ... M2 Bindoon-East ... H3 Binnu ... M1 Bodallin ... L3 Boddington ... H4 Bokal ... H4 Bolgart-East ... M3 Bolgart-West ... H3 Bonnie Rock ... L2 Borden ... M5W Bowgada-East ... L1 Bowgada-West ... M1 Boyup Brook-North ... H4 Boyup Brook-South ... H5W Bridgetown-SE ... H5W Brookton-East ... M3 Brookton-West ... H3 Broomehill-East ... M5W Broomehill-West ... H5W Bruce Rock ... M3 Bullaring ... M4 Bullfinch ... L3 Bulyee-North ... M3 Bulyee-South ... M4 Buniche ... M4 Bunjil-East ... L2 Bunjil-West ... M2 Buntine-East ... L2 Buntine-West ... M2 Burges-East ... M3 Burges-West ... H3 Burracoppin ... L3 Cadoux ... L2 Calingiri ... M2 Canna-East ... L1 Canna-West ... M1 Capercup ... H4 Carnamah-North ... M1 Carnamah-South ... M2 Caron-NE ... L1 Caron-NW ... M1 Caron-SE ... L2 Caron-SW ... M2 Carrabin ... L3 Cascades ... M5E Chidlow ... H3 Chowerup ... H5W Circle Valley ... L5 Clackline ... H3 Cleary ... L2 Collgar ... L3 Collie ... H4 Condigup ... H5E Coomalbidgup ... H5E

Location Area code

Coomberdale ... M2 Coondle ... H3 Coroow ... M2 Corrigin-North ... M3 Corrigin-South ... M4 Cowcowing ... L3 Coyrecup-North ... M4 Coyrecup-South ... M5W Cranbrook ... H5W Cuballing-East ... M4 Cuballing-West ... H4 Cunderdin ... M3 Cuthbert ... H5W Dale ... H3 Dalwallinu-East ... L2 Dalwallinu-West ... M2 Dandaragan ... H2 Dangin ... M3 Darkan ... H4 Dinninup ... H4 Doodlakine ... L3 Dowerin-East ... L3 Dowerin-West ... M3 Dudinin ... M4 Dulyalbin ... L3 Dumbleyung ... M4 Dunn Rock ... M5C Duranillin ... H4 Ejanding ... L3 Eneabba-North ... H1 Eneabba-South ... H2 Eradu ... M1 Esperance ... H5E Gabalong ... M2 Gabbin ... L2 Gairdner River ... H5C Geraldton N and S ... H1 Gibson ... H5E Gingin ... H2 Gnowangerup ... M5W Goodlands ... L2 Goomalling ... M3 Grass Patch ... M5E Grass Valley ... M3 Green Range ... H5C Greenhills ... M3 Gunyidi ... M2 Gutha-East ... L4 Gutha-West ... M1 Highbury-East ... M4 Highbury-West ... H4 Hines Hill ... L3 Holland Rock ... M4 Holleton ... L3 Holt Rock ... L4 Hopetoun ... H5E Hyden/East Hyden ... L4 Irwin ... H1 Jacup ... M5C Jennacubbine ... M3 Jerdacuttup ... H5E Jerramungup ... M5C Jitarning ... M4 Jubuk-North ... M3 Jubuk-South ... M4 Kalannie ... L2 Karlgarin ... L4 Katanning-NE ... M4 Katanning-NW ... H4 Katanning-SE ... M5W Katanning-SW ... H5W Kellerberrin ... L3 Kirwan ... L2 Kodj Kodjin ... L3 Kojaneerup ... H5C Kojonup-North ... H4 Kojonup-South ... H5W Kondinin ... M4 Kondut-East ... L2 Kondut-West ... M2 Konongorring ... M2 Koonadgin ... L3

Location Area code

Koorda ... L2 Korbelka ... M3 Kuender ... M4 Kukerin ... M4 Kulin ... M4 Kulja ... L2 Kumarl ... L5 Kununoppin ... L3 Kuringup ... M4 Lake Cairlocup ... M5C Lake Grace ... M4 Lake King ... L4 Lake Varley ... L4 Lancelin ... H2 Latham-East ... L2 Latham-West ... M2 Lort River ... M5E Manmanning ... L2 Marchagee ... M2 Marvel Loch ... L3 Mawson ... M3 Maya-East ... L2 Maya-West ... M2 Mayanup ... H5W McLevie-East ... L2 McLevie-West ... M2 Meckering ... M3 Merredin ... L3 Miling ... M2 Mindarrabin ... M5W Mingenew ... M1 Minnivale ... L3 Mogumber ... H2 Mollerin ... L2 Moora-East ... M2 Moora-West ... H2 Moorine Rock ... L3 Morawa-East ... L1 Morawa-West ... M1 Moulyinning ... M4 Mt. Barker ... H5W Mt. Kokeby-East ... M3 Mt. Kokeby-West ... H3 Mt. Madden-North ... L4 Mt. Madden-South ... M5C Mt. Sheridan ... L4 Mt. Walker ... L3 Mukinbudin ... L3 Mullewa-East ... L1 Mullewa-West ... M1 Munglinup ... H5E Muntadgin-East ... L3 Muntadgin-West ... M3 Muresk ... H3 Myalup ... VH Nabawa-East ... M1 Nabawa-West ... H1 Naraling ... M1 Narembeen ... M3 Narrogin-East ... M4 Narrogin-West ... H4 Numbudding ... L3 Neridup ... H5E New Norcia ... H2 Newdegate ... M4 Nomans Lake ... M4 Northam(Avon)-East ... M3 Northam(Avon)-West ... H3 Northampton ... H1 Nukarni ... L3 Nungarin ... L3 Nyabing-North ... M4 Nyabing-South ... M5W Ogilvie ... M1 Ongerup ... M5W Perenjori-East ... L1 Perenjori-West ... M1 Piawaning ... M2 Piesseville-East ... M4 Piesseville-West ... H4 Pindar ... L1 Pingaring ... M4

Location Area code

Pingelly-East ... M4 Pingelly-West ... H4 Pingrup-North ... M4 Pingrup-South ... M5W Pintharuka-East ... L1 Pintharuka-West ... M1 Pithara-East ... L2 Pithara-West ... M2 Quairading ... M3 Qualeup-North ... H4 Qualeup-South ... H5W Qualegetting ... M3 Ravensthorpe ... M5E Rocky Gully ... H5W Salmon Gums ... L5 Scaddan ... M5E Shackleton-North ... L3 Shackleton-South ... M3 South Kumminin ... M3 South Yilgarn ... L3 Southern Cross ... L3 Speddingup ... M5E Sullivan-East ... L1 Sullivan-West ... M1 Tambellup ... H5W Tammin-East ... L3 Tammin-West ... M3 Tampu ... L2 Tardun-East ... L1 Tardun-West ... M1 Tarin Rock ... M4 Three Springs ... M1 Tincurrin ... M4 Tonebridge ... H5W Trayning ... L3 Wagin-East ... M4 Wagin-West ... H4 Walkaway ... H1 Wandering ... H4 Wannamal ... H2 Warralakin ... L3 Warup ... H4 Watercarrin-East ... L3 Watercarrin-West ... M3 Watheroo ... M2 Welbungin ... L3 West River ... M5C Wialki ... L2 Wickepin ... M4 Wilgoyne (L. Brown) ... L3 Williams ... H4 Winchester ... M2 Wogarl-East ... L3 Wogarl-West ... M3 Wongan Hills ... M2 Wongoondy ... M1 Woodanilling-East ... M4 Woodanilling-West ... H4 Woogenellup ... H5W Woolocutty ... L4 Wooroloo ... H3 Wubin-East ... L2 Wubin-West ... M2 Wundowie ... H3 Wyalkatchem ... L3 Yandanooka ... M1 Yarding ... M3 Yealering ... M4 Yelbeni ... L3 Yerecoin ... M2 Ygnattering ... M3 York-East ... M3 York-West ... H3 Yorkrakine ... L3 Yornaning-East ... M4 Yornaning-West ... H4 Yoting ... M3 Yuna-East ... L1 Yuna-West ... M1

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NOTE: If your location is on or near the border of an area, it is important to consider the information for the adjacent area.

AGZONE AGZONE AGZONE AGZONE

AGZONE Region Zone CellsRegion Zone CellsRegion Zone CellsRegion Zone CellsRegion Zone Cells

1 North West (H1 + M1)

2 Central (H2 + M2 + M3 + M4W)

3 South West (H3 + H4 + H5W + M5W) 4 North East and Central (L1 + L2 + L3)

5 Lakes/Mallee (L4, L5, M4E M5C + M5E)

6 South Coast (H5C + H5E)

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ARIETIES

All promising lines from the Departments breeding programs and other states (with any application in Western Australia) are tested in the crop variety testing program. Initially these lines are tested at Stage 3 sites throughout the state. De- pending on their performance, these lines may progress to Stage 4 testing in the following year. Results from at least two years of advanced testing are required before lines can be included in the crop variety suggestions.

Descriptions of new and suggested varieties appear in each crop section and are arranged alphabetically.

V

ARIETYPARENTAGE

The notation we have adopted to indicate parentage of varieties follows a system described by Purdy et al. in 1968.

The first cross is indicated with a slash (/) between the two parents, the female parent appearing first. For example, Aroona (WW15/Raven) means that for Aroona WW15 was crossed with Raven as the male or pollen parent. Successive crosses are indicated by two slashes with a number in between that signifies the cross order (for example, /3/). The second cross may be indicated by a double slash only.

Back-crosses are signified by an asterisk with an associated number to show the number of times the variety has been used. Back-crosses may involve either the female or male parent as the recurrent parent and accordingly the asterisk may be found to the left or right of the slash.

S

EEDSUPPLIESOFSUGGESTEDVARIETIES

New seed is needed because:

- A newly released variety may be particularly suited to the area.

- The identity of the variety usually grown on the farm may be in doubt.

- Seed may have become contaminated with other cereals, weed seeds, or be of poor physical or germinable quality.

Normally it is not necessary to change seed other than for the above reasons. The idea that self-pollinated cereals suffer some genetic or inherent deterioration in productivity over time is not supported by investigation.

Shrivelled grain is unsatisfactory but small, plump seed may still be suitable. Germinating ability is important and can be affected by disease and weather damage. If you are in any doubt about the soundness of your seed supply, have it tested for germination and purity. Samples can be forwarded to AGWEST Seed Quality, Department of Agriculture, Baron- Hay Court, South Perth.

An important prerequisite for changing to new varieties is whether they will improve your returns. Many new varieties are specific in their application and may not have advantages for all areas. The release of a new variety to particular areas depends on analysis of variety trial results where strict comparisons are made with existing varieties.

The first seed released is normally restricted to the areas where the new variety represents a clear advantage. It is important for growers in these areas to build up seed as rapidly as possible to take advantage of the new variety.

NEWVARIETIESRELEASEDIN WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 2000 TO 2004

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Wheat

Wyalkatchem(DAWA) EGA Bonnie Rock (DAWA) EGA Blanco (DAWA) EGA Eagle Rock (DAWA)

Harrismith (DAWA) EGA Castle Rock (DAWA)

Clearfield JNZ (DAWA./BASF) EGA Jitarning (DAWA)

Clearfield STL (DAWA/BASF) GBA Ruby

GBA Sapphire GBA Shenton Barley

Baudin (DAWA) Hamelin (DAWA)

Lupins

Mandelup (DAWA) Field peas

Dunwa (DAWA) Chickpeas

Rupali (DAWA) Sonali (DAWA) Kimberly Large (CLIMA) Canola

Tranby (DAWA)

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P

LANT

B

REEDER

R

IGHTS

Plant Breeder Rights (PBR) are now commonly used for many field crops in Australia and growers need to be aware of the implications. Varieties protected by PBR have the “A”

symbol after the variety names in the text.

The Plant Breeder Rights Act exists to clarify and strengthen the rights of plant breeders and allow for the streamlined collection of royalties.

When purchasing seed of a variety you should carefully read any documentation that is provided with the purchase so that you are fully aware of the conditions that are placed on the variety. The Department of Agriculture’s policy is that varieties will have either a seed royalty or an end point royalty, not both.

Processed and unprocessed grain grown from seed whereby the relevant royalty has not been paid is not permitted to be offered for sale or traded in any form, as the plant breeders authorisation for use of the variety has not been given.

Provided the purchase conditions are met and the relevant royalties are paid, the farmer may retain seed of the variety for their own future planting.

M

OSTCOMMONLYASKEDQUESTIONSABOUTROYALTIES

What is the Crop Improvement Royalty (CIR)?

The CIR is a royalty paid on every tonne of grain of nomi- nated varieties produced and sold by growers. The CIR is collected by grain marketers and paid to the breeding organisation. The term End Point Royalty (EPR) has the same meaning as the CIR.

What is the Seed Royalty?

Seed royalties are paid on nominated varieties at the point of purchasing the seed and the payment is forwarded directly to the PBR owner of the variety.

Why change from a Seed Royalty to a CIR?

The CIR represents an equitable return to the breeding organisation for successful crop breeding. It is a mechanism by which growers can directly feed back to breeding organi- sations what they regard as successful varieties. The Department of Agriculture has committed to reinvest its share of this royalty into the crop improvement programs, so the CIR provides future benefit for farmers through the development of improved varieties.

Why does the CIR vary from variety to variety?

The CIR rate takes into account market trends and the potential benefits that growers are likely to derive from the variety (eg improved yields, price premiums etc).

How long will a CIR be payable on a variety?

The CIR is payable on grain deliveries for the market life of the variety (up to a maximum of 20 years - the period of PBR ownership).

Will there still be a seed royalty paid on seed purchases?

For Department of Agriculture bred crop varieties the CIR replaces the seed royalty. No publicly available variety has a Seed Royalty and a CIR .

Will the CIR allow farmer to farmer seed sales?

After the open trading date is declared by the Department of Agriculture, farmer to farmer trading of seed will be allowed.

If a variety is protected by PBR can I buy (or sell) seed from my neighbour

(ie farmer to farmer trading)?

The PBR Act provides the legal ability to apply terms and conditions to the trading of the variety. A common restric- tion is that seed can only be purchased from the approved Seed Licensee and therefore seed can not be traded between growers.

In WA, the Department of Agriculture generally includes in the Seed Licensee contract that farmer to farmer trading will not be permitted for a period of 2 – 4 years. After this period, the Department declares open trading and farmer to farmer trading of seed will be allowed.

PBR does not automatically prevent farmer to farmer sales but most other breeding organisations do not allow farmer to farmer trading. Therefore growers should check with the PBR owner if seed trading restrictions apply. For the status of the Departments PBR varieties please refer to

www.agric.wa.gov.au/, click on the heading ‘Crops’ and then on Status of Varieties.

Can I buy seed off my neighbour if I’m prepared to pay the royalty?

It depends on the variety and the conditions the owner or the agency with the marketing rights have set on the variety.

In the case of varieties owned by the Department, you should first check the status of the variety. If the variety is not eligible for open trading then you cannot legally buy seed from your neighbour even if you are prepared to pay the royalties. The Department will not give such permission, as it would be a breach of contract with the Seed Licensee.

Can I use a PBR variety in a share cropping agree- ment where one of the parties to the agreement has not purchased that variety?

There are no legal precedents established under the Act to cover all of these situations and it is important that you clarify with the PBR owner or marketing agent of the variety how they will approach the issue.

The Department of Agriculture permits PBR varieties to be used in share cropping arrangements, provided that one of the parties has legitimate access to the seed being used. The Department of Agriculture will allow seed to be delivered in the names of both share cropping parties, but suggests that you advise the Department of Agriculture of the agreement details. However it must be clearly understood that those

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A A A A A

AUSTRALIA

PBR PENDING: No. ...

(or PBR GRANTED: No. ...)

Unauthorised commercial propagation or any sale of propagating material of this variety is an infringement under the Plant Breeders Rights Act 1994.

parties who have not legitimately purchased seed of the variety must not retain any seed at the end of the agreement.

If they wish to grow the variety themselves in the future they must source seed from an authorised marketer for the variety.

Can I sell a PBR variety as part of a package deal when I am selling the farm?

Again it is necessary to confirm with the owner or marketing agent for the variety what they will allow. In the case of the Department of Agriculture’s varieties it is acceptable to sell a variety with the farm. However if you do so you must not retain any seed for yourself - it is all or nothing. In effect, when you purchase a PBR variety, you are granted a licence to grow that variety, you cannot both sell and keep that licence. You should contact the Department of Agriculture and advise of the change of details so that the variety register can be amended to avoid any unnecessary complica- tions.

What happens if a partnership purchases a variety and the partnership is dissolved?

It is necessary to confirm what the PBR owner or marketing agent for the variety will allow. The Department of Agricul- ture allows members of the partnership to take the variety with them. However you should contact the Department of Agriculture and advise of the change of details so that the variety register can be amended to avoid any unnecessary complications.

Can I sell grain of a PBR variety to another farmer for stock feed?

Yes. PBR regulations only apply to propagating material, which in the case of the Department of Agriculture’s varieties is the seed used to sow the crop. However, to protect yourself in the event that the other farmer does use the grain illegally for seed, you should point out to them that the variety is protected by PBR and it is worth writing on the

documentation accompanying the sale something along the lines of “seed sold for non-cropping purposes and will not be used for sowing a crop”, which is signed by the pur- chaser.

If the variety attracts a CIR (EPR), you are required to pay the PBR owner for the grain you traded. Contact the PBR owner for payment process instructions.

Can I sell grain of a PBR variety to another farmer to sow for hay?

No. In that case such seed is used for sowing a crop, even though it is not going to be harvested for grain. The sale is a clear breach of the Act.

What do I do if I discover later that I have inadvert- ently traded seed that is protected by PBR?

Contact the PBR owner or authorised marketing agent immediately and advise them of the situation. Although you will be technically in breach of the Act, it is considered unlikely that action will be taken against you under the Act in such a situation, particularly where you have brought the matter to their attention. Such an approach is unlikely to be accepted for repeat occurrences, so you need to make sure that you make the appropriate checks to ensure that the situation does not occur again. If you do not provide such advice, the PBR owner may take action against you when they discover that you have used the variety illegally, so it is best for you to initiate the disclosure.

What are the penalties for trading illegally in a PBR variety?

Beyond damages that may be awarded to the owner, fines can be applied to those breaching the Act. These can range from $55,000 to $275,000 depending on whether the party is an individual or a corporation.

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S

TATUSOF

D

EPARTMENTOF

A

GRICULTURE

W

ESTERN

A

USTRALIAN

C

ROP

V

ARIETIES

-

OCT. 2004

VARIETY Year CIR Licensee

(incl. collection fee) (Contact details on following page) GST exclusive

Wheat Ajana A 98 $0.95 / t free to trade

Arrino A 97 NA free to trade

Calingiri A 97 NA free to trade

Camm A 98 $0.95 / t free to trade

Carnamah A 96 NA free to trade

Cunderdin A 96 NA free to trade

Clearfield JNZ A 01 $1.12 / t free to trade

Clearfield STL A 01 $1.12 / t free to trade

EGA Bonnie Rock A 02 $1.12 / t free to trade

EGA 2248 04 $4.17 / t DAWA (contract required)

EGA Castle Rock AAAAA (WA) 03 TBA Coorow Seeds, COGGO Seeds EGA Castle Rock AAAA (other states)A 03 TBA Graintrust

EGA Jitarning AAAAA 03 $2.70 / t Graintrust

EGA Eagle Rock AAAAA 04 TBA Coorow Seeds, COGGO Seeds, Seed Group

Harrismith A 01 $1.12 / t free to trade

Karlgarin AAAAA 99 $0.95 / t AWB Seeds

Westonia 97 N/A free to trade

Wyalkatchem A (WA) 01 $1.12 / t free to trade WA only

Wyalkatchem AAAAA (other states) 01 $1.25 / t PlantTech outside WA Barley Baudin A (WA) 02 $3.00 / t (malting) free to trade WA only

$1.00 / t (feed)

Baudin AAAAA (Eastern States) 02 $3.50 / t (malting) AWB Seeds outside WA

$1.50 (feed)

Doolup A 98 $0.45 / t free to trade

Fitzgerald A 97 NA free to trade

Gairdner A (WA) 97 NA free to trade WA only

Gairdner AAAAA (other states) 97 NA PlantTech outside WA ($60/t seed royalty) Hamelin A (WA) 02 $3.00 / t (malting) free to trade

$1.00 / t (feed)

Oats Carrolup A 93 NA free to trade

Coomallo A 96 NA free to trade

Hotham A 97 NA free to trade

Needilup A 98 NA free to trade

Pallinup A 94 NA free to trade

Toodyay A 96 NA free to trade

Vasse A 97 NA free to trade

Wandering A 99 NA free to trade

Lupins Belara A 97 NA free to trade

Mandelup AAAAA 04 TBA The Seed Group, COGGO Seeds,

Coorow Seeds, Diamond and Co, GrainTrust

Quilinock A 99 $0.95 / t free to trade

Tanjil A 98 $0.85 / t free to trade

Wodjil A (WA) 97 $0.75 / t free to trade WA only

Wodjil AAAAA (other states) 97 $0.75 / t PlantTech outside WA Field Peas Cooke A 99 $0.95 / t free to trade

Dunwa AAAAA 01 $1.125 / t COGGO Seeds

Helena A 99 $1.20 / t free to trade

Chickpeas Rupali AAAAA 04 $3.50 / t AWB Seeds Sonali AAAAA 04 $3.50 / t AWB Seeds

Lentils Cassab 98 NA free to trade

Cumra 98 NA free to trade

Canola Tranby AAAAA 04 $3.125 / t COGGO Seeds EPR cpst tp grpwer = COR + GST (GST recoverable as an income ‘input’).

Varieties on bold are NOT free to trade, seed of these varieties must be purchased form the Licensee.

Further information: Paul Hardy 9368 3347 or Tress Walmsley 9780 6197.

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S

EED

L

ICENSEE

D

ETAILS

Crop Variety Contact Phone

Wheat EGA 2248 A (WA) Production contract required:

Orders available through Department of Agriculture

Tress Walmsley 0404 819 543

EGA Castle Rock A (WA) Coorow Seeds 9952 1088

COGGO Seeds Growers located throughout WA 9368 8750

EGA Castle Rock A (NSW, SA and Vic) GrainTrust 02 9925 0570

EGA Eagle Rock A (WA) The Seed Group

Eastern Districts Seed Cleaners, Kellerberrin 9045 4036

Wemyss, Gnowangerup 9828 5055

Australian Seed and Grain, Moora 9651 1069 COGGO Seeds Growers located throughout WA 9368 8750

Coorow Seeds 9952 1088

EGA Jitarning A (WA) GrainTrust 02 9925 0570

WAWHT2499 Anticipated release in February 2005

Pre-orders available through Department of Agriculture

Tress Walmsley 0404 819 543

Lupins Mandelup A (WA) The Seed Group

Eastern Districts Seed Cleaners, Kellerberrin 9045 4036 Wemyss, Gnowangerup (doublegee free seed) 9828 5055 Australian Seed and Grain, Moora 9651 1069 COGGO Seeds Growers located throughout WA 9368 8750

Coorow Seeds 9952 1088

WC Diamond and Co. Mundaring and Wubin 9664 2011

Mandelup A (NSW, SA and Vic) GrainTrust 02 9925 0570

Field Peas Dunwa A COGGO Seeds Growers located throughout WA 9368 8750 Chickpeas Sonali A and Rupali A AWB SEEDS and SeedNet Partners

Eastern Districts Seed Cleaners, Kellerberrin 9045 4036

Wemyss, Gnowangerup 9828 5055

Australian Seed and Grain, Moora 9651 1069 Canola Tranby A COGGO Seeds Growers located throughout WA 9368 8750

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V ARIETY S UGGESTION S UMMARIES FOR 2005

S = Suggested A = Alternative VH is the Coastal areas (VH3 + VH4 + VH5).

Agzone 1 is the North West area (H1 + M1).

Agzone 2 is the Central area (H2 + M2 + M3 + M4W).

Agzone 3 is the South West area (H3 + H4 + H5W + M5W).

Agzone 4 is the North East and Central (L1 + L2 + L3).

Agzone 5 is the Lakes/Mallee area (L4 + L5 + M4E + M5C + M5E).

Agzone 6 is the South Coast areas (H5C - E).

AgZone 1 2 3 4 5 6

APW

Camm A - - A - - A

Carnamah A A S S - A A

EGA Bonnie Rock A A - - S - -

EGA Eagle Rock A - - - - S S

Perenjori - - - - A -

Mitre A - - - - S -

WAWHT2499 - - - S - -

Wyalkatchem A S S S S A A

Noodles

Arrino A S S S S S -

Calingiri A S S S S S -

A. Hard

Carnamah A S S - S S -

EGA Bonnie Rock A S - - S - -

EGA Eagle Rock A - S - - S -

WAWHT2499 - - - S - -

Rust Resistant Alternative (AH)

EGA Castle Rock A A A A - A A

EGA Eagle Rock A S - - - - -

A. Soft

Datatine - S S - - -

EGA Jitarning A - S S - - -

EGA2248 A - S S - - -

WAWHT2499 anticipated release in early 2005. It will be protected by PBR.

W

HEAT

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AgZone 1 2 3 4 5 6 Malting

Baudin A A A A - S A

Gairdner A A A S - A S

Hamelin A A A A S S -

Harrington - - S - - -

Schooner - - - - S A

Stirling S S A S S A

Unicorn A A A A A A -

Feed

Barque S - A A S S

Doolup A S S S S - S

Fitzgerald - - S - S S

Molloy S S S S S -

Mundah S S - S S -

Onslow - - A - - A

Skiff - - - - A -

Yagan A A - A - -

B

ARLEY

O

ATS

AgZone 1 2 3 4 5 6

MILLING/NON-DWARF

Carrolup - - A - A S

Coomallo A S A A A S

Hotham S S A S A S

Pallinup A A S A A A S

Toodyay S S S S S S

FEED/DWARF

Dalyup A A S A S S

Needilup - - S - - A

Potoroo S S S S S S

Quoll A - - A - - A

Wandering A - S A A - A

References

Related documents

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 3 Western Australia, Series 3 Volume 8 Number 6 November - December,

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4 Western Australia, Series 4 Volume 42 Number 1 Journal of Agriculture,