• No results found

Retail Fireworks: Design, Performance, Testing, Storage,


Academic year: 2023

Share "Retail Fireworks: Design, Performance, Testing, Storage, "


Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Full text

This code of practice (HSNOCOP 18-3) has been approved in terms of Sections 78 and 79 of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act. In terms of Section 80 (1) (a) of the Act, a copy of the code can be viewed at the Wellington office of ERMA New Zealand. Pursuant to Section 80 (1) (b) of the Act, a copy of the code is available to download from the ERMA New Zealand website (www.ermanz.govt.nz).




Fireworks Definition

Fireworks Regulations


Hazard classification means the combination of a hazardous property of a substance and the degree or type of hazard associated with that property prescribed under the Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001. Import in relation to hazardous substances has the same meaning as in section 47 of the Customs Act of 1966; and 'import' in relation to these substances has a. Pyrotechnic substance has the same meaning as in Part 2 of List 1 of Hazardous Substances (Classification).


Retailer means a person engaged in a business involving the sale of fireworks for any purpose other than for resale by the person to whom the fireworks are sold. A sparkler means a firework consisting of a rigid wire or non-metallic rod. partially coated at one end with a slow-burning pyrotechnic substance, with or without an igniter tip, designed to be held in the hand and emitting sparks without a signal. 14th revised edition of the Recommendations on the Model Regulations for the Transport of Dangerous Goods published in 2003 by the United Nations (New York and Geneva).


  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Composition
  • Percussive Effect
  • Design
    • Ignition Method
    • Timing
    • Tube Size
  • User Information

Any flash powder present in the fireworks may only relate to a visual effect and not to a percussive (auditory) effect. Any percussive effect of fireworks must be:. a) no more than is necessary to achieve the visual effect of the firework; and (b) only a side effect. Information must be provided with each firework to enable the safe operation of the firework.





  • Testing Environment
  • Sampling
    • Sampling of single items versus assorted packs
  • Pyrotechnic Composition
  • Pyrotechnic Content/Checking Weight
  • Records of testing

For the purposes of subsection (1), a batch of fireworks (manufactured in New Zealand) complies with regulation 11 if –. a) no fewer than 10 fireworks are randomly selected from the lot and each of the selected fireworks, when tested, complies with that regulation; or. b) in a case where 1 of the fireworks selected under paragraph (a) does not meet 1 or more of the requirements of the regulation. 11(1)(c),(f),(g) or (h) not less than 10 additional fireworks are randomly selected from the same batch and each of the selected fireworks, when tested, complies with regulation 11. 3). For the purposes of subsection (1), all fireworks of a particular type within an imported consignment comply with regulation 11 if –. (a) not less than 10 fireworks are randomly selected from among the fireworks of that type within the consignment and each of the selected fireworks, when tested, complies with that regulation; or. b) in the event that 1 of the fireworks selected under paragraph (a) does not meet 1 or more of the requirements of regulation 11(1)(c), (f)(g) or (h), not less than 10 additional fireworks of the same type shall be selected at random from the same lot and each of the. selected fireworks, when tested, comply with regulation 11. 4) If a batch of fireworks does not meet the requirements of subsection (2), no test certificate shall be given to it.

Ten samples of each of the individual items in the packages shall then be subjected to normal testing. If the test certifier has reason to suspect the integrity of the substance certificate, he/she must have them checked at an accredited laboratory at the expense of the importer or manufacturer. The test certificate issued by the test certification body should not certify that regulation 11 (1)(b) has been complied with, but should certify that the obligation to test for compliance with this sub-clause has been waived.

Fireworks that are checked for pyrotechnic content/weight must be carefully dismantled by a competent person using non-sparking tools. Precautions should be taken to minimize static electricity; for example through a careful choice of clothing, floor coverings, worktops and the use of earth plates. It is important to indicate on the test certificate whether or not the article to be tested is an 'individual article' or whether the article has been selected from an assortment package.

A copy of the final test certificate must be provided to ERMA as soon as possible after the certificate has been issued to the importer/manufacturer.



Packaging of the individual firework

Fireworks packaging standard for outer packaging of retail packs held in public areas



Before lifting a shipment of retail fireworks imported into New Zealand, the importer must provide New Zealand Customs with a . An explosives import certificate form can be found on the ERMA New Zealand website, www.ermanz.govt.nz. The different types of fireworks being imported (these can be provided in the form of a packing list, but you must specify each type of fireworks by name and provide details of the individual fireworks being imported.

Import certificates take up to 10 working days to process and must be used for at least 10 days before the ship arrives in New Zealand. It is therefore important to ensure that retail fireworks are imported well in advance of the sales period to ensure that there is sufficient time to test these items.


After import, fireworks must undergo sampling and testing by a Test Certifier before being distributed to retailers. The responsible person of the place where the retail fireworks are located must ensure that information is kept on the identity of the approved holder responsible for the fireworks, the clear identification of the fireworks (eg batch or load number), the quantity of fireworks and the exact location of the fireworks. If fireworks are to be transferred or distributed, details must be kept of what is being transferred (batch/consignment number of fireworks), the quantity, where it will go, details of the approved holder accepting the fireworks and the date the transfer took place.

This information must be kept for at least 12 months from the date of transfer of the fireworks, either to another location or for sale.


Transportation prior to sale to the public

Passenger Service Vehicles

Private Transportation


  • Quantities below 500 kg
  • Quantities greater than 500 kg and below 1000 kg
  • Quantities greater than 1,000 kg and below 10,000 kg
  • Quantities greater than 10,000 kg (gross weight)
  • Storage of Purchased Fireworks

You may store a maximum of 500 kg of retail fireworks in a retail store or in a container, as long as the fireworks are secured in such a way that no one can reach them without tools, keys or some other device to operate locks. If more than 300 kg of retail fireworks are being held, you must ensure that a fire extinguisher is available within 30 meters of the fireworks. You don't have to be a licensed dealer to handle this amount of retail fireworks before selling them to the public.

It must be under the personal control of an approved processor or handled by a person under the direct supervision of an approved processor. Up to 1,000 kg of retail fireworks may be kept within a retail premises, or in a container secured so that a person cannot access them without tools, keys or any other device to operate the locks. They must be secured under lock and key in a container that is of fireproof construction.

The container must be located at least 2 meters from any occupied buildings and must be well clear of the exits of any buildings. Any location with more than 10,000kg of fireworks must have a location test certificate verifying that the location meets the HSNO requirements. The fireworks must be secured under lock and key in a container that is of fire-resistant construction.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, no more than 10,000 kg (gross weight) of retail fireworks products may be stored at any one time in a location accessible to the public.




Approval for sale of retail fireworks outside of the Guy Fawkes Period



Importation and Testing

Sale to the Public

Sparkler A firework consisting of a rigid wire or non-metallic rod partially coated at one end with a slow-burning pyrotechnic substance, with or without an ignition tip, designed to be hand-held and which emits sparks without bang. Rotation, emission of sparks and flames with or without auditory effects Flash Powder A pyrotechnic substance that is. Must consist of 2 different warnings, user warning and effect warning. Examine the contents of the packs to verify that there are no more than 50 sparklers present, and that at least 3 other fireworks (each containing at least 15 g of pyrotechnic compound) are present.

Testing of packaging to determine compliance with the fire resistance integrity test described in regulation 10(4) of the Hazardous Substances (Packaging) Regulations 2001. At the conclusion of testing, all field records must be entered into a computer data and documents to be filed under the client's name. At the end of the test, clean up all the residue/debris and dispose of it. burning, do not leave the site until the fire is out and all test items have been accounted for.

NB: The test reports must then be collected and summarized in a Test Certificate for each consignment. Rejected items must not be sold or distributed and must be re-exported to the country of origin or destroyed in an approved manner, referring to the Disposal of Hazardous Substances Regulations 2001. Below are some examples of warnings that should be used on Sale labels retail (Shop) Fireworks:.

Do not place a burning object in an enclosed space. n) Do not point or direct at people, animals or buildings. The following are some examples of instructions that should be used on labels for retail (commercial) fireworks:. Place on a hard open surface. i) Insert upright in a soft surface. j) Stick the stick into the ground and point it away from people or flammable material. k) Fasten securely to upright. l) Fasten securely to the upright with the supplied nail. m) Ensure that the fireworks do not fall. n) Ensure that the fireworks rotate freely. o) The fuse is located under the tissue cover. p) Remove the cover to reveal the fuse.


Related documents

The doctor had not examined the witness who was located elsewhere, and the certificate was prepared upon the basis of documentary material provided to the doctor, including a medical