This gives a very airy and open effect to the city, which has the added advantage of a central square with four side squares in the direction of the diagonals of the central square. N O RTES ON THE PRINTED STATEMENTS OF THE CONFERENCE ON AUSTRALIAN TIMBER, FORESTRY AND REFORESTED APPLICATION HELD IN MELBOURNE. Arthur Peck (F.), read before His Excellency Sir Arthur Stanley, members of the Institute and visitors, in the Institute Rooms, September 25, 1917.
Brittingham also said that one of the most important uses for Woolybutt (E. Delegatensis) is the framing of roof trusses. BUTLER (F.), in opening the discussion on the Acting President's notes on the Proceedings of the Conference, said that all recognized that the timber question was one of great importance to the profession. The building industry, except for purposes essential to the conduct of the war, practically ceased in Britain.
As regards the publication of the Conference proceedings, on which the paper of the evening was given, the Conference is to be heartily congratulated for placing the publication in the hands of the State Printer. If such an index were printed and circulated, even now to be pasted in the book by those who received copies, service would be rendered to the objects of the Conference. Complaints were also made by various members of the Institute that they could not depend upon the procuring of seasoned timber, and this was a great disadvantage to the greater use of our Australian timber.
Peck expressed delight at the participation of many of the conference's delegates and other visitors, and closed the meeting.
He favored clean-cut work, of which there were excellent examples at Warburton, where natural regeneration followed. He emphasized scientific investigation and clear definition of terms whose importance was not sufficiently recognized. Excellent lantern slides of a large number of forests and trees in the natural state were obtained by Mr.
Hardy, of the Forest Department, and many others, showing the botanical characteristics of the various kinds of trees dealt with by the contributors to the discussions of the Conference. Small sizes can also usually be obtained in a more "seasoned" condition than large scratches. The first floor beams in the School of Mines building, Bairnsdale, are of yellow stringy bark, 12in.
These are limited only by the capacity of sawmill mills to handle long lengths and the difficulty of dragging very long logs to the factory. The Blackbutt (or "White Ash") and Woolybutt woods in the Gippsland Mountains are home to thousands of trees with straight trunks that rise above the roof. In a small patch of "White Ash" on Mount Elizabeth, where some trees had been felled for a saw mill, I saw that at least 5 twenty foot logs had been cut from each tree, and in most of these 12 ft.
This timber was good and sound, and with a mill in that part of the woods it would be easy to get beams, say 6o ft. Bald head, and west and north of Omeo, similar lengths could be obtained, and the wood is uniformly better suited for these purposes than "White Ash," being lighter, softer to cut, though equally strong. However, the real question now in the proper use of our hardwood timber is how to get the growing timber from the forest to the lumber yards where it can be available to users in a suitable and seasoned condition.
The present need is the formulation of plans or methods to achieve this, either by government enterprise or private effort. The main considerations in designing such a scheme are the extent and accessibility of the forests and the classes of timber obtainable therein, facilities for transportation, or the practicability of providing such, and sufficient capital. The existing methods of supplying hardwoods are useless for developing a national lumber industry in this state.
B UILDING AND ITS COST
Even with all the impetus that can be given, we must remember that the post-war rental values of houses and other property outside our large cities, in which the value of the land bears a very large proportion to the value of the buildings erected. on top of that, it will be roughly doubled by the increase in construction cost. Since we know that many of them have been prevented from building in the past because of the initial cost, we can safely assume that there will be less inclination to build in the future under the new conditions and that therefore the services of the speculator they will be more in demand than they were before. It follows that if the community needs the speculator, conditions must be created that enable him to work with a reasonable prospect of return.
The high rate of interest likely to occur after the war is another element that makes it necessary to remove every possible obstacle that stands in the way of building enterprises. Not only housing for the working classes, but the housing of the great majority of the rest of the population depends on the proper solution of the question, and we hardly suppose that the most ardent progressive reformer is prepared to argue that the whole population housed must be in buildings erected at the state's expense. The initial cost of buildings and the taxes to which they are subjected are all a burden on industry, which must be reduced as far as possible in the interests of all.
The broad point is that it is in the interest of the community that the building should be encouraged as much as possible by the removal of many of the obstacles from which it now suffers. But assuming that all that we have suggested is done, it is clear that much greater attention will be paid to the elimination of what is unnecessary, and this will give an even greater premium to good planning and waste avoidance. If this deprives our bioldings of a profusion of somewhat meaningless engravings and a multitude of drawings, we believe it is little to be regretted.
We believe that well-designed and divided casement windows would often look much better than some of the more elaborate and complicated ways of filling window spaces that are often used, nor should we miss the many elaborate plaster details that are often discarded in the design of commercial spaces. The retention of many architects would have greatly taxed the design of anything as simple as Chelsea Hospital, a product of an era in which everything unnecessary was eliminated due to tight monetary conditions after the Fire of London; and if similar conditions compel us to design on simpler lines, it is very likely that architecture will gain rather than lose by the limitations imposed by circumstances; for many of our recent buildings have been greatly "overworked," or ornamented with elements that are rare and expensive, rather than beautiful.
V ICTORIAN ARCHITECTURAL STUDENTS' SOCIETY
ALONG THE BYE-PATHS
D EATH OF AUGUSTE RODIN
Btono tbe 33ge•matbs
E XPERIMENTAL BUILDING SCIENCE
N EW MATERIALS AND METHODS AS INFLUENCING DESIGN
Slew MMAaterials ana 1AJetbobs
In this shed the returned empty cartridges and packing cases are " repaired and refilled, and a great saving is thereby effected. The gas shells are tested by placing a cover over them with mice or rats in them, and these show whether the shells leak - If defects are found, they are sent to a special building, which contains gas closets, where leaks are stopped without the gas affecting the workers. The start of a projectile factory in reinforced concrete construction, with an area of 2 hectares, on January 15 and a the fifth ended on March 3.
This building is one story high, with a gallery; it has a sawtooth roof, which with the beams carrying the plumbing block and gangways to oil the bearings and open the ventilators and take care of the artificial ventilation, are all of reinforced concrete; there are only 39 tons of rolled steel in this building, in addition to the reinforcement, and all the steel is shell discarded stressed to Io tons to the inch. The speed of the work is due to the foresight used to arrange for all the materials to be on site within a week of the start. The cost was much less than a similar framed steel building, and it had the advantage of being fire resistant.
These buildings are cited to show what is being done under present conditions where limited materials affect the design question, and the last building brings me to what is not exactly a new material, but will provide a topic for discussion that no of the others, I'm afraid, would.
1917-1918 Persistent Link