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Governance and structure


Academic year: 2022

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Our vision, “an environment protected; enhancing our way of life and our economy” is central to the work we do. Our country depends heavily on the quality of our natural environment. Much of the economic growth we have enjoyed, and stand to enjoy, has and will come from using our natural resources.

The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) is responsible for managing the administration of the Emission Trading Scheme, which is a market-based approach for reducing emission of greenhouse gases, and the New Zealand Emissions Unit Register (NZEUR).

In addition, the EPA has a wide range of environmental management responsibilities, covering hazardous substances, new organisms, marine consents and permitted activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (EEZ), and supporting Boards of Inquiry considering proposals of national significance under the Resource Management Act.

Much of our work is high profile. All of our work contributes to the Government’s commitment to building a stronger and more prosperous New Zealand, and its priorities to:

 build a more productive and competitive economy.

 deliver better public services within tight fiscal constraints.

We are committed to delivering better public services by taking a joined-up approach to resolving issues and seeking to achieve a more seamless public service overall. This has been, and will

continue to be demonstrated, in our relationship with the Ministry for the Environment. Our partnership has included progressing the New Zealand Emission Trading Register, which will replace the NZEUR.

The new register will improve the usability of the system and its ability to manage potential security risks, as well as provide greater flexibility to adapt to future policy changes.

We are entering a new phase of the EPA and are transitioning to becoming a more efficient and effective organisation. This is highlighted in our strategic shift towards greater customer centricity and focusing on building our partnerships.

Dr. Allan Freeth Chief Executive





Table of Contents

Introduction ... 3

Table of Contents ... 5

Part One: Organisation and responsibility ... 7

Overview ... 7

Governance and structure ... 8

The EPA Strategy ... 9

Our EPA Strategy 2016 - 2020 ... 11

He Whetū Mārama Strategy ... 12

Part Two: Responsibilities ... 13

Ministerial responsibilities ... 13

The EPA’s responsibilities ... 13

Consultation and engagement ... 16

Part Three: Major policy and implementation issues ... 17

The ETS and NZEUR ... 17

Redevelopment of the NZEUR ... 18

Part Four: Pending decisions or actions ... 19

Appendix One: The EPA Strategy 2014-2018 ... 20

Appendix Two: Output classes, fees and other revenue for 2015-16 ... 21

Appendix Three: Biographies of key people ... 22

Appendix Four: Ngā Kaihautū Tikanga Taiao biographies ... 25





Part One: Organisation and responsibility


1. The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) was established as a Crown Agent under the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011. Our statutory objective is to undertake our functions in a way that:

a) contributes to the efficient, effective and transparent management of New Zealand’s environment and natural and physical resources, and

b) enables New Zealand to meet its international obligations.

2. We have a number of powers, duties and functions under the following environmental Acts:

 Resource Management Act (RMA) 1991 (providing secretariat support to Boards of Inquiry appointed by the Minister for the Environment or the Minister of Conservation to determine Proposals of National Significance)

 Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act (HSNO)1996 (processing approval applications and monitoring and enforcement of hazardous substances use not monitored by other agencies)

 Ozone Layer Protection Act 1996 (permit approvals, monitoring and reporting)

 Climate Change Response Act (CCRA) 2002 (administering the Emissions Trading Scheme and New Zealand Emissions Unit Register)

 Imports and Exports (Restrictions) Act 1988 and Imports and Exports (Restrictions) Prohibition Order (No 2) 2004 (Orders)

 Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012 (including processing marine consent applications and undertaking monitoring and enforcement of permitted activities and marine consents).

3. The Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011 also provides for the EPA to carry out a number of other functions. These include the provision of technical advice to other agencies (activities including advice to Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) on environmental assessment in Antarctica), advice to Ministers and Government om matters relating to EPA functions under environmental Acts, and contribution to international forums (including OECD and APEC).


8 Gillian Wratt,

EPA Board Dr Nicki Crauford,

EPA Board

Governance and structure

4. The EPA is governed by a Board appointed by the Minister for the Environment. The Board is supported in its function by the statutory Māori Advisory Committee, Ngā Kaihautū Tikanga Taiao (Ngā Kaihautū) and the HSNO Committee.

The EPA Board

5. The EPA Board consists of between six to eight members, who must have collective knowledge of, and experience in, matters relevant to the functions of the EPA. At least one member must have knowledge and experience relating to the Treaty of Waitangi and tikanga Māori. The term for the appointment of members of the EPA Board is for three years. Current Board members are:

Note: Biographies are available in Appendix Three.

Māori Advisory Committee

6. Ngā Kaihautū provides advice and assistance to the EPA from a Māori perspective on policy, process and decisions of the EPA. Up to eight members are appointed by the EPA Board and operate within a Terms of Reference set by the Board. Ngā Kaihautū currently has eight members:

Tīpene Wilson (Chair), Ngaire Burley (Deputy Chair), James Doherty, Marino Tahi, Kelly May, James Whetu, Maree Haupai Puke, and Lisa te Heuheu.

Note: Biographies are available in Appendix Four.

Kerry Prendergast, Chair

Dr Kevin Thompson, Deputy Chair and

HSNO Chair

Tīpene Wilson, Māori Advisory Committee Chair Tim Lusk,

EPA Board

Dayle Hunia, EPA Board

Kura Denness, EPA Board

Geoff Thompson, EPA Board



EPA staff

7. The EPA is headed by Dr. Allan Freeth and has 173 permanent and fixed term staff. EPA staff support the Board in carrying out its statutory functions and are responsible for delegated decision making in some areas, such as HSNO and EEZ. The organisation is currently structured into six Groups, each of which is led by a General Manager:

 Emissions Trading Scheme (Andrea Gray)

 Enforcement and Compliance (Andrea Eng)

 Kaupapa Kura Taiao (Doug Jones)

 Policy and Legal (Mark Patchett).

 Applications and Assessment (Sarah Gardner)

 Corporate Services (Johanne Spring)

The EPA Strategy

8. The Board agreed in October this year on a refreshed strategy for the EPA, which will be formally implemented from 1 July 2016. During this time of transition, we will be preparing to adopt this in the coming financial year.

9. Our new strategy establishes a new vision, “An environment protected, enhancing our way of life and economy”. This vision is defined by four strategic pillars, which will guide our

organisation in pursuing our strategic direction:

 One EPA;

 Partnership Plus;

 Customer Centric; and

 People Potential.

10. To give effect to the Strategy, the EPA will now focus on the following strategic intentions:

 increase the trust of the nation, Māori, and business through decision-making based on science, evidence, and risk assessment

 improve operational performance, including through enhanced EPA systems, and customer experiences

 contribute effectively to the government environmental, wellbeing, and economic outcomes and results

 build depth and breadth of leadership and technical expertise to ensure we have the capability and capacity to respond to stakeholder and customer demand

11. These strategic intentions will be incorporated into our Statement of Intent 2016/17-2021 and Statement of Performance Expectations for 2016/17.

Andrea Gray, General Manager Emissions Trading Scheme Note: Biographies are available in Appendix Three.



12. We are continuing our Four Year Plan, driven by our new strategic platform, and its

corresponding Four Year Excellence Horizon. These are linked to a number of other strategic documents in development, including the Workforce Strategy and the Financial Management Framework.

13. Our accountability documents are in the links below.

Statement of Intent 2014-18


Statement of Performance Expectations 2015/16


Annual Report for the Year Ended 30 June 15




Our EPA Strategy 2016 - 2020



He Whetū Mārama Strategy



Part Two: Responsibilities

Ministerial responsibilities

14. The following summarises the responsibilities you have in regard to the EPA.

Climate Change Response Act 2002

15. The Minister for Climate Change Issues may give general directions to the EPA in relation to its exercise of powers or performance of functions (but not in relation to a particular person) under the Act. Such directions will be published in the Gazette.

16. You should also note that the Minister of Finance may, on behalf of the Crown, direct the Registrar regarding Crown accounts in the New Zealand Emission Unit Register (NZEUR) and the issuing, trading or transfer of emission units.

The EPA’s responsibilities

Administration of the ETS and NZEUR

17. The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cross agency initiative between MfE, EPA, and Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and Treasury. A Memorandum of Understanding sets out the respective roles and responsibilities across the agencies. This is supported by governance arrangements, an Operations Manual and leadership teams including the ETS Operations Executive Group (at Director / General Manager level) and ETS Coordinators Group (manager level).

18. In executing its administration function, the EPA seeks to maximise confidence in the service delivery and integrity of the ETS and NZEUR.

19. The EPA’s role is to oversee activities related to non-forestry participants and industrial allocation recipients as well as administration of the NZEUR. This covers a range of activities including:

 Opening and closing of accounts

 Registration and deregistration of participants

 Reporting of emissions and surrendering of units to meet obligations

 Processing of industrial allocation applications

 Carrying out of Crown transactions and supporting trading between private account holders (both domestically and internationally)

 Issuing of surrender and penalty notices

 Ensuring compliance with obligations under the CCRA.



20. The Registrar is a statutory function, held by the Chief Executive of the EPA. It is delegated to specific positions within the Registry Operations Team. The Registrar’s role is to have

oversight of the NZEUR, ensuring actions undertaken in the registry are within the statutory requirements of the Act. The role is also responsible for the transfer of units to and from Crown accounts and ensuring that the registry is meeting its international requirements (e.g.

reconciliation and reporting).

21. The EPA has full responsibility for all operational duties under or on the ETS. However, we do operate on a ‘no surprises’ basis and will advise you of any major initiatives, challenges or salient risks.

International responsibilities and profile

22. The EPA supports the meeting of New Zealand’s United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) commitments by actively participating in a range for forums and activities, as well as contributing to the wider international community. These forums and activities include:

UNFCCC Registry System Administrators Forum (RSA) and International Transaction Log (ITL)

23. The RSA forum provides the opportunity for the national registry administrators to discuss emerging issues with colleagues from the national registries, and to implement minor changes to ensure better security and integrity across the system. It also makes

recommendations to the UNFCCC on substantive matters relating to the operating of the registries within the Kyoto Protocol.

24. The ITL, which is operated by the UNFCCC, is the mechanism all registries use to trade emission units internationally. National registry participation has included Disaster Recovery testing, and ad-hoc projects, such as membership on several working groups dealing with the security and integrity of the international carbon market and the registries that operate within it.

UNFCCC Expert Reviewers

25. The EPA provides trained staff to participate in National Inventory Report expert reviews, where countries’ UNFCCC national greenhouse inventory reports are subject to an independent review. This ensures greenhouse gas emissions and removals are being accurately accounted for, and progress against Kyoto Protocol commitments accurately reported.


15 UNFCCC Consolidated Assessment Week (Registries)

26. As the operator of the New Zealand Emission Unit Register, the EPA participates in the annual UNFCCC Consolidated Assessment Week for national registries. This is an annual process where the national registries of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol are reviewed to ensure they comply with the rules of the Protocol, and are accurately tracking and accounting the emissions units held. The results of this review are provided to the expert review teams charged with reviewing each country’s national inventory report.

First Commitment Period Retirement and Carry-over

27. We have played a key role in meeting New Zealand’s obligations for the first commitment period (CP1) of the Kyoto Protocol by planning and implementing CP1 Retirement and carry over. The CP1 Retirement is the process by which New Zealand will “surrender” the emission units required to meet its emissions over the CP1 period (2008-2012).

28. Certain units in excess of New Zealand’s CP1 obligation are expected to be eligible to be carried over in to the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, and used to meet New Zealand’s target under the UNFCCC. The confirmation (or not) of New Zealand’s eligibility to undertake the Carry-over will communicated to you by the Ministry for the Environment.

Regional carbon market linking and the domestic carbon market

29. The EPA is supporting the MfE in its work developing regional and bilateral links between carbon markets through the provision of operational and technical expertise. Emission unit registries and the integrity of emission units play an important role in the development of a regional or bilateral market, and the EPA’s expertise in this area has helped to advance this work.

Commitment Period 2

30. The EPA will continue to be actively involved in these international forums. Our role in some of these may become more that of an observer because of decisions made about New Zealand’s participation in Commitment Period 2. Irrespective of New Zealand’s participation in the second commitment period, the NZEUR will remain compliant with the security and data management requirements of the UNFCCC. This is important as the standards are broadly regarded as a default for new registries, and ensure our ability to respond to diverse policy directions.

ETS Facts and Figures

31. The EPA publishes the ETS Facts and Figures report alongside the section 89 and section 205 reports each year. The latest reports present key data on the ETS as at 30 June 2015.

The full reports can be accessed here



16 32. Key statistics from public reports include:

 2,536 participants in the ETS, including both non-forestry and forestry participants.

 Approximately 8,100 holding accounts.

 Approximately 72 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent of total non-forestry emissions reported for the 2014 reporting period.

 19.63m units surrendered by non-forestry participants for the 2014 reporting period.

 4.4m units allocated for eligible industrial activities.

 542 million units held in the NZEUR (including both private and Crown accounts).

Stakeholder engagement

33. The EPA engages with our stakeholders through both formal and informal mechanisms. The EPA engages with different groups of stakeholders of the ETS, including mandatory and voluntary participants, entities carrying out activities eligible for industrial allocations, and traders. We use customer centric design methods to gain insights into the users’ experiences of our systems and processes and these inform our continuous improvement and major initiatives.

34. Our engagement also ensures that they are all sufficiently informed to comply with their obligations or to receive entitlements and that the service being provided facilitates any ETS transactions they might make.

35. Key customers and stakeholders include:

 Participants and Industrial Allocation recipients.

 Account holders and traders of units.

 Account representatives and third parties providing ETS advice.

 Ministry for the Environment (MfE), Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and The Treasury as key agencies working on the ETS.

 New Zealand Customs and NZ Transport Agency regarding the administration of the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Levy.

 Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (0800 CLIMATE call centre services and energy reporting) and the Inland Revenue Department (compliance practices).

 International Transaction Log (UNFCCC) and other national registries.

36. In addition relationships are being developed with the Serious Fraud Office, New Zealand Police, Financial Markets Authority and Department of Internal Affairs in relation to the Anti- Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009 (broader financial crime, registry information security and integrity risks).



Part Three: Major policy and implementation issues



37. The EPA provides ongoing assistance and education as part of its compliance programme, as well as undertaking desktop reviews and third party audits. There is currently a relatively high level of compliance among the non-forestry participants and industrial allocation recipients. It is possible that a low emission unit price reduces the financial gains from non- compliant behaviour. Current settings within the CCRA place a $30 per unit penalty on a range of non-compliant activities.

Security, assurance, and internal controls

38. Our security, integrity, and assurance work is encapsulated in a comprehensive business assurance programme centred on the administration of the NZEUR and the ETS. The NZEUR system has security controls built into it. We have also developed controls and methods of gaining assurance relating to the people and processes using the NZEUR or the ETS to minimise the likelihood and impact of risks to the system and the units held within the Register. We apply security policies and controls as required or recommended by the International Transaction Log of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Office of the Government Chief Information Officer.

39. The business assurance programme also includes formal risk assessment and management processes, security audits, internal controls reporting and disaster recovery testing.

Supporting the New Zealand carbon market

40. The EPA is working to strengthen and enhance the New Zealand carbon market through the provision of greater information on market activity, and the development of procedures and policies to minimise the likelihood and impact of cybercrime, financial crime and fraud. In particular we are leading the work with MfE and MPI on the issue of oversight of the carbon market across two areas:

i. Lack of mandatory best practices and standards for advisory services (for example those who advise participants on their obligations).

ii. Lack of rules, standards and best practices for intermediary services (for example those who carry out transactions on behalf of participants).

41. Financial crime and in particular, money laundering, poses a risk to the NZEUR. This risk has been realised in overseas registries. We have initiated contact with other agencies working in this space to ensure they understand how the NZEUR could be implicated in various criminal activities, and to understand what those agencies are doing to manage related risks. We have joined broader inter-agency networks to achieve this.



Redevelopment of the NZEUR

42. The New Zealand Government has made a long-term commitment to reducing New

Zealand’s greenhouse gas emissions. Our primary instrument for doing this is the ETS. The EPA administers the scheme and operates the NZEUR, which is the system in which ETS- related transactions take place, including emission unit trading and reporting activities. In December 2013, the EPA Board approved the business case for the replacement of the NZEUR.

43. This project is now well underway and tracking to schedule. Delays did occur previously in the project, but these were resolved in August 2015 under a contract variation with

commercial terms favourable to EPA. Go Live for the new system is scheduled for late July 2016 (providing the system being developed meets strict security and user acceptance criteria at that time). A second system release is scheduled for deployment by late October 2016, which will bring in the remaining functionality not required in the first release. The new system is to be called the New Zealand Emission Trading Register to better reflect the system's functions.

44. Communications and training preparation is well underway to ensure that businesses needing to access the system immediately before and after Go Live have all the information they require and are well supported by the EPA during the transition to the new system.

45. The investment case for the redeveloped NZEUR is primarily a strategic case, given the ageing nature of the current technology and the implications this has for meeting needs going forward. The new system allows for close alignment with the Government’s Result Areas 9 and 10 as well as taking advantage of the all-of-government services such as RealMe and Infrastructure as a Service. Benefits to be realised from this project include greater flexibility to adapt to policy changes, better ability to manage security risks into the future, and improved usability for system users.

46. Monetary benefits will be realised through lower system hosting costs over the life of the new system, compared to the current NZEUR.



Part Four: Pending decisions or actions

ETS Review

47. We are working closely with the Ministry for the Environment on the Review of the ETS. The EPA is in a unique position to provide insights into the operation of the ETS and the carbon market. This includes implementation complexity and cost advice on policy options.

48. Changes to policy settings would impact the EPA processes and systems. However, one of the key drivers of the NZEUR redevelopment project is to ensure that the new system is scalable and flexible to meet future policy requirements.

49. The review will also provide the opportunity to include enhancements to the CCRA legislation to improve the operational aspects of the legislation that have proved problematic. Many of these changes are minor and technical, such as aligning timeframes for repayments, due dates for surrenders where an amendment has occurred.

Cost Recovery

50. Through MfE’s review the EPA (concluded in April 2015) cost recovery under the CCRA legislation was considered. Under the current legislation, there is the ability to charge fees in a number of areas, although these require regulations to be enacted. Our analysis done with the Ministry’s Climate Change Directorate has concluded that while we could charge fees, the cost of administration of these would likely be greater than the amount that would be

generated. In addition, the application of fees in certain areas (for example, the processing of industrial allocation applications) would be inconsistent with the overall design of the ETS. If unit auctioning is implemented, we believe there are good arguments for all or some of the proceeds to be applied directly back into the administration of the ETS through the

appropriate output classes, rather than into the consolidated account.



Appendix One: The EPA Strategy 2014-2018



Appendix Two: Output classes, fees and other revenue for 2015-16

Note: This table is from the Statement of Performance Expectations 2015-16. The recovery column refers to the functional basis of cost recovery.



Appendix Three: Biographies of key people

Kerry Prendergast, EPA Board Chair

Kerry Prendergast gained substantial governance experience as Mayor of Wellington from 2001 to 2010, and as a borough and city councillor for 15 years prior to that. During her time as Mayor she was involved in significant periods of change and growth at the Wellington City Council. Ms. Prendergast also brings knowledge in environmental management and has experience working with ministers and government departments.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 31 May 2017.

Dr Kevin Thompson, EPA Board Deputy Chair and HSNO Committee Chair

Dr Thompson is an experienced engineer and general manager who brings strategic

management and technical leadership skills to the EPA Board. He is the former Chief Executive of Opus International Consultants Ltd and previously served as Chief Executive of Works Civil Construction. Dr Thompson is highly skilled in governance and organisational change and growth, and has good knowledge of New Zealand’s environmental management system.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 30 June 2018.

Tim Lusk, EPA Board

Tim Lusk is a former Chief Executive of Meridian Energy and has held senior roles in

Transpower and Telecom. This experience gives him a unique blend of understanding of both major infrastructure projects and the regulatory environment.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 1 July 2016.

Dayle Hunia, EPA Board Ko Pūtauaki te Maunga Ko Ngāti Awa te Iwi

Dayle Hunia has a background in environmental management and Māori economic

development. She is currently the Executive Director of Kōtuku Systems Limited – a business, IT and environmental consultancy firm based in Whakatāne.

Dayle currently serves on a range of boards including: Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Awa, Omataroa Rangitaiki No 2 Trust, Rūrima Islands Trust and the Kawerau Enterprise Agency. She is also an Independent Environmental Commissioner.

Dayle brings a range of perspectives to the EPA Board and has a proven track record of implementing positive change across a range of commercial and not-for-profit entities.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 30 June 2018.


23 Dr Nicki Crauford, EPA Board

Dr Crauford brings a wealth of experience in governance and decision making for large organisations. In addition to her current role as a senior consultant with an engineering firm, WorleyParsons, she has held senior leadership positions with the Institution of Professional Engineers, the Institute of Directors and Transpower.

She is a past director of Genesis Energy and currently holds directorships with Watercare Services, Capacity Infrastructure Services and Orion Energy (from August 2014), and chairs the Wellington Rural Fire Authority. Dr Crauford’s early career was in the oil and gas industry.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 1 July 2016.

Gillian Wratt, EPA Board

Gillian Wratt has extensive experience in the science and environmental sectors. She is a past Chief Executive of the Cawthron Institute – a private scientific research organisation whose work includes providing practical and independent aquatic and environmental research expertise. Prior to that, Ms. Wratt headed New Zealand’s Antarctic programme and the NZ Antarctic Institute, and worked for the Ministry for the Environment and the Crop Research Division of DSIR. She brings to the Board a commitment to the application of science to sound environmental decision making.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 1 July 2016.

Kura Denness, EPA Board

Kura Denness spent her early professional life working in both chartered accountancy and various finance roles in commerce. She is currently an independent company director. She is Chair of Te Atiawa (Taranaki) Holdings Limited and Te Rau Matatini. In addition she is on the Boards of: Massey University Council (Chair, Audit and Risk Committee), Te Atiawa (Taranaki) Settlements Trust, PHARMAC (Chair, Audit and Risk Committee, member Maori Caucus), Allied Laundry Limited, Tui Ora Limited, Te Korimako o Taranaki (Maori radio station), TSB Community Trust, and Te Kotahitanga o Te Atiawa. She is also on the Taranaki branch committee of the Institute of Directors and affiliates to Te Atiawa iwi.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 31 May 2017.

Geoff Thompson, EPA Board

Geoff Thompson has an eminent legal background and is now a Consultant with particular interests in forestry and environmental matters. His long legal career involved local and international business governance, central government, and environmental planning and practice.

He is currently Chair of the Forest Growers Levy Trust, the Plantation Forestry Industry Organisation and Chair of several forestry companies including United Forestry Management



Ltd, an Australian and Chinese-backed company established to aggregate small and medium scale forests to gain scale benefits.

Geoff is also involved in climate change issues, and was a member of the 2011 Emission Trading Scheme Review Panel.

End of Appointment on EPA Board: 30 June 2018.

Dr Allan Freeth, Chief Executive

Dr Allan Freeth took up the role of Chief Executive of the EPA in September 2015.He has extensive experience of both governance and management, and is well known across New Zealand’s business, cultural and public sectors.

Dr Freeth’s previous managerial roles include seven years as Chief Executive of TelstraClear Limited (2005-2012) and five years as Managing Director of Wrightson Limited to 2004. Prior to that, he held senior management roles in Wrightson Rural and at Trust Bank New Zealand Limited.

He is Chair of Triplejump and Chairman of the Advisory Board of Global Film Solutions. Dr Freeth was Chair of Housing New Zealand Corporation until July 2015. He is also active in the not-for-profit sector with previous roles as Chair of Queen Margaret College and Save the Children NZ, Deputy Chairman of FilmNZ, and a Director of the Malaghan Institute. At present he is Deputy Chairman of Crimestoppers and acts as an advisor for a number of charities associated with child and youth organisations.

Dr Freeth holds a BSc (1st class Honours) degree in Zoology, a Doctorate in Philosophy in Population Genetics, and a MBA with Distinction

Andrea Gray, General Manager, Emissions Trading Scheme

Andrea Gray joined the EPA in November 2011 as the inaugural General Manager, Emissions Trading Scheme. Andrea has a BMus, BA (Linguistics) and an MA (Library & Information Studies) and a Graduate Diploma in Science (Psychology). Her work in the private and public sectors over the past 30 years has included database systems engineering, knowledge and information management, managing service operations and business relationship management.

She has completed the three-year Public Sector Advanced Leadership Programme and the Australia NZ School of Government Managing Regulation & Compliance and Executive Fellows Programmes.



Appendix Four: Ngā Kaihautū Tikanga Taiao biographies

Tīpene Wilson, Tumuaki (Chair)

Ngāti Koroki Kahukura, Ngāti Apakura, Ngāti Tura, Ngāti Te Ngākau

Tipene Wilson was appointed Tumuaki of Ngā Kaihautū on 1 July 2013. His Ngā Kaihautū membership commenced on 1 July 2012 when he took up the role of Tumuaki Tuarua (Deputy Chair). Tipene is owner and Chief Executive of Maximize Consultancy Ltd, a company focused on maximising opportunity, creating value and assisting corporate and government

organisations to work productively with Māori. He is a qualified RMA hearings commissioner and has experience in a national management role. Tipene has worked with Māori, corporate organisations, central and local government, and other agencies in strategic and project planning and management across the resource and environmental management sector.

Tipene was the inaugural chair of Ngāti Tura, Ngāti Te Ngākau Hapū Trust in Te Arawa, and has been chair of Parawai Marae. He is the inaugural Treasurer of the Ngāti Koroki Kahukura Trust in Waikato-Tainui and former secretary of Pōhara Marae. He is currently undertaking projects for his marae and hapū, is chair of a Māori land incorporation, and has been involved in a number of other Māori and community Trusts and Boards.

Ngaire Burley, Tumuaki Tuarua (Deputy Chair) Tapuika, Ngāti Moko, Ngāti Marukukere, Ngāti Kurī

Ngaire Burley was appointed to Ngā Kaihautū in July 2014 and appointed as the Ngā Kaihautū Tumuaki Tuarua (Deputy Chair) in September 2014. She is a new face to the EPA and Ngā Kaihautū, but a few years ago Ngaire worked as Programme Manager in the New Organisms team of ERMA NZ and as Acting General Manager Māori for Kaupapa Kura Taiao.

Ngaire has a multi-disciplinary 30-year career working mainly in the government sector. She has worked for the Ministry of Social Development on projects related to marae development and providing people on low incomes with affordable finance options. She has also held senior positions at Te Puni Kōkiri, Office of Treaty Settlements, and the Ministry for the Environment, Ministry of Science and Innovation, Ministry of Education, ACC, and as a research scientist at Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research. She was also the first Māori Commissioner to be appointed to the Environment Court. Ngaire has a Masters of Philosophy (Hon) in Zoology and a Bachelor of Commerce degree in Accounting from the University of Auckland, and has a good working knowledge of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 and the Resource Management Act 1991.


26 James Doherty

Ngāti Tāwhaki, Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāti Ruāpani, Ngāti Awa, Ngāti Hokopū, Ngāi Tūhoe

Jim Doherty was appointed to Ngā Kaihautū on 21 October 2011. He is currently retired and worked for many years in the Forest Service – including 10 years with Kaingaroa Logging Company, Murupara, as a Fabrication Engineer.

Jim has been involved with many committees and Trust Boards dealing with environmental and Māori matters, including membership on Environment Bay of Plenty’s Māori Regional

Representative Committee, Chair of the Kaingaroa Village Council, and member of the Claims Committee for Te Rūnanganui o te Ikawhenua. Jim was involved in a Landcare Research project involving 1080 uptake in pūhā, and was an expert advisor to the ERMA NZ decision- making committee that considered the reassessment of 1080. Jim is a long-standing member of the ERMA/EPA Māori National Network and a Kāhui Kaumātua member for that Network. He is a Trustee on Te Kotahi A Tuhoe and works for the mandated iwi organisation to process all Tuhoe Claims with the Crown. He is currently Chair of the Tūhoe Tuawhenua Trust and a member of Ngā Matapopore a Māori Advisory Group to a FRST programme looking at alternative pesticides.

Marino Tahi Ngai Tūhoe

Marino Tahi was appointed to Ngā Kaihautū in March 2013. For the past seven years he has worked in the science innovation sector as the Māori Partnerships Manager – Business Development for Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research Ltd. Marino works with a wide range of Māori land trusts and incorporations seeking environmental solutions and sustainable economic development outcomes in the Māori Agribusiness sector.

He has a BA/BCA from Victoria University and an MBA degree from the Massey University College of Business. He is a member of the Māori advisory panel for the NZ Greenhouse Gas Research Centre, Te Ara Putaiao (CRI Māori Managers collective) and the Māori Agribusiness working group for increasing Māori land productivity.

Kelly May

Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāti Marangatūhetaua

Kelly May was appointed to Ngā Kaihautū in November 2013. She is currently employed as a coastal fisheries scientist at the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA).

She works within the Coastal Group and National Centre of Māori Environmental Research (Te Kūwaha o Taihoro Nukurangi). Te Kūwaha provides expertise in environmental research, with a strong Māori focus.

Kelly also has experience as a commercial fisheries manager and a Treaty of Waitangi Deed of Settlement project manager. Kelly has a Masters in Aquaculture from Deakin University, Australia. She has research interests in marine fisheries management and the development of



tools to assist with assessing the status of fish stocks. Kelly has a strong interest in knowledge sharing, indigenous peoples' development, and the sustainability, management and utilisation of natural resources.

James Whetu

Waikato, Ngāti Raukawa, Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Ngāti Whakaue

James Whetu was appointed to Ngā Kaihautū in July 2014. He works with the Waikato Regional Council and advises on resource management planning and policy, with particular focus on their co-management responsibilities and post-Treaty settlement implementation.

He is a work stream lead on the Healthy Rivers – Wai Ora project, a partnership project with iwi, which aims to improve the water quality of the Waikato and Waipa Rivers and their catchments through a collaborative process with stakeholders.

James is Director and Principal Planner of his own consultancy firm Whetu Consultancy Group, which he operates jointly with his wife Amy. He holds a Bachelor of Tourism majoring in

Resource, Impacts and Environmental Planning from the University of Waikato, and has also gained further qualifications in ecological and building design, facilitation and as an RMA Independent Commissioner. James has held multiple positions with his iwi and in his local community, serving as Deputy Chair for the Ngāruawāhia Community Board, Chairman for the Ngāruawāhia Community Arts Centre, and Marae representative on the Raukawa

Environmental Forum to develop the Raukawa Environmental Management Plan. He is also an active member of his Waikato-Tainui and Ngāti Tūwharetoa tribes.

Maree Haupai Puke

Waikato, Maniapoto, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Whakaue

Haupai has been a Senior Lecturer/Pukenga Matua (School of Māori and Pacific Development) at the University of Waikato since 2003, and started there as a Lecturer in 1989.

Her personal interests have always revolved around whānau, hapū and iwi activities and maintaining strong relationships with the Kīngitanga. Haupai is Chairperson of the Purekireki Marae Trust of Pirongia with involvement in environmental issues such as the sustainable conservation of the Matakitaki Pā site. Haupai is a member of the Pirongia Heritage and Visitor Centre and marae representative on Ngā Iwi Toopu o Waipa, which monitors resource consents to the Waipa District Council. As an iwi representative Haupai is an appointed member on the Pirongia Ward Committee of the Waipa District Council and a Trustee of two Ahuwhenua Trusts.

Haupai's resource management interest stems from monitoring applications, which were presented for consultation to her marae committee. She has made submissions to Otorohanga District Council regarding resource consent applications and the Heritage arm of the Waipa District Council. She also successfully participated in the Ministry for the Environment’s Making Good Decisions Foundation Programme. Haupai was recently involved in hosting a hui of local



marae and iwi to discuss a plan to relocate kokako back to the area. She also recently participated in relocating pītoitoi to their maunga.

Lisa te Heuheu

Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Raukawa, Ngāti Maniapoto

Lisa is passionate about Māori achieving their aspirations in regards to the environment, sustainable development and people growth. She has a background in resource and

environmental planning and in Māori natural resource management. Lisa currently works as a consultant for her company which she established in 2008. She has worked with iwi and hapū, in the public sector, as an academic research Fellow, and with primary sector organisations.

Lisa holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Earth Science, a Diploma in Environmental Management, and a Post Graduate Diploma in Management.





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