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Journal of the Royal Victorian Institute of Architects

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Littleton E. Groom), on 21 June last—during the Crown Prince's visit to Canberra. A very beautiful fresco by Ziegler representing the history of Christianity is in the semi-dome of the apse. But you could spend quite a few hours to see this monument to the victories of Emperor Napoleon.

The steps of the grand staircase are made of white marble, and the balustrade is made of Algerian onyx. In terms of architecture, it is an imitation of Vespasian's temple in the Forum in Rome. Martina, the second day ends at the Place de la Republique, with the statue of the Republic.

On the headland between the two parts of the bridge is the statue of Henri, King of France and Navarre. In the Conciergerie, the main victims of the Terror spent their last days before being taken away for execution.

Impressions of Parts 75 time the Palace has been added to, it has suffered several conflagra-

On the site of a hunting lodge, dating from the 13th century, the foundations of the current building were laid in 1541 by the magnificent François I. From the Avenue du Trocadero, the river is crossed by the Pont d'Iena, which flows into the Champs de Mars, from where you have a nice view of the palace. The headquarters of the Military Governor of Paris, there is a whole network of offices and departments nearby that are linked to the Military Governor's establishment.

Begun in 1212 and remodeled in the 16th century, it is remarkable as a mixture of luxurious Gothic and Renaissance. During the time of the directory, it was traditionally converted into a hostel when the "Lyons Mail" left the yard. In addition to views of Paris, several Rouen architectures were shown, particularly those illustrating the opulent period of Gothic architecture.

T HE LATE CHARLES A. D'EBRO

D'Ebro sent complete drawings of his plan on a huge stretcher, "determined," as he said, "that the whole scheme should be seen at a glance." Ingenuity was certainly a feature of his career. At the same time as the financial crash of 1893, he felt that he saw great opportunities in the profession in the direction of the pastoral world with freezing and cold storage then in its infancy, so he became involved in involved engineering and structural work, especially in New Zealand, which became a specialist, and Australia a practically untouched field, and before many years had passed with a practice which, though different, had much compensation. He also took a very active interest in defense matters, being for several years as a captain in command of a field company of the Victorian Corps of Engineers, and having as one of his lieutenants the former President of the Institute.

In later years he felt that the demands of his practice (which extended far beyond Architecture, as he was also qualified as a Licensed Surveyor, Municipal Engineer and Water Supply Engineer), weighed heavily on him, so that in 1916 Mr. Meldrum (A.), who had been his trusted assistant and friend for many years, was taken into partnership, and the opportunity was availed of to spend a holiday in America with his family.

It must be assumed that this building must comply with the Melbourne Building Regulations, the Public Health Board Regulations for Victoria, and the Melbourne and Metropolitan Works Board Rules and Regulations. Describe and illustrate with sketches the evolution and growth of house construction in the Roman and Byzantine styles respectively. Explain the meaning of not more than four of the following terms and illustrate with sketches:—.

Describe and give sketches of not more than three of the following buildings, also indicating the construction in each case. Write a brief description of the life and works of at most three of the following architects:—. 4) George Edmund Street, (b) Sir George Gilbert Scott,. Give sketches and brief description of a typical example of each of the following styles:—. a) Pisan Romanesque, (b) Roman Renaissance, (c) Fourteenth-century English Gothic, (d) Fourteenth-century French Gothic.

As to the accompanying photographs numbered z to to, give what information you can as to Styles and location, also as to dates and periods of erection. So give your reasons, including the names (if you recognize the buildings), and any important facts about their history. Give height and section (about three inches high) of an Italian Renaissance Cornice to a palace, and state what you.

Illustrate with sketches the following:—(a) Anthemion, (b) Antafixa (Greek Doric), (c) Guilloche, (d) Decorated Roman Astragalus, (e) Pulvinated Frieze. Draw sections (about three inches high) of moldings of: (a) Thirteenth century English Shells, (b) Fifteenth century (Perpendicular) Shells. Draw perspective sketches of:—(a) Byzantine capital, (b) Foliated Cap of twelfth century (English), (c) Open Parapet (Late Decorated).

T HE TREND OF ARCHITECTURAL THOUGHT IN ENGLAND TO-DAY

We can mention only two more names of those who kept the lamp burning, the two who form the pinnacle of the movement and produced the most beautiful and original work in it—Harvey Lonsdale Elmes and Charles Robert Cockerell. Anything more exquisite than his small sketches from the nude and his almost nail studies of models for parts of the great hanging candlestick and other fittings in the great central chamber of St. Bank of England, Liverpool, his Bank of England, Bristol, and Westminster Insurance Office on the Strand, now sadly gone.

This important branch of architectural study was greatly neglected during the Gothic Revival. The fine traditions which gave us Bloomsbury in the eighteenth century, and Regent-street and Regent's Park ioo years ago, have been lost. The fault of the old buildings in Regent-street is that they are at least one story too low.

The two main streets planned at the end of the last century were Shaftesbury Avenue and Charing Crossroad. Of course, the towers and steeples of churches and public buildings that rise above other buildings. Undoubtedly their towers, which either singly or in pairs rise above the mass of the church itself.

Paul's is a "skyscraper" and while it is possible that some tradespeople in the neighborhood would favor its removal, I doubt they would get much support. A "skyscraper" in the center of Aldwych Square, surrounded by buildings of normal height, would, in my opinion, form a very fine end to the Kingsway. I look with some apprehension at the plastering of the landscape with cabins either singly, in pairs or in fours.

The open space would be larger and not wasted as in the more common plan.

T HE FUTURE OF ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION

LONG THE BYE-PATHS

Lloyd (President of the London County Council of the National Federation of Building Tradesmen) spoke as follows: "Houses passed from the Ministry of Health and in the course of construction in some places were," he said, "a return to poverty, and if the standard would not be improved, the operatives would refuse to build them. Well-informed and honest criticism from any quarter is always of value; and certainly one of the functions of an architect is to be on the guard. against being a party to the planning of any dwelling which cannot afford those basic conditions which are essential to the establishment of a satisfactory home.a set of plates illustrating the development of the present Central Railway Station, Melbourne, to be exhibited in a prominent position at No.

Military Homes.—According to the resolutions of the Institute relating to military homes, the following is now established. Kirkpatrick, Architects for the Commonwealth Bank, in relation to Homes for the Military Services; what was the amount due to them for the unfinished work; and was any member of the company fit for military service, and if so, did he go to the front. Until he received the actual claims, he could not say what the amount was for work in progress; and he could not say whether any member of the company was of military age.

In the future, all plans, specifications, etc. would be completed by the architectural staff of the War Service Homes Commission, which was composed of returning soldiers. Lunch. On 18 June, the Institute, in collaboration with the Master Builders' Association, offered lunch to Mr. Morton (F.), urban engineer and building inspector, on the eve of his departure abroad to study municipal conditions in Europe. and America, on behalf of the City.

All were convinced that Melbourne would gain much from the results of the commission entrusted to Mr. the late King Edward. — A memorial equestrian statue to the late King was unveiled by the Governor-General of the Commonwealth on July 21st. The work of one of Melbourne's most brilliant sons, Bertram Mackennal, M.V.O., R.A., was born in the city in 1863; and since his studies in Paris his commissions have included statues of Queen Victoria in India, Australia and Blackburn, a coin of the reigning monarch (George V), a pediment of the Government Buildings, Westminster, panels of the end bays of Parliament at Melbourne, the Gainsborough National Memorial and the Islington War Memorial in London, also medals for the Olympic Games.

The Kilda-street of Melbourne is greatly enriched by the sight of this magnificent memorial.

V ICTORIAN ARCHITECTURAL STUDENTS' SOCIETY

1920-1921 Persistent Link

References

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